Strange Creatures: Anthropology in Antiquity
Bloomsbury Academic, 2006 M06 8 - 185 pages
Traces the anthropological and ethnological theories of the ancient Greeks and Romans from the creation of the world to the invention of the Americas. In ancient Greek and Roman thinking, whether the world is flat or spherical it will have imaginary boundaries and liminal areas where the norms of nature and culture are thought to break down. Analogies are constantly drawn between 'primitive' peoples at the 'edges of the world' and 'primitive' people in prehistory. Distance, both in time and space, leads to difference, and the idea that strange things happen out there or happened back then dominates Greek and Roman thinking on other cultures. This book examines ancient ideas of the creation of the world, the beginnings of life and origin of species, humans and animals, utopias and blessed islands, and 'barbarian' cultures beyond the Mediterranean world, before going on to trace the influence of ancient anthropological and ethnological thought on the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.We begin with primordial chaos and end with the invention of the Americas, taking in on the way many strange creatures, among them the noble or ignoble savages of Britain, Gaul and Ireland, the Man-faced Ox-creatures of Empedocles, the Dog-heads of India, the Amazons, Centaurs, Columbus, and the Tupinamba of Brazil.
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16 Herodotus first describes Scythian animal sacrifices and then goes on to their
human sacrifices : 17 They also sacrifice prisoners of war to this akinakes ,
although the method is different from when domestic animals are the victims .
... exhibits a surprisingly objective attitude , reminiscent of Herodotus ' account of
Scythian human sacrifice . 65 When his objectivity becomes more subjective in
fact he views the process more from a Tupinamba perspective than from his own .
The Scythians indulge in human sacrifice and blood drinking , but are also noble
in the simplicity and purity of their nomadic lives . The Taurians to the south of
them sacrifice shipwrecked sailors to the Maiden , chop their heads off and stick ...
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The Origin of Life and the Origin of Species
Ancient Theories of Prehistory and the Evolution of Society
Blessed Islands and Blessed Lands
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