Strange Creatures: Anthropology in Antiquity
Bloomsbury Academic, 2006 M06 8 - 185 pages
Traces the anthropological and ethnological theories of the ancient Greeks and Romans from the creation of the world to the invention of the Americas. In ancient Greek and Roman thinking, whether the world is flat or spherical it will have imaginary boundaries and liminal areas where the norms of nature and culture are thought to break down. Analogies are constantly drawn between 'primitive' peoples at the 'edges of the world' and 'primitive' people in prehistory. Distance, both in time and space, leads to difference, and the idea that strange things happen out there or happened back then dominates Greek and Roman thinking on other cultures. This book examines ancient ideas of the creation of the world, the beginnings of life and origin of species, humans and animals, utopias and blessed islands, and 'barbarian' cultures beyond the Mediterranean world, before going on to trace the influence of ancient anthropological and ethnological thought on the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.We begin with primordial chaos and end with the invention of the Americas, taking in on the way many strange creatures, among them the noble or ignoble savages of Britain, Gaul and Ireland, the Man-faced Ox-creatures of Empedocles, the Dog-heads of India, the Amazons, Centaurs, Columbus, and the Tupinamba of Brazil.
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To the west are the Pillars of Heracles – the Straits of Gibraltar . These offer an
exit into the realm of Ocean , but only for the most intrepid of heroes . Even to
approach the pillars that separate the human from the divine Oceanic realm
outside is ...
... They say that in the sea outside the Pillars of Hercules an uninhabited island
was discovered by the Carthaginians , many days sail from shore , which has all
kinds of trees , and navigable rivers , and a marvellous variety of other resources
And equally ' beyond the Pillars of Heracles ' will also be the ideal setting for
completely imaginary islands such as Plato ' s Atlantis . As time goes on , and
perhaps as a result of increasing geographical knowledge gained from Atlantic ...
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The Origin of Life and the Origin of Species
Ancient Theories of Prehistory and the Evolution of Society
Blessed Islands and Blessed Lands
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