Strange Creatures: Anthropology in Antiquity
Bloomsbury Academic, 2006 M06 8 - 185 pages
Traces the anthropological and ethnological theories of the ancient Greeks and Romans from the creation of the world to the invention of the Americas. In ancient Greek and Roman thinking, whether the world is flat or spherical it will have imaginary boundaries and liminal areas where the norms of nature and culture are thought to break down. Analogies are constantly drawn between 'primitive' peoples at the 'edges of the world' and 'primitive' people in prehistory. Distance, both in time and space, leads to difference, and the idea that strange things happen out there or happened back then dominates Greek and Roman thinking on other cultures. This book examines ancient ideas of the creation of the world, the beginnings of life and origin of species, humans and animals, utopias and blessed islands, and 'barbarian' cultures beyond the Mediterranean world, before going on to trace the influence of ancient anthropological and ethnological thought on the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.We begin with primordial chaos and end with the invention of the Americas, taking in on the way many strange creatures, among them the noble or ignoble savages of Britain, Gaul and Ireland, the Man-faced Ox-creatures of Empedocles, the Dog-heads of India, the Amazons, Centaurs, Columbus, and the Tupinamba of Brazil.
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There are many other examples of Greek - style golden age literature ; some refer only to a past golden age , but some like Vergil's fourth Eclogue predict the return of the golden age in the future . The view on the past then , driven ...
This comment could also refer to the birth of mutants in the present day . See Sedley , 2005 . 40. Susan Blundell ( 1986 , 92-3 ) explains how this limit works : " This theory of the fixity of species was seen by Lucretius as a 163 ...
... it is unclear whether this newness refers to the species as a whole or to these individuals , especially since he gives us three versions of swan metamorphosis ( 2.367-80 , 7.371-2 , 12.144-5 ) and two hyacinth aetia at 10.207 and ...
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The Origin of Life and the Origin of Species
Ancient Theories of Prehistory and the Evolution of Society
Blessed Islands and Blessed Lands
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