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EXCERPT FROM HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT ACT OF 1977
[Public Law 95-128; 91 Stat. 1149; 42 U.S.C. 3540]
SEC. 904. (a) Beginning in calendar year 1979, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall prepare and publish annually prototype housing costs for one- to four-family dwelling units for each housing market area in the United States, as determined by the Secretary. Prototype housing costs for an area shall be determined on the basis of the Secretary's identification and estimate of reasonable construction and other costs (including reasonable allowances for the cost of land and site improvements) for that area of various types and sizes of new one- to four-family dwelling units designed for various segments of the housing market of the area, as determined by the Secretary. In determining prototype housing costs, the Secretary is authorized to take into account the need for durability required for economic maintenance of housing, the need for amenities suitable to assure a safe and healthy family life and neighborhood environment, the application of good design and quality in architecture, and the need for maximum conservation of energy, as well as the advice and recommendations of local housing producers.
(b) The Secretary is authorized to take such action as may be necessary to develop, aggregate, and evaluate data and other information required for the timely development, implementation, and maintenance of the prototype housing cost system referred to in subsection (a).
Approved October 12, 1977.
EXCERPT FROM EMERGENCY HOUSING ACT OF 1975
[Public Law 94-50; 89 Stat. 249; 12 U.S.C. 2701-2712]
SECTION 1. That this Act may be cited as the "Emergency Housing Act of 1975".
TITLE I-EMERGENCY MORTGAGE RELIEF
SEC. 101. This title may be cited as the "Emergency Homeowners' Relief Act."
FINDINGS AND PURPOSE
SEC. 102. (a) The Congress finds that—
(1) the Nation is in a severe recession and that the sharp downturn in economic activity has driven large numbers of workers into unemployment and has reduced the incomes of many others;
(2) as a result of these adverse economic conditions the capacity of many homeowners to continue to make mortgage payments has deteriorated and may further deteriorate in the months ahead, leading to the possibility of widespread mortgage foreclosures and distress sales of homes; and
(3) many of these homeowners could retain their homes with temporary financial assistance until economic conditions improve.
(b) It is the purpose of this title to provide a standby authority which will prevent widespread mortgage foreclosures and distress sales of homes resulting from the temporary loss of employment and income through a program of emergency loans and advances and emergency mortgage relief payments to homeowners to defray mortgage expenses.
MORTGAGES ELIGIBLE FOR ASSISTANCE
SEC. 103. No assistance shall be extended with respect to any mortgage under this title unless
(1) the holder of the mortgage has indicated to the mortgagor its intention to foreclose;
(2) the mortgagor and holder of the mortgage have indicated in writing to the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (hereinafter referred to as the "Secretary") and to any agency or department of the Federal Government responsible for the regulation of the holder that circumstances (such as the volume of delinquent loans in its portfolio) make it probable that there will be a foreclosure and that the mortgagor is in need of emergency mortgage relief as authorized by this title, except that such statement by the holder of the mortgage may be waived by the Secretary if in his judgment such waiver would further the purposes of this title;
(3) payments under the mortgage have been delinquent for at least three months;
(4) the mortgagor has incurred a substantial reduction in income as a result of involuntary unemployment or underemployment due to adverse economic conditions and is financially unable to make full mortgage payments;
(5) there is a reasonable prospect that the mortgagor will be able to make the adjustments necessary for a full resumption of mortgage payments; and
(6) the mortgaged property is the principal residence of the mortgagor.
LIMITS OF ASSISTANCE
SEC. 104. (a) Assistance under this title with respect to a mortgage which meets the requirements of section 103 may be provided in the form of emergency mortgage relief loans and advances of credit insured pursuant to section 105 or in the form of emergency mortgage relief payments made by the Secretary pursuant to section 106.
(b) Assistance under this title on behalf of a homeowner may be made available in an amount up to the amount of the principal, interest, taxes, ground rents, hazard insurance, and mortgage insurance premiums due under the homeowner's mortgage, but such assistance shall not exceed the lesser of $250 per month or the amount determined to be reasonably necessary to supplement such amount as the homeowner is capable of contributing toward such mortgage payment.
(c) Monthly payments may be provided under this title either with the proceeds of an insured loan or advance of credit or with emergency mortgage relief payments for up to twelve months, and, in accordance with criteria prescribed by the Secretary, such monthly payments may be extended once for up to twelve additional months. A mortgagor receiving the benefit of mortgage relief assistance pursuant to this title shall be required, in accordance, with criteria prescribed by the Secretary, to report any increase in income which will permit a reduction or termination of such assistance during this period.
(d) Emergency loans or advances of credit made and insured under section 105, and emergency mortgage relief payments made under section 106, shall be repayable by the homeowner upon such terms and conditions as the Secretary shall prescribe, except that interest on a loan or advance of credit insured under section 105 or emergency mortgage relief payments made under section 106 shall not be charged at a rate which exceeds the maximum interest rate applicable with respect to mortgages insured pursuant to section 203 b) of the National Housing Act.
(e) The Secretary may provide for the deferral of the commencement of the repayment of a loan or advance insured under section 105 or emergency mortgage relief payments made under section 106 until one year following the date of the last disbursement of the proceeds of the loan or advance or payments or for such longer period as the Secretary determines would further the purpose of this title. The Secretary shall by regulation require such security for the repayment of insured loans or advances of credit or emergency mortgage relief payments as he deems appropriate and may
require that such repayment be secured by a lien on the mortgaged property.
EMERGENCY MORTGAGE RELIEF LOANS AND ADVANCES
SEC. 105. (a) The Secretary is authorized, upon such terms and conditions as the Secretary may prescribe, to insure banks, trust companies, finance companies, mortgage companies, savings and loan associations, insurance companies, credit unions, and such other financial institutions, which the Secretary finds to be qualified by experience and facilities and approves as eligible for insurance, against losses which they may sustain as a result of emergency loans or advances of credit made in accordance with the provisons of section 104 and this section with respect to mortgages eligible for assistance under this title.
(b) In no case shall the insurance granted by the Secretary under this section to any financial institution on loans and advances made by such financial institution for the purposes of this title exceed 40 per centum of the total amount of such loans and advances made by the institution, except that, with respect to any individual loan or advance of credit, the amount of any claim for loss on such individual loan or advance of credit paid by the Secretary under the provision of this section shall not exceed 90 per centum of such loss.
(c) The Secretary is authorized to fix a premium charge or charges for the insurance granted under this section, but in the case of any loan or advance credit, such charge or charges shall not exceed an amount equivalent to one-half of 1 per centum per annum of the principal obligation of such loan or advance of credit outstanding at any time.
(d) The Secretary is authorized and empowered to waive compliance with any rule or regulation prescribed by the Secretary for the purposes of this section if, in the Secretary's judgment, the enforcement of such rule or regulation would impose an injustice upon an insured lending institution which has substantially complied with such regulations in good faith. Any payment for loss made to an insured financial institution under this section shall be final and incontestable after two years from the date the claim was certified for payment by the Secretary, in the absence of fraud or misrepresentation on the part of such institution unless a demand for repurchase of the obligation shall have been made on behalf of the United States prior to the expiration of such two-year period. The Secretary is authorized to transfer to any financial institution approved for insurance under this title any insurance in connection with any loan which may be sold to it by another insured financial institution.
(e) The aggregate amount of loans and advances insured under this section shall not exceed $1,500,000,000 at any one time.
EMERGENCY MORTGAGE RELIEF PAYMENTS
SEC. 106. (a) In the case of any mortgagee which would otherwise be eligible to participate in the program authorized under section 105 but does not qualify for an advance or advances as authorized by section 113 of this title or under section 10, 10b, or 11 of the
Federal Home Loan Bank Act or otherwise elects not to participate in the program authorized under section 105, the Secretary is authorized to make repayable emergency mortgage relief payments directly to such mortgagee on behalf of homeowners whose mortgages are held by such financial institution and who are delinquent in their mortgage payments.
(b) Emergency mortgage relief payments shall be made under this section only with respect to a mortgage which meets the requirements of section 103 and only on such terms and conditions as the Secretary may prescribe, subject to the provisions of section 104.
(c) The Secretary may make such delegations and accept such certifications with respect to the processing of mortgage relief payments provided under this section as he deems appropriate to facilitate the prompt and efficient implementation of the assistance authorized under this section.
EMERGENCY HOMEOWNERS' RELIEF FUND
SEC. 107. (a) To carry out the purposes of this title, the Secretary is authorized to establish in the Treasury of the United States an Emergency Homeowners' Relief Fund (hereinafter in this title referred to as the "fund") which shall be available to the Secretary without fiscal year limitation
(1) for making payments in connection with defaulted loans or advances of credit insured under section 105 of this title; (2) for making emergency mortgage relief payments under section 106 of this title;
(3) to pay such administrative expenses (or portion of such expenses) of carrying out the provisions of this title as the Secretary may deem necessary.
(b) The fund shall be credited with
(1) all amounts received by the Secretary as premium charges for insurance or as repayment for emergency mortgage relief payments under this title and all receipts, earnings, collections, or proceeds derived from any claim or other assets acquired by the Secretary under this Act; and
(2) such amounts as may be appropriated for the purposes of this title.
AUTHORITY OF THE SECRETARY
SEC. 108. (a) The Secretary is authorized to make such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this title.
(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law relating to the acquisition, handling, improvement, or disposal of real or other property by the United States, the Secretary shall have power, for the protection of the interest of the fund authorized under this title, to pay out of such fund all expenses or charges in connection with the acquisition, handling, improvement, or disposal of any property, real or personal, acquired by the Secretary as a result of recoveries under security, subrogation, or other rights.