Strange Creatures: Anthropology in Antiquity
Bloomsbury Academic, 2006 M06 8 - 185 pages
Traces the anthropological and ethnological theories of the ancient Greeks and Romans from the creation of the world to the invention of the Americas. In ancient Greek and Roman thinking, whether the world is flat or spherical it will have imaginary boundaries and liminal areas where the norms of nature and culture are thought to break down. Analogies are constantly drawn between 'primitive' peoples at the 'edges of the world' and 'primitive' people in prehistory. Distance, both in time and space, leads to difference, and the idea that strange things happen out there or happened back then dominates Greek and Roman thinking on other cultures. This book examines ancient ideas of the creation of the world, the beginnings of life and origin of species, humans and animals, utopias and blessed islands, and 'barbarian' cultures beyond the Mediterranean world, before going on to trace the influence of ancient anthropological and ethnological thought on the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.We begin with primordial chaos and end with the invention of the Americas, taking in on the way many strange creatures, among them the noble or ignoble savages of Britain, Gaul and Ireland, the Man-faced Ox-creatures of Empedocles, the Dog-heads of India, the Amazons, Centaurs, Columbus, and the Tupinamba of Brazil.
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The sounds that they uttered to each other were indeed at first obscure and
confused ; but they soon developed articulate speech , and by agreeing with one
another on symbols for the various objects they met with , they made the
They understand the speech of the Indians , but cannot respond to them ; instead
they bark and signal with their hands and fingers as do mutes . ( Ctesias , Indika ,
20 ) All of them , men and women , have a tail above their hips , like a dog ' s ...
... Nulus there are people with their feet turned backwards and with eight toes on
each foot , while on many of the mountains there is a tribe of human beings with
dog ' s heads , who wear a covering of beasts ' skins , whose speech is a bark .
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The Origin of Life and the Origin of Species
Ancient Theories of Prehistory and the Evolution of Society
Blessed Islands and Blessed Lands
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