Strange Creatures: Anthropology in Antiquity
Bloomsbury Academic, 2006 M06 8 - 185 pages
Traces the anthropological and ethnological theories of the ancient Greeks and Romans from the creation of the world to the invention of the Americas. In ancient Greek and Roman thinking, whether the world is flat or spherical it will have imaginary boundaries and liminal areas where the norms of nature and culture are thought to break down. Analogies are constantly drawn between 'primitive' peoples at the 'edges of the world' and 'primitive' people in prehistory. Distance, both in time and space, leads to difference, and the idea that strange things happen out there or happened back then dominates Greek and Roman thinking on other cultures. This book examines ancient ideas of the creation of the world, the beginnings of life and origin of species, humans and animals, utopias and blessed islands, and 'barbarian' cultures beyond the Mediterranean world, before going on to trace the influence of ancient anthropological and ethnological thought on the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.We begin with primordial chaos and end with the invention of the Americas, taking in on the way many strange creatures, among them the noble or ignoble savages of Britain, Gaul and Ireland, the Man-faced Ox-creatures of Empedocles, the Dog-heads of India, the Amazons, Centaurs, Columbus, and the Tupinamba of Brazil.
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... born straight from the soil of Attica , 8 and more generally , Pelasgus founder of
the Pelasgian race , commonly the earliest mythical inhabitants of Greece , is
claimed as the first of all humans , again born direct from the earth . 9 And again ...
For Pausanias the Arcadians have an autochthonous origin through their founder
and culture - hero Pelasgus : 64 The Arcadians say that Pelasgus was the first
man ever to be in this country . . . . In size and courage and beauty Pelasgus ...
Anthropology in Antiquity Gordon Lindsay Campbell, Lecturer in Ancient Classics
Gordon Lindsay Campbell. euhemerising accounts of first - discoverers , but
Pelasgus ' discoveries move the Arcadians only from the first wild wandering
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The Origin of Life and the Origin of Species
Ancient Theories of Prehistory and the Evolution of Society
Blessed Islands and Blessed Lands
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