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velopment of a national urban policy which shall incorporate social, economic, and other appropriate factors. Such policy shall serve as a guide in making specific decisions at the national level which affect the pattern of urban development and redevelopment and shall provide a framework for development of interstate, State, and local urban policy.
(d) The Congress further declares that the national urban policy should
(1) favor patterns of urbanization and economic development and stabilization which offer a range of alternative locations and encourage the wise and balanced use of physical and human resources in metropolitan and urban regions as well as in smaller urban places which have a potential for accelerated growth;
(2) foster the continued economic strength of all parts of the United States, including central cities, suburbs, smaller communities, local neighborhoods, and rural areas;
(3) encourage patterns of development and redevelopment which minimize disparities among States, regions, and cities;
(4) treat comprehensively the problems of poverty and employment (including the erosion of tax bases, and the need for better community services and job opportunities) which are associated with disorderly urbanization and rural decline;
(5) develop means to encourage good housing for all Americans without regard to race or creed;
(6) refine the role of the Federal Government in revitalizing existing communities and encouraging planned, large-scale urban and new community development;
(7) strengthen the capacity of general governmental institutions to contribute to balanced urban growth and stabilization; and
(8) facilitate increased coordination in the administration of Federal programs so as to encourage desirable patterns of urban development and redevelopment, encourage the prudent use of energy and other natural resources, and protect the physical environment.
NATIONAL URBAN POLICY REPORT
SEC. 703. (a) The President shall transmit to the Congress during February 1978, and during February of every even-numbered year thereafter, a Report on National Urban Policy which shall contribute to the formulation of such a policy and in addition shall include
(1) information, statistics, and significant trends relating to the pattern or urban development for the preceding two years; (2) a summary of significant problems facing the United States as a result of urban trends and developments affecting the well-being of urban areas;
(3) an examination of the housing and related community development problems experienced by cities undergoing a growth rate which equals or exceeds the national average;
(4) an evaluation of the progress and the effectiveness of Federal efforts designed to meet such problems and to carry out the national urban policy;
(5) an assessment of the policies and structure of existing and proposed interstate planning and developments affecting such policy;
(6) a review of State, local, and private policies, plans, and programs relevent to such policy;
(7) current and foreseeable needs in the areas served by policies, plans, and programs designed to carry out such policy, and the steps being taken to meet such needs; and
(8) recommendations for programs and policies for carrying out such policy, including such legislation and administrative actions as may be deemed necessary and desirable.
(b) The President may transmit from time to time to the Congress supplementary reports on urban growth which shall include such supplementary and revised recommendations as may be appropriate.
(c) To assist in the preparation of the National Urban Policy Report and any supplementary reports, the President may establish an advisory board, or seek the advice from time to time of temporary advisory boards, the members of whom shall be drawn from among private citizens familiar with the problems of urban areas, and from among Federal officials, Governors of States, mayors, county officials, members of State and local legislative bodies, and others qualified to assist in the preparation of such reports.
Approved December 31, 1970.
EXCERPT FROM HOUSING AND URBAN-RURAL RECOVERY ACT OF 1983
[Public Law 98-181; 97 Stat. 1153, 1238; 12 U.S.C. 1701g-56]
CANCELLATION OF DEBT OWED THE TREASURY AND LIQUIDATION OF NEW COMMUNITIES PROGRAM
SEC. 474. (a) In order to provide for the management and orderly liquidation of the assets, and discharge the liabilities, acquired or incurred in connection with the new communities program authorized pursuant to title IV of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 and title VII of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1970 (hereafter referred to in this section as "title IV" and "title VII", respectively), the liquidation of the new communities program shall be carried out pursuant to the provisions of law applicable to the revolving fund (liquidating programs) established pursuant to title II of the Independent Offices Appropriations Act, 1955, upon the transfer by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (hereafter in this section referred to as the "Secretary") of the assets and liabilities of the fund authorized under section 717 of title VII to such revolving fund, as required in title I of the Department of Housing and Urban Development-Independent Agencies Appropriation Act, 1984. The Secretary shall report to the Congress not less than sixty days prior to taking any action with respect to the disposition of real property (other than a purchase money mortgage) which involves any further potential liability of or assistance from the Department of Housing and Urban Development with respect to any property so transferred.
(b) In carrying out the purposes of subsection (a), all moneys in the revolving fund (liquidating programs) shall be available for necessary administrative and other expenses of servicing and liquidating obligations guaranteed pursuant to section 403 and section 713 of title IV and title VII, respectively, including costs of services (including legal services) performed on a contract or fee basis, and to discharge any other liability acquired or incurred in connection with the new communities program. Notwithstanding any other provision of law relating to the acquisition, handling, improvement, or disposal of real and other property by the United States, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall also have power, for the protection of the interests of the revolving fund (liquidating programs), to pay out of any moneys in such fund all expenses or charges in connection with the acquisition, handling, improvement, or disposal or any property, real or personal, acquired by the Secretary either prior or subsequent to the date of the enactment of this Act as a result of recoveries under security, subrogation, or other rights in connection witht the new communities program.
(c) After making the transfer required in title I of the Department of Housing and Urban Development-Independent Agencies Appropriation Act, 1984, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development may issue obligations to the Secretary of the Treasury in an amount sufficient to enable the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development to satisfy any guarantee made pursuant to section 403 or 713 of title IV or title VII, respectively, and otherwise carry out the functions authorized by this section. The obligations
issued under this subsection shall have such maturities and bear such rate or rates of interest as shall be determined by the Secre tary of the Treasury. The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized and directed to purchase any obligations so issued, and for that purpose the Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to use as a public debt transaction the proceeds from the sale of any securities issued under chapter 31 of title 31, United States Code, and the purposes for which securities may be issued under such chapter are extended to include purchases of obligations issued under this sub section.
(d) Upon the transfer required in title I of the Department of Housing and Urban Development-Independent Agencies Appropriation Act, 1984, each obligation issued by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development to the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to section 407(a) or 717(b) of title IV or title VII, respectively, together with any promise to repay the principal and unpaid interest which has accrued on each obligation, and any other term or condition specified by each such obligation, is canceled.
(e) Title IV, except for sections 408, 411, 413, 414, and 416, and part B of title VII, except for sections 724, 725, 726, and subsections (b) through (e) of section 727, are hereby repealed. Section 717 of title VII shall remain in effect until completion of the transfer required in title I of the Department of Housing and Urban Development-Independent Agencies Appropriation Act, 1984. Any actions taken, prior to repeal, under the authority of any of the sections which are repealed by this section shall continue to be valid. Nothing in this subsection shall impair the validity of any guaran tees which have been made pursuant to title IV or title VII and any such guarantees shall continue to be governed by the provisions of the title IV or title VII, as applicable, as they existed immediately before the date of the enactment of this Act.
Approved November 30, 1983.
EXCERPT FROM HOUSING AND URBAN-RURAL RECOVERY ACT OF 1983
[Public Law 98-181; 97 Stat. 1153, 1172; 42 U.S.C. 5318 note]
NEIGHBORHOOD DEVELOPMENT DEMONSTRATION
SEC. 123. (a) For the purposes of this section:
(1) The term "eligible neighborhood development activity"
(A) creating permanent jobs in the neighborhood;
(B) establishing or expanding businesses within the neighborhood;
(C) developing, rehabilitating, or managing neighborhood housing stock;
(D) developing delivery mechanisms for essential services that have lasting benefit to the neighborhood; or
(E) planning, promoting, or financing voluntary neighborhood improvement efforts.
(2) The term "eligible neighborhood development organization" means—
(A) an entity organized as a private, voluntary, nonprofit corporation under the laws of the State in which it operates;
(B) an organization that is responsible to residents of its neighborhood through a governing body, not less than 51 per centum of the members of which are residents of the area served;
(C) an organization that has conducted business for at least three years prior to the date of application for participation;
(D) an organization that operates within an area that meets the requirements for Federal assistance under section 119 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974; and
(E) an organization that conducts one or more eligible neighborhood development activities that have as their primary beneficiaries low- and moderate-income persons, as defined in section 102(a)(2) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974.
(3) The term "Secretary" means the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
(b)(1) The Secretary shall carry out, in accordance with this section, a demonstration program to determine the feasibility of supporting eligible neighborhood development activities by providing Federal matching funds to eligible neighborhood development organizations on the basis of the monetary support such organizations have received from individuals, businesses, and nonprofit or other organizations in their neighborhoods prior to receiving assistance under this section.
(2) The Secretary shall accept applications from eligible neighborhood development organizations for participation in the demonstration program. Eligible organizations may participate in more than one year of the program, but shall be required to submit a new application and to compete in the selection process for each program