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(c) In the performance of, with respect to, the functions, powers, and duties vested in the Secretary by this title, the Secretary shall
(1) have the power, notwithstanding any other provision of law, whether before or after default, to provide by contract or otherwise for the extinguishment upon default of any redemption, equitable, legal, or other right, title in any mortgage, deed, trust, or other instrument held by or held on behalf of the Secretary under the provisions of this title; and
(2) have the power to foreclose on any property or commence any action to protect or enforce any right conferred upon the Secretary by law, contract, or other agreement, and bid for and purchase at any foreclosure or other sale any property in connection with which assistance has been provided pursuant to this title. In the event of any such acquisition, the Secretary may, notwithstanding any other provision of law relating to the acquisition, handling, or disposal of real property by the United States, complete, remodel and convert, dispose of, lease, and otherwise deal with, such property. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary also shall have power to pursue to final collection by way of compromise or otherwise all claims acquired by him in connection with any security, subrogation, or other rights obtained by him in administering this title.
AUTHORIZATION AND EXPIRATION DATE
SEC. 109. (a) There are authorized to be appropriated for purposes of this title such sums as may be necessary, except that the funds authorized to be appropriated for section 106 shall not exceed $500,000,000. Any amounts so appropriated shall remain available until expended.
(b) No loans or advance of credit shall be insured and no emergency mortgage relief payments made under this title after September 30, 1977, except if such loan or advance or such payments are made with respect to a mortgagor receiving the benefit of a loan or advance insured, or emergency mortgage relief payments made, under this title on such date.
SEC. 110. Each Federal supervisory agency with respect to financial institutions subject to its jurisdiction, and the Secretary, with respect to other approved mortgagees, shall (1) prior to October 1, 1977, take appropriate action, not inconsistent with laws relating to the safety or soundness of such institutions or mortgagee, as the case may be, to waive or relax limitations pertaining to the operations of such institutions or mortgagees with respect to mortgage delinquencies in order to cause or encourage forebearance in residential mortgage loan foreclosures, and (2) until one year from the date of enactment of this title, request each such institution or mortgagee to notify that Federal supervisory agency, the Secretary, and the mortgagor, at least thirty days prior to instituting foreclosure proceedings in connection with any mortgage loan. As used in this title the term "Federal supervisory agency" means the Board
of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Board of Directors of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Comptroller of the Currency, the Federal Home Loan Bank Board, the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation, and the National Credit Union Administration.
SEC. 111. Within sixty days after enactment of this title and within each sixty-day period thereafter prior to October 1, 1977, the Secretary shall make a report to the Congress on (1) the current rate of deliquencies and foreclosures in the housing market areas of the country which should be of immediate concern if the purposes of this title is to be achieved; (2) the extent of, and prospect for continuance of, voluntary forebearance by mortgagees in such housing market areas; (3) actions being taken by governmental agencies to encourage forebearance by mortgages in such housing market areas; (4) actions taken and actions likely to be taken with respect to making assistance under this title available to alleviate hardships resulting from any serious rates of delinquencies and foreclosures; and (5) the current default status and projected default trends with respect to mortgages covering multifamily properties with special attention to mortgages insured under the various provisions of the National Housing Act and with recommendations on how such defaults and prospective defaults may be be cured or avoided in a manner which, while giving weight to the financial interests of the United States, takes into full consideration the urgent needs of the many low- and moderate-income families that current occupy such multifamily properties.
NONAPPLICABILITY OF OTHER LAWS
SEC. 112. Notwithstanding any provision of law which limits the nature, amount, term, form, or rate of interest, or the nature, amount, or form of security of loans or advances of credit, loans, or advances of credit may be made in accordance with the provisions of this title without regard to such provision of law.
FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION ADVANCES
SEC. 113. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation is authorized, upon such terms and conditions as the Corporations may prescribe, to make such advances to any insured bank as the Corporation determines may be necessary or appropriate to facilitate participation by such bank in the program authorized by this title. For the purpose of obtaining such funds as it determines are necessary for such advances, the Corporation may borrow from the Treasury as authorized in section 14 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1824; 64 Stat. 890), and the Secretary of the Treasury is authorized and directed to make loans to the Corporation for such purpose in the same manner as loans may be made for insurance purposes under such section, subject to the maximum limitation on outstanding aggregate loans there provided.
Approved July 2, 1975.
EXCERPT FROM HOUSING AND URBAN-RURAL RECOVERY ACT OF 1983
[Public Law 98-181; 97 Stat. 1237; 12 U.S.C. 1701p-1]
PERIODIC REPORT ON RESIDENTIAL MORTGAGE DELINQUENCIES AND
SEC. 469. As soon as practicable following the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, with the cooperation of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, and the Comptroller of the Currency, shall develop a method of accurately reporting to the Congress on a periodic basis with respect to residential mortgage delinquencies and foreclosures. Each such report shall include information with respect to the number of residential mortgage foreclosures, and the number of sixty- and ninety-day residential mortgage delinquencies, in the Nation and in each State.
Approved November 30, 1983.
EXCERPT FROM HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
[Public Law 97-35; 95 Stat. 357, 422; 12 U.S.C. 3701-3717]
PART 6-MULTIFAMILY MORTGAGE FORECLOSURE
SEC. 361. This part may be cited as the "Multifamily Mortgage Foreclosure Act of 1981".
FINDINGS AND PURPOSE
SEC. 362. (a) The Congress finds that—
(1) disparate State laws under which the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development forecloses real estate mortgages which the Secretary holds pursuant to title II of the National Housing Act or section 312 of the Housing Act of 1964 covering multiunit residential and nonresidential properties burden the programs administered by the Secretary pursuant to these authorities, and cause detriment to the residents of the affected projects and the community generally;
(2) long periods to complete the foreclosure of these mortgages under certain State laws lead to deterioration in the condition of the properties involved; necessitate substantial Federal management and holding expenditures; increase the risk of vandalism, fire loss, depreciation, damage, and waste with respect to the properties; and adversely affect the residents of the projects and the neighborhoods in which the properties are located;
(3) these conditions seriously impair the Secretary's ability to protect the Federal financial interest in the affected properties and frustrate attainment of the objectives of the underlying Federal program authorities, as well as the national housing goal of "a decent home and a suitable living environment for every American family";
(4) application of State redemption periods to these mortgages following their foreclosure would impair the saleability of the properties involved and discourage their rehabilitation and improvement, thereby compounding the problems referred to in clause (3);
(5) the availability of a uniform and more expeditious procedure for the foreclosure of these mortgages by the Secretary and continuation of the practice of not applying postsale redemption periods to such mortgages will tend to ameliorate these conditions; and
(6) providing the Secretary with a nonjudicial foreclosure procedure will reduce unnecessary litigation by removing many foreclosures from the courts where they contribute to overcrowded calendars.
(b) The purpose of this part is to create a uniform Federal foreclosure remedy for multiunit residential and nonresidential mortgages held by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
pursuant to title II of the National Housing Act or section 312 of the Housing Act of 1964.
SEC. 363. As used in this part
(1) "mortgage" means a deed of trust, mortgage, deed to secure debt, security agreement, or any other form of instrument under which any interest in property, real, personal or mixed, or any interest in property including leaseholds, life estates, reversionary interests, and any other estates under applicable State law, is conveyed in trust, mortgaged, encumbered, pledged, or otherwise rendered subject to a lien, for the purpose of securing the payment of money or the performance of an obligation;
(2) "multifamily mortgage" means a mortgage held by the Secretary pursuant to title II of the National Housing Act or section 312 of the Housing Act of 1964 covering any property, except a property on which there is located a one- to fourfamily residence;
(3) "mortgage agreement" means the note or debt instrument and the mortgage instrument, deed of trust instrument, trust deed, or instrument or instruments creating the mortgage, including any instrument incorporated by reference therein (including any applicable regulatory agreement), and any instrument or agreement amending or modifying any of the foregoing;
(4) "mortgagor" means the obligor, grantor, or trustor named in the mortgage agreement and, unless the contest otherwise indicates, includes the current owner of record of the security property whether or not personally liable on the mortgage debt;
(5) "person" includes any individual, group of individuals, association, partnership, corporation, or organization;
(6) "record" and "recorded" include "register" and "registered" in the instance of registered land;
(7) "security property" means the property, real, personal or mixed, or an interest in property, including leaseholds, life estates, reversionary interests, and any other estates under applicable State law, together with fixtures and other interests subject to the lien of the mortgage under applicable State law; (8) "State" means the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the territories and possessions of the United States, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and Indian tribes as defined by the Secretary; (9) "county" means county as defined in section 2 of title I, United States Code; and
(10) "Secretary" means the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
SEC. 364. Multifamily mortgages held by the Secretary encumbering real estate located in any State may be foreclosed by the Secretary in accordance with this part, or pursuant to other foreclosure