Strange Creatures: Anthropology in Antiquity
Bloomsbury Academic, 2006 M06 8 - 185 pages
Traces the anthropological and ethnological theories of the ancient Greeks and Romans from the creation of the world to the invention of the Americas. In ancient Greek and Roman thinking, whether the world is flat or spherical it will have imaginary boundaries and liminal areas where the norms of nature and culture are thought to break down. Analogies are constantly drawn between 'primitive' peoples at the 'edges of the world' and 'primitive' people in prehistory. Distance, both in time and space, leads to difference, and the idea that strange things happen out there or happened back then dominates Greek and Roman thinking on other cultures. This book examines ancient ideas of the creation of the world, the beginnings of life and origin of species, humans and animals, utopias and blessed islands, and 'barbarian' cultures beyond the Mediterranean world, before going on to trace the influence of ancient anthropological and ethnological thought on the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.We begin with primordial chaos and end with the invention of the Americas, taking in on the way many strange creatures, among them the noble or ignoble savages of Britain, Gaul and Ireland, the Man-faced Ox-creatures of Empedocles, the Dog-heads of India, the Amazons, Centaurs, Columbus, and the Tupinamba of Brazil.
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The Ethiopians As I said near the beginning of this chapter , the world was often
imagined to be divided into climatic zones with increasing cold and darkness to
the north , and increasing heat and light to the south . However , just as blessed ...
Ethiopia is one such area . The Ethiopians are reported to live in every direction
except the north , but are uniformly reported to be still living in a blessed state
similar to Hesiod's golden age . Hence , as remnants of the first ideal people , it is
But the Ethiopians can also have a rather more sophisticated function as well . ...
Cambyses , one of Herodotus ' irrational oriental tyrants , conceives a desire to
invade Ethiopia and sends an embassy of Fish - eaters to the Ethiopians ...
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The Origin of Life and the Origin of Species
Ancient Theories of Prehistory and the Evolution of Society
Blessed Islands and Blessed Lands
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