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EXCERPTS FROM THE HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AMENDMENTS OF 1981
[Public Law 97-35; 95 Stat. 384]
WITHDRAWAL FROM SECTION 8 PROGRAM; CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
(b)(1) Within one year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall conduct a survey to determine the number of projects which are assisted under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 and are owned by developers or sponsors with five-year annual contributions contracts who plan to withdraw from the section 8 program when their contracts expire and who will increase rents in those projects to levels that the current residents of those projects will not be able to afford. Where such survey indicates that an owner intends to withdraw from the program, the Secretary shall notify affected residents of possible rent increases.
(c) The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, after consultation with the Attorney General, shall develop regulations to prevent possible conflicts of interest on the part of Federal, State, and local government officials with regard to participation in projects assisted under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937, and shall make such regulations effective not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act.
AMOUNTS RECOVERED FROM PHA LEGAL ACTIONS
(d)(1) The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall permit public housing agencies to retain, out of judgments obtained by them in recovering amounts wrongfully paid as a result of fraud and abuse in the housing assistance program under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937, an amount equal to the greater of (A) the legal expenses incurred in obtaining such judgments, or (B) 50 per centum of the amount actually collected on the judgments.
PAYMENT FOR DEVELOPMENT MANAGERS
SEC. 329A. The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall develop and implement a revised fee schedule for development managers of lower income housing projects assisted under the United States Housing Act of 1937 so that the percentage limitation applicable to fees chargeable in connection with smaller projects is increased to a minimum level which is practicable.
RECOGNITION OF KANSAS DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
SEC. 329D. The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall permit the Kansas Department of Economic Development to participate as a public housing agency for the purposes of programs carried out under the United States Housing Act of 1937 and as a State agency for the purpose of section 883.203 of title 24 of the Code of Federal Regulations as in effect June 1, 1981.
PURCHASE OF PHA OBLIGATIONS
SEC. 329E. In addition to any authority provided before October 1, 1981, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development may, on and after October 1, 1981, enter into contracts for periodic payments to the Federal Financing Bank to offset the costs to the Bank of purchasing obligations (as described in the first sentence of section 16(b) of the Federal Financing Bank Act of 1973) issued by local public housing agencies for purposes of financing public housing projects authorized by section 5(c) of the United States Housing Act of 1937. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, such contracts may be entered into only to the extent approved in appropriation Acts, and the aggregate amount which may be obligated over the duration of such contracts may not exceed $400,000,000. There are hereby authorized to be appropriated any amounts necessary to provide for such payments. The authority to enter into contracts under this subsection shall be in lieu of any authority (except for authority provided specifically to the Secretary before October 1, 1981) of the Secretary to enter into contracts for such purposes under section 16(b) of the Federal Financing Bank Act of 1973.
Approved August 13, 1981.
PART III-MORTGAGE INSURANCE, EMERGENCY
EXCERPTS FROM NATIONAL HOUSING ACT
[Public Law 479, 73d Congress; 48 Stat. 1246; 12 U.S.C. 1702 et seq.]
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "National Housing Act."
TITLE I-HOUSING RENOVATION AND MODERNIZATION
SECTION 1. The powers conferred by this Act shall be exercised by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (hereinafter referred to as the "Secretary").
In order to carry out the provisions of this title and titles II, III, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, and XI, the Secretary may establish such agencies, accept and utilize such voluntary and uncompensated services, utilize such Federal officers and employees, and, with the consent of the State, such State and local officers and employees, and appoint such other officers and employees as he may find necessary, and may prescribe their authorities, duties, responsibilities, and tenure and fix their compensation,.1 The Secretary may delegate any of the functions and powers conferred upon him under this title and titles II, III, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, and XI, to such officers, agents, and employees as he may designate or appoint and may make such expenditures (including expenditures for personal services and rent at the seat of government and elsewhere for law books and books of reference, and for paper, printing, and binding) as are necessary to carry out the provisions of this title and titles II, III, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, and XI without regard to any other provisions of law governing the expenditure of public funds. All such compensation, expenses, and allowances shall be paid out of funds made available by this Act: Provided, That, notwithstanding any other provisions of law except provisions of law hereafter enacted expressly in limitation hereof, all expenses of the Department of Housing and Urban Development in connection with the examination and insurance of loans or investments under any title of this Act, all properly capitalized expenditures, and other necessary expenses not attributable to general overhead in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles shall be considered nonadministrative and payable from funds made available by this Act, except that, unless made pursuant to specific authorization by
1 So in original.
the Congress therefor, expenditures made in any fiscal year pursuant to this proviso, other than the payment of insurance claims and other than expenditures (including services on a contract or fee basis, but not including other personal services) in connection with the acquisition, protection, completion, operation, maintenance, improvement, or disposition of real or personal property of the Department acquired under authority of this Act, shall not exceed 35 per centum of the income received by the Department of Housing and Urban Development from premiums and fees during the preceding fiscal year. The Secretary shall, in carrying out the provisions of this title and titles II, III, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, and XI be authorized, in his official capacity to sue and be sued in any court of competent jurisdiction, State or Federal.
INSURANCE OF FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
SEC. 2. (a) The Secretary is authorized and empowered upon such terms and conditions as he may prescribe, to insure banks, trust companies, personal finance companies, mortgage companies, building and loan associations, installment lending companies, and other such financial institutions, which the Secretary finds to be qualified by experience or facilities and approves as eligible for credit insurance, against losses which they may sustain as a result of loans and advances of credit, and purchases of obligations representing loans and advances of credit, made by them on and after July 1, 1939, and prior to October 1, 1985 for the purpose of (i) financing alterations, repairs, and improvements upon or in connection with existing structures or manufactured homes, and the building of new structures, upon urban, suburban, or rural real property (including the restoration, rehabilitation, rebuilding, and replacement of such improvements which have been damaged or destroyed by earthquake, conflagration, tornado, hurricane, cyclone, flood, or other catastrophe), by the owners thereof or by lessees of such real property under a lease expiring not less than six months after the maturity of the loan or advance of credit; and for the purpose of (ii) financing the purchase of a manufactured home to be used by the owner as his principal residence or financing the purchase of a lot on which to place such home and paying expenses reasonably necessary for the appropriate preparation of such lot, including the installation of utility connections, sanitary facilities, and paving, and the construction of a suitable pad, or financing only the acquisition of such a lot either with or without such preparation by an owner of a manufactured home; and for the purpose of financing the preservation of historic structures, and, as used in this section, the term "historic structures" means residential structures which are registered in the National Register of Historic Places or which are certified by the Secretary of the Interior to conform to National Register criteria; and the term "preservation" means restoration or rehabilitation undertaken for such purposes as are approved by the Secretary in regulations issued by him, after consulting with the Secretary of the Interior.
In no case shall the insurance granted by the Secretary under this section to any such financial institution on loans, advances of credit, and purchases made by such financial institution for such
purposes on and after July 1, 1939, exceed 10 per centum of the total amount of such loans, advances of credit, and purchases: Provided, That with respect to any loan, advance of credit, or purchase made after the effective date of the Housing Act of 1954, the amount of any claim for loss on any such individual loan, advance of credit, or purchase paid by the Secretary under the provisions of this section to a lending institution shall not exceed 90 per centum of such loss.
After the effective date of the Housing Act of 1954, (i) the Secretary shall not enter into contracts for insurance pursuant to this section except with lending institutions which are subject to the inspection and supervision of a governmental agency required by law to make periodic examinations of their books and accounts, and which the Secretary finds to be qualified by experience or facilities to make and service such loans, advances or purchases, and with such other lending institutions which the Secretary approves as eligible for insurance pursuant to this section on the basis of their credit and their experience or facilities to make and service such loans, advances or purchases; (ii) only such items as substantially protect or improve the basic livability or utility of properties_shall be eligible for financing under this section, and therefore the Secretary shall from time to time declare ineligible for financing under this section any item, product, alteration, repair, improvement, or class thereof which he determines would not substantially protect or improve the basic livability or utility of such properties, and he may also declare ineligible for financing under this section any item which he determines is especially subject to selling abuses; and (iii) the Secretary is hereby authorized and directed, by such regulations or procedures as he shall deem advisable, to prevent the use of any financial assistance under this section (1) with respect to new residential structures other than manufactured homes that have not been completed and occupied for at least six months, or (2) which would, through multiple loans, result in an outstanding aggregate loan balance with respect to the same structure exceeding the dollar amount limitation prescribed in this subsection for the type of loan involved: Provided, That this clause (iii) may in the discretion of the Secretary be waived with respect to the period of occupancy or completion of any such new residential structures. The Secretary is hereby authorized and directed, with respect to manufactured homes to be financed under this section, to (i) prescribe minimum property standards to assure the livability and durability of the manufactured home and the suitability of the site on which the manufactured home is to be located; and (ii) obtain assurances from the borrower that the manufactured home will be placed on a site which complies with the standards prescribed by the Secretary and with local zoning and other applicable local requirements.
The insurance authority provided under this section may be made available with respect to any existing manufactured home that has not been insured under this section if such home was constructed in accordance with the standards issued under the National Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards Act of 1974 and it meets standards similar to the minimum property standards applicable to existing homes insured under title II.