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PUBLIC HOUSING SECURITY
EXCEPT FROM HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
AMENDMENTS OF 1978
[Public Law 95-557; 92 Stat. 2080; 12 U.S.C. 1701Z-6]
SEC. 207. (a) This section may be cited as the "Public Housing Security Demonstration Act of 1978".
(b)(1) The Congress finds that
(A) low-income and elderly public housing residents of the Nation have suffered substantially from rising crime and violence, and are being threatened as a result of inadequate security arrangements for the prevention of physical violence, theft, burglary, and other crimes;
(B) older persons generally regard the fear of crime as the most serious problem in their lives, to the extent that onefourth of all Americans over 65 voluntarily restrict their mobility because of it;
(C) crime and the fear of crime have led some residents to move from public housing projects;
(D) an integral part of successfully providing decent, safe, and sanitary dwellings for low-income persons is to insure that the housing is secure;
(E) local public housing authorities may have inadequate security arrangements for the prevention of crime and vandalism; and
(F) action is needed to provide for the security of public housing residents and to preserve the Nation's investment in its public housing stock.
(2) It is, therefore, declared to be the policy of the United States to provide for a demonstration and evaluation of effective means of mitigating crime and vandalism in public housing projects, in order to provide a safe living environment for the residents, particularly the elderly residents, of such projects.
(c)(1) The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall promptly initiate and carry out during the fiscal year beginning on October 1, 1978, to the extent approved in appropriation Acts, a program for the development, demonstration, and evaluation of improved, innovative community anticrime and security methods, concepts and techniques which will mitigate the level of crime in public housing projects and their surrounding neighborhoods.
(2) In selecting public housing projects to receive assistance under this section, the Secretary shall assure that a broad spectrum of project types, locations and tenant populations are represented and shall consider at least the following: The extent of crime and vandalism currently existing in the project; the extent, nature and quality of community anticrime efforts in the projects. and surrounding areas; the extent, nature and quality of police and other protective services available to the projects and their tenants; the demand for public housing units in the locality, the vacancy rate, and extent of abandonment of such units; and the characteristics and needs of the public housing tenants.
(3) In selecting the anticrime and security methods, concepts and techniques to be demonstrated under this section, the Secretary
shall consider the improvement of physical security equipment or dwelling units in those projects, social and environmental design improvements, tenant awareness and volunteer programs, tenant participation and employment in providing security services, and such other measures as deemed necessary or appropriate by the Secretary. Particular attention shall be given to comprehensive community anticrime and security plans submitted by public housing authorities which (i) provide for coordination between public housing management and local law enforcement officials, or (ii) coordinate resources available to the community through programs funded by the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration, the Department of Health and Human Services, the Department of Labor, the Community Services Administration, and ACTION, or other Federal or State agencies.
(4) In carrying out the provisions of this section, the Secretary shall coordinate and jointly target resources with other agencies, particularly the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration, the Department of Health and Human Services, the Department of Labor, the Department of Justice, the Department of the Interior, the Department of Commerce, the Department of Education, ACTION, the Community Services Administration, and State and local agencies.
(5) In order to assess the impact of crime and vandalism in public housing projects, the Secretary may, as part of the Annual Housing Survey conducted by the Department of Housing and Urban Development or by other means, collect data on crime and vandalism and integrate the data collection with the victimization surveys undertaken by the Department of Justice and the Department of Commerce.
(6) The Secretary shall, to the maximum extent practicable, utilize information derived from the program authorized by this section for assisting in establishing (A) guidelines to be used by public housing authorities in determining strategies to meet the security needs of tenants of public housing projects assisted under the United States Housing Act of 1937, other than under section 8 of such Act, and (B) guidelines for improvements relating to the security of projects (and the tenants living in such projects) assisted under section 14 of such Act.
(d) The Secretary shall initiate and carry out a survey of crime and vandalism existing in the Nation's public housing projects. The survey shall include the nature, extent and impact of crime and vandalism and the nature and extent of resources currently available and employed to alleviate crime and vandalism in public housing.
(e) The Secretary shall report to the Congress not later than eighteen months after the date of enactment of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1980. Such report shall include the results of the survey on crime and vandalism in public housing; findings from the demonstration and evaluation of various methods of reducing the level of crime; and legislative recommendations, if appropriate for (A) a comprehensive program to increase security in public housing projects and (B) increasing the coordination between anticrime programs of other State and Federal agencies that
may be used by public housing authorities. Any recommendations shall include estimated costs of such programs.
(f) of the additional authority approved in appropriation Acts with respect to entering into annual contributions contracts under section 5(c) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 for the fiscal year beginning on October 1, 1978, the Secretary may utilize up to $12,000,000 of such authority in the fiscal year beginning on October 1, 1978, for the establishment of the public housing security demonstration program authorized by this section. Of the authority approved in appropriation Acts for the purpose of entering into annual contributions contracts under section 5(c) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 with respect to the fiscal year beginning on October 1, 1980, the Secretary may enter into contracts to carry out this section, except that the aggregate amount obligated over the duration of such contracts may not exceed $10,000,000.
Approved October 31, 1978.
ACCESS TO PUBLIC HOUSING AGENCIES' BOOKS (BYRD AMENDMENT)
EXCERPT FROM HOUSING ACT OF 1954
[Public Law 560; 83d Congress; 68 Stat. 590; 12 U.S.C. 1701n]
AUDITS UNDER PUBLIC HOUSING ACT OF 1937; COMPTROLLER GENERAL SEC. 816. Every contract for loans or annual contributions under the United States Housing Act of 1937, as amended, shall provide that the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development and the Comptroller General of the United States, or any of their duly authorized representatives, shall, for the purpose of audit and examination, have access to any books, documents, papers, and records of the public housing agency entering into such contract that are pertinent to its operations with respect to financial assistance under the United States Housing Act of 1937, as amended.
Approved August 2, 1954.
EXCERPT FROM HOUSING AND URBAN-RURAL RECOVERY ACT OF 1983
[Public Law 98-181; 97 Stat. 1188; 12 U.S.C. 1701z-6 note]
PUBLIC HOUSING CHILD CARE DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM
SEC. 222. (a) The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (hereinafter referred to as the "Secretary") shall carry out a demonstration program to determine the feasibility of using public housing facilities in the provision of child care services for lower income families who reside in public housing. The Secretary shall design such program to determine the extent to which the availability of child care services in lower income housing projects facilitates the employability of the heads of such families and their spouses.
(b) To carry out the demonstration under this section, the Secretary shall authorize the use of public housing agency facilities located in areas where
(1) the units of general local government have indicated that funds under title I of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 will be made available to make minor renovations to the facilities to make them suitable for use as child care facilities, and to support child care services in such facilities;
(2) the public housing agency does not have a child care services program in operation prior to the demonstration program under this section;
(3) the proposed child care services program will serve preschool children during the day, elementary school children after school, or both, in order to permit eligible persons who head the families of such children to obtain, retain, or train for employment;
(4) the proposed child care services program of such public housing agency is designed, to the extent practicable, to involve the participation of the parents of children benefiting from such program, and to employ in part-time positions elderly individuals who reside in the lower income housing project involved; and
(5) the proposed child care services program of such public housing agency will comply with all applicable State and local laws, regulations, and ordinances.
(c) The Secretary shall conduct periodic evaluations of each child care services demonstration carried out under this section for purposes of determining the effectiveness of such demonstration in providing child care services and permitting eligible persons who head lower income families and their spouses residing in public housing to obtain, retain, or train for employment.
(d) Nothing in this section may be construed as authorizing the Secretary to establish any health, safety, educational, or other standards with respect to child care services or facilities assisted with grants received under this section.
(e) Not later than the expiration of the two-year period following the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall prepare and submit to the Congress a detailed report setting forth the findings and conclusions of the Secretary as a result of carrying out the