Strange Creatures: Anthropology in Antiquity
Bloomsbury Academic, 2006 M06 8 - 185 pages
Traces the anthropological and ethnological theories of the ancient Greeks and Romans from the creation of the world to the invention of the Americas. In ancient Greek and Roman thinking, whether the world is flat or spherical it will have imaginary boundaries and liminal areas where the norms of nature and culture are thought to break down. Analogies are constantly drawn between 'primitive' peoples at the 'edges of the world' and 'primitive' people in prehistory. Distance, both in time and space, leads to difference, and the idea that strange things happen out there or happened back then dominates Greek and Roman thinking on other cultures. This book examines ancient ideas of the creation of the world, the beginnings of life and origin of species, humans and animals, utopias and blessed islands, and 'barbarian' cultures beyond the Mediterranean world, before going on to trace the influence of ancient anthropological and ethnological thought on the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.We begin with primordial chaos and end with the invention of the Americas, taking in on the way many strange creatures, among them the noble or ignoble savages of Britain, Gaul and Ireland, the Man-faced Ox-creatures of Empedocles, the Dog-heads of India, the Amazons, Centaurs, Columbus, and the Tupinamba of Brazil.
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The earliest Greek account of cosmogony is in Hesiod's Theogony , written
perhaps around 700 BC . As the title suggests , Hesiod is concerned with
establishing the origins and genealogy of the gods , and so his cosmogony is
subsidiary to ...
Humans and gods had once lived in a state of near equality , but we have
declined through successive generations and now our only hope of salvation lies
in working the land in accordance with the will of Zeus . Once there was a Golden
With its passage , time has piled up the number of offerings dedicated to the gods
, and many and monumental are the ... The couch of the god , six cubits long and
four in width , is of solid gold and the skill of the goldsmith is refined down to ...
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The Origin of Life and the Origin of Species
Ancient Theories of Prehistory and the Evolution of Society
Blessed Islands and Blessed Lands
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