Strange Creatures: Anthropology in Antiquity
Bloomsbury Academic, 2006 M06 8 - 185 pages
Traces the anthropological and ethnological theories of the ancient Greeks and Romans from the creation of the world to the invention of the Americas. In ancient Greek and Roman thinking, whether the world is flat or spherical it will have imaginary boundaries and liminal areas where the norms of nature and culture are thought to break down. Analogies are constantly drawn between 'primitive' peoples at the 'edges of the world' and 'primitive' people in prehistory. Distance, both in time and space, leads to difference, and the idea that strange things happen out there or happened back then dominates Greek and Roman thinking on other cultures. This book examines ancient ideas of the creation of the world, the beginnings of life and origin of species, humans and animals, utopias and blessed islands, and 'barbarian' cultures beyond the Mediterranean world, before going on to trace the influence of ancient anthropological and ethnological thought on the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.We begin with primordial chaos and end with the invention of the Americas, taking in on the way many strange creatures, among them the noble or ignoble savages of Britain, Gaul and Ireland, the Man-faced Ox-creatures of Empedocles, the Dog-heads of India, the Amazons, Centaurs, Columbus, and the Tupinamba of Brazil.
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26A ) Here Plutarch makes a direct link between Calypso ' s island in the
Odyssey , where Odysseus is promised eternal ... Accordingly , mythologically
driven views of such islands as sacred lands must reach some accommodation
with reality ...
Even knowing the name of the inhabitants of Ireland , the Hierni , does not result
in its losing the title of the Sacred Isle ' . Further , historical explorations are used
in the rationalisation of the myth : the island lies two days sail from Britain and ...
There are two main conceptual continuations following on from the sacred
islands tradition . One as above takes us into the realms of barbaric savages , but
also into blessed lands and their noble savage inhabitants , while the other leads
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The Origin of Life and the Origin of Species
Ancient Theories of Prehistory and the Evolution of Society
Blessed Islands and Blessed Lands
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