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BUILDERS WARRANTY-FHA HOUSING
EXCERPT FROM HOUSING ACT OF 1954
[Public Law 560, 83d Congress; 68 Stat. 590, 642; 12 U.S.C. 1701j] SEC. 801. (a) The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development is hereby authorized and directed to require that, in connection with any property upon which there is located a dwelling designed principally for not more than a four-family residence and which is approved for mortgage insurance prior to the beginning of construction, the seller or builder, and such other person as may be required by the said Secretary to become warrantor, shall deliver to the purchaser or owner of such property a warranty that the dwelling is constructed in substantial conformity with the plans and specifications (including any amendments thereof, or changes and variations therein, which have been approved in writing by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development) on which the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development based his valuation of the dwelling: Provided, That the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall deliver to the builder, seller, or other warrantor his written approval (which shall be conclusive evidence of such approval) of any amendment of, or change or variation in, such plans and specifications which the Secretary deems to be a substantial amendment thereof, or change or variation therein, and shall file a copy of such written approval with such plans and specifications: Provided further, That such warranty shall apply only with respect to such instances of substantial nonconformity to such approved plans and specifications (including any amendment thereof, or changes or variations therein, which have been approved in writing, as provided herein, by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development) as to which the purchaser or homeowner has given written notice to the warrantor within one year from the date of conveyance of title to, or initial occupancy of, the dwelling, whichever first occurs: Provided further, That such warranty shall be in addition to, and not in derogation of, all other rights and privileges which such purchaser or owner may have under any other law or instrument: And provided further, That the provisions of this section shall apply to any such property covered by a mortgage insured by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development on and after October 1, 1954, unless such mortgage is insured pursuant to a commitment therefor made prior to October 1, 1954.
(b) The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development is further directed to permit copies of the plans and specifications (including written approvals of any amendments thereof, or changes or variations therein, as provided herein) for dwellings in connection with which warranties are required by subsection (a) of this section to be made available in their appropriate local offices for inspection or for copying by any purchaser, homeowner, or warrantor during such hours or periods of time as the said Secretary may determine to be reasonable.
Approved August 2, 1954.
EXCERPT FROM HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT ACT OF 1970
[Public Law 91-609; 84 Stat. 1770, 1814; 12 U.S.C. 1709-2]
SEC. 912. Whoever, with intent to defraud, willfully engages in a pattern or practice of―
(1) purchasing one- to four-family dwellings which are subject to a loan in default at time of purchase or in default within one year subsequent to the purchase and the loan is secured by a mortgage or deed of trust insured or held by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development or guaranteed by the Veterans' Administration, or the loan is made by the Veterans' Administration,
(2) failing to make payments under the mortgage or deed of trust as the payments become due, and
(3) applying or authorizing the application of rents from such dwellings for his own use,
shall be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned not more than three years, or both. This section shall apply to a purchaser of such a dwelling, or a beneficial owner under any business organization or trust purchasing such dwelling, or to an officer, director, or agent of any such purchaser. Nothing in this section shall apply to the purchaser of only one such dwelling.
Approved December 31, 1970.
EXCERPT FROM THE HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT ACT OF
[Public Law 93-383; 88 Stat. 633; 12 U.S.C. 17011-1]
MORTGAGE PROCEEDS FRAUDULENTLY MISAPPROPRIATED BY
SEC. 819. The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall take action to secure the payment of any deficiency after foreclosure on a mortgage insured or assisted under Federal law where the Secretary has reason to believe that mortgage proceeds have been fraudulently misappropriated by the mortgagor.
Approved August 22, 1974.
INSURANCE OF BMIR AND SECTION 202 MORTGAGES
EXCERPT FROM HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT ACT OF 1968
[Public Law 90-448; 82 Stat. 476; 12 U.S.C. 1701u]
TITLE II-RENTAL HOUSING FOR LOWER INCOME FAMILIES
RENTAL AND COOPERATIVE HOUSING FOR LOWER INCOME FAMILIES
SEC. 201. (a) Title II of the National Housing Act is amended by adding after section 235 (as added by section 101 of this Act) the following new section:
(c) The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development is authorized, upon such terms and conditions as he may prescribe, to transfer to section 236(j) of the National Housing Act the insurance of a mortgage which has not been finally endorsed for insurance under section 221(d)(3) of such Act and which has been approved for the below-market interest rate prescribed in the proviso of section 221(d)(5) of such Act.
(d) The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development is authorized, upon such terms and conditions as he may prescribe, to insure under section 236(j) of the National Housing Act a mortgage meeting the requirements of such section which is given to refinance a mortgage loan made under section 202 of the Housing Act of 1959: Provided, That the application for such insurance is filed with the Secretary on or before the date of project completion, or within such reasonable time thereafter as the Secretary may permit.
Approved August 1, 1968.
MINIMUM PROPERTY STANDARDS-MASONRY
EXCERPT FROM HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
[Public Law 96-153; 93 Stat. 1119]
INVALIDATION OF HUD INCREASES IN THERMAL REQUIREMENTS
SEC. 322. The final rule revision 6A of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (entitled "Increases in Thermal Requirements for HUD Minimum Property Standards" and contained in the Federal Register, volume 44, number 74, April 16, 1979, 24 CFR Part 200) is hereby disapproved and invalidated insofar as it applies to masonry construction.
Approved December 21, 1979.
EXCERPT FROM HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT ACT OF 1980
[Public Law 96-399; 94 Stat. 1614]
EXTENSION OF HUD MINIMUM PROPERTY STANDARDS; LOCAL
SEC. 331. (a) Until the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development submits the report required by subsection (b) to the Congress, any final rule published for effect by the Secretary pertaining to increases in thermal requirements for the Department of Housing and Urban Development's minimum property standards shall provide for the continuation of any local acceptable standards exemptions, approved by the Secretary prior to May 31, 1979, which are applicable to masonry construction.
(b) The Secretary shall conduct an analysis and, on August 1, 1981, report to Congress on the cost of construction, heating, and cooling masonry, frame, log, and other buildings that comply with the increased thermal requirements and on the competitive economic impact of applying such increased thermal standards or permitting any exemptions from them.
(c) If such analysis shows there is an economic justification for any exemption from the thermal standards, an appropriate exemption for a specific construction type in a specific geographical location may be provided by the Secretary.
Approved October 8, 1980.