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extent required by the Secretary, in accordance with the provisions of subsection (b) of this section.
(2) For purpose of this subsection—
(i) The terms "Armed Forces", "one of the military departments of the United States", "military department", "Secretary of Defense or his designee", and "Secretary", when used in subsections (a) and (b) of this section, shall be deemed to refer to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (or the Administrator thereof), or the Atomic Energy Commission (or the Chairman thereof), as may be appropriate;
(ii) The term "Secretary of the Army, Navy, or Air Force", when used in section 805, shall be deemed to refer to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration or the Administrator thereof, as may be appropriate;
(iii) The terms "civilian employee", "civilians", and "civilian personnel", as used in this section, shall be deemed to refer to (A) employees of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration or a contractor thereof or to military personnel assigned to duty at an installation of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, or (B) persons employed at or in connection with any research or development installation of the Atomic Energy Commission, as the case may be; and
(iv) The term "military installation" when used in section 805 shall be deemed to refer to an installation of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
SEC. 810. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of this title, the Secretary may insure and make commitments to insure any mortgage under this section which meets the eligibility requirements hereinafter set forth.
(b) No mortgage shall be insured under this section unless (1) the housing which is covered by the insured mortgage is necessary in the interest of national security in order to provide adequate housing for (A) military personnel and essential civilian personnel serving or employed in connection with any installation of one of the armed services of the United States, or (B) essential personnel employed or assigned to duty at or in connection with any research or development installation of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration or of the Atomic Energy Commission, (2) there is no present intention to curtail substantially the number of such personnel assigned or to be assigned to the installation, (3) adequate housing is not available for such personnel at reasonable rentals within reasonable commuting distances of such installations, and (4) the mortgaged property will not so far as can be reasonably foreseen substantially curtail occupancy in any existing housing in the vicinity of the installation which is covered by mortgages insured under this Act.
(c) The Secretary may accept any mortgage for insurance under this section without regard to any requirement in any other section of this Act that the property or project be economically sound.
(d) The Secretary shall require each project covered by a mortgage insured under this section to be held for rental for a period of not less than five years after the project or dwelling is made available for initial occupancy or until he finds that the housing may be released from such rental condition. The Secretary shall prescribe
such procedures as in his judgment are necessary to secure reasonable preference or priority in the sale or rental of dwellings covered by a mortgage insured under this section for military personnel and essential civilian employees of the armed services, employees of contractors for the armed services and persons described in clause (1)(B) of subsection (b) of this section.
(e) For the purpose of providing multifamily rental housing projects or housing projects consisting of individual single-family dwellings for sale, the Secretary is authorized to insure mortgages (including advances on such mortgages during construction) which cover property held by a mortgagor approved by the Secretary. Any such mortgagor shall possess powers necessary therefor and incidental thereto and shall until the termination of all obligations of the Secretary under such insurance be regulated or restricted as to rents or sales, charges, capital structure, rate of return, and methods of operation to such extent and in such manner as to provide reasonable rentals to tenants and a reasonable return on the investment. The Secretary may make such contracts with, and acquire for not to exceed $100 such stock or interest in, any such mortgagor as he may deem necessary to render effective such restriction or regulation. Such stock or interest shall be paid for out of the General Insurance Fund, and shall be redeemed by the mortgagor at par upon the termination of all obligations of the Secretary under the insurance.
(f) To be eligible for insurance under this section, a mortgage on any multifamily rental property or project shall involve a principal obligation in an amount not to exceed, for such part of such property or project as may be attributable to dwelling use, $9,000 per family unit without a bedroom, $12,500 per family unit with one bedroom, $15,000 per family unit with two bedrooms, and $18,500 per family unit with three or more bedrooms and not to exceed 90 per centum of the estimated value of the property or project when the proposed physical improvements are completed. The Secretary may, by regulation, increase any of the foregoing dollar amount limitations contained in this paragraph by not to exceed 45 per centum in any geographical area where he finds that cost levels so require.
(g) To be eligible for insurance under this section a mortgage on any property or project constructed for eventual sale or singlefamily dwellings, shall involve a principal obligation in an amount not to exceed a sum computed on the basis of a separate mortgage for each single-family dwelling (irrespective of whether such dwelling has a party wall or is otherwise physically connected with another dwelling or dwellings) comprising the property, or project equal to the total of each of the maximum principal obligations of such mortgages which would meet the requirements of section 203(b)(2) of this Act if the mortgagor were the owner and occupant who had made the required payment on account of the property prescribed in such paragraph.
(h) Any mortgage insured under this section shall provide for complete amortization by periodic payments within such terms as the Secretary may prescribe but not to exceed the maximum term applicable to mortgages under section 207 of this Act and shall bear interest (exclusive of premium charges for insurance) at not to
exceed the rate applicable to mortgages insured under section 207, except that individual mortgages of the character described in subsection (g) covering the individual dwellings in the project may have a term not in excess of the maximum term applicable to mortgages insured under section 203 of this Act or the unexpired term of the project mortgage at the time of the release of the mortgaged property from such project mortgage, whichever is the greater, and shall bear interest at not to exceed the rate applicable to mortgages insured under section 203. The Secretary may consent to the release of a part or parts of the mortgaged property from the lien of the mortgage upon such terms and conditions as he may prescribe and the mortgage may provide for such release, and a mortgage of the character described in subsection (g) of this section may provide that, at any time after the release of the project from the rental period prescribed by subsection (d), such mortgage may be replaced, in whole or in part, by individual mortgages covering each individual dwelling in the project in amounts not to exceed the unpaid balance of the blanket mortgage allocable to the individual property. Each such individual mortgage may be insured under this section. Property covered by a mortgage insured under this section may include eight or more family units and may include such commercial and community facilities as the Secretary deems adequate to serve the occupants.
(i) The aggregate number of dwelling units (including all units in multifamily projects or individual dwellings) covered by outstanding commitments to insure and mortgages insured under this section shall at no time exceed five thousand dwelling units.
(j) The provisions of subsections (d), (e), (g), (h), (i), (j), (k), (1), and (n) of section 207 of this title shall be applicable to mortgages insured under this section except individual mortgages of the character described in subsection (g) of this section covering the individual dwellings in the project, and as to such individual mortgages the provisions of subsections (a), (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), (h), (j), and (k) of section 204 shall be applicable: Provided, That wherever the word "Fund", or "Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund" appear in section 204, such reference shall refer to the General Insurance Fund with respect to mortgages insured under this section.
(k) The provisions of sections 801, 802, 803(c), 803(i), 803(j), 804(a), 804(b), and 807 and the provisions of section 803(a) relating to the aggregate amount of all mortgages insured under this title shall be applicable to mortgages insured under this section. No more mortgages shall be insured under this section after September 30, 1985, except pursuant to a commitment to insure before such date. (1) [Repealed.]
SEC. 811. (a) The Secretary is authorized to make payments in lieu of taxes on any real property to which title has been or is hereafter acquired by him in fee under section 803 as effective prior to August 11, 1955, and on which taxes or payments in lieu of such taxes were payable or paid prior to acquisition by the Secretary. Such payments may be made in connection with tax years occuring prior to or subsequent to the date of the enactment of this section. The amount of any such payments shall not exceed taxes on similar property and shall not include interest or penalties. If the Secretary has acquired or hereafter acquires title in fee to real
property by foreclosure or by transfer from some other department or agency of the Government or otherwise during a tax year, he may make a payment in lieu of taxes prorated for that portion of the year remaining after his acquisition of title. This subsection shall not authorize any lien against property held by the Secretary, nor the payment of any tax, nor any payment in lieu of any tax, on any interest of the Secretary as lessee or mortgagee.
(b) Nothing in this title shall be construed to exempt any real property which has been or is hereafter acquired and held by the Secretary under section 809 or 810 from taxation by any State or political subdivision thereof, to the same extent, according to its value, as other real property is taxed.
TITLE IX-NATIONAL DEFENSE HOUSING INSURANCE
[NOTE.-Title IX of the National Housing Act provides a new mortgage insurance program designed to encourage the production of housing in critical defense housing areas.]
TITLE X-MORTGAGE INSURANCE FOR LAND
SEC. 1001. As used in this title
(a) the term "mortgage" means a lien or liens on real estate in fee simple, or on a leasehold (1) under a lease for not less than ninety-nine years which is renewable, or (2) under a lease having a period of not less than fifty years to run from the date the mortgage was executed;
(b) the term "first mortgage" includes such classes of first lien as are commonly given to secure advances (including but not limited to advances during construction) on, or the unpaid purchase price of, real estate under the laws of the State in which the real estate is located, together with the credit instrument or instruments, if any, secured thereby, and may be in the form of trust mortgages or mortgage indentures or deeds of trusts securing notes, bonds, or other credit instruments;
(c) the terms "mortgagor", and "State" have the same meaning as section 207 of this Act;
(d) the term "improvements" means waterlines and water supply installations, sewerlines and sewage disposal installation, steam, gas, and electric lines and installations, roads, streets, curbs, gutters, sidewalks, storm drainage facilities and other installations or work whether on or off the site, which the Secretary deems necessary or desirable to prepare land primarily for residential and related uses or to provide facilities for public or common use. Related uses may include industrial uses, with sites for such uses to be in proper proportion to the size and scope of the development. The term improvements shall not include any building unless it is (1) a building which is needed in connection with a water supply or sewage disposal installation or a steam, gas, or electric line or installation, or (2) a building, other than a school, which is to be owned and maintained jointly by the property owners; and
(e) the term "land development" means the process of making, installing, or constructing improvements.
BASIC CONDITIONS FOR INSURANCE
SEC. 1002. (a) The Secretary is authorized (1) to insure upon such terms and conditions as he may prescribe, any first mortgage (including advances on such mortgage) in accordance with the provisions of this title, and (2) to make a commitment for the insurance of such mortgage prior to the date of execution of such mortgage or prior to the date of disbursement of the mortgage proceeds. No mortgage shall be insured under this title after September 30, 1985, except pursuant to a commitment to insure issued before such date. (b) The mortgage shall
(1) be executed by a mortgagor, other than a public body, approved by the Secretary;
(2) be made to and held by a mortgagee approved by the Secretary; and
(3) cover the land to be developed and the improvements to be made with the assistance of the mortgage insurance under this title, except facilities intended for public use and in public ownership.
(c) The principal obligation of the mortgage shall not exceed the sum of 80 per centum of the Secretary's estimate of the value of the land before development and 90 per centum of his estimate of the cost of such development.
(d) The mortgage shall
(1) contain repayment provisions satisfactory to the Secretary and have a maturity not to exceed ten years, or such longer maturity as the Secretary deems reasonable (A) in the case of a privately owned system for water or sewerage, and (B) in the case of a new community approved under section 1004;
(2) bear interest at such rate as may be agreed upon by the mortgagor and the mortgagee, except that the Secretary may agree to a reasonable extension of the term of a mortgage, the maturity of which is limited by this paragraph to not more than 10 years, if the Secretary determines that unusual or unforeseen circumstances make such extension necessary to avoid undue hardship to the mortgagor,
(3) contain such terms and provisions with respect to protection of the security, payment of taxes, delinquency charges, prepayment, additional and secondary liens, and other matters as the Secretary may in his discretion prescribe.
(e) A property or project to be financed by a mortgage insured under this title shall
(1) represent a good mortgage insurance risk; and
(2) involve improvements that comply with all applicable State and local governmental requirements and with minimum standards approved by the Secretary.
SEC. 1003. (a) The land development covered by a mortgage insured under this title shall be undertaken pursuant to a schedule,