Fundamentals of Integrated Coastal Management

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Springer Science & Business Media, 1999 M07 31 - 267 pages
by Elisabeth Mann Borgese Founder and Honorary President International Ocean Institute Adalberto Vallega has been, for decades, a master and great teacher of integrated coastal management and Mediterranean cooperation. This new book, of an almost en cyclopaedic scope, is a most original contribution to the rapidly growing literature on the subject, of equal value to the academic community which will greatly appreciate the theoretical, historic and philosophical underpinning of the work, and to the practi tioner, the planner, regulator and manager, who will find in these pages most useful "checklists" for his duties and responsibilities. Vallega perceives the need for Integrated Coastal Area Management (ICAM) in the broader context of the ongoing third industrial revolution, which he calls the trans-industrial stage, in its interaction with climate change. There have been profound changes in the economies of the industrialized coun tries. The development of the new High Technologies, including micro-electronics, genetic engineering, new materials, has accelerated the transition from an economic system based primarily on production to one based very largely on services. This, in turn, has facilitated "globalization" of production systems and services, including the financial system, as well as the migration of people The ongoing global "Great Peo ple's Migration" is, generally, from the hinterland to the coasts where, already today, over 60 percent of the human population resides, exercising unprecedented pressures on the coastal and marine environment. Clearly, this justifies the current emphasis, at global, regional and national levels, on the need for coastal management.

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
Epistemology Logic Methodology
2
The Setting of the Book
3
The Setting of the Chapters
4
THE SUBJECT
5
12 Evolution of Coastal Management
8
13 Sustainable Coastal Development
12
14 Integrated Coastal Management
14
THE GEOGRAPHICAL EXTENT OF THE COASTAL AREA
123
62 The Conventional Design of the Coastal Area
124
63 The Changing Design of the Coastal Area
128
64 The Limits of the Coastal Area
130
65 The Search for Rationale and Effectiveness
135
66 The Mediterranean as a Case Study
139
THE COASTAL USE STRUCTURE
143
72 The Coastal Use Concept
144

15 The Coastal Zone and Coastal Area
17
16 Coastal System and Complex Coastal System
20
17 The Mediterranean a Basin of Primary Interest
21
A StageBased Model
27
19 Basic Questions and Key Issues
30
THE COASTAL AREA IN GLOBAL CHANGE
31
22 Mediterranean Human Change
34
23 Mediterranean Climate Change
40
24 Impacts on Brackish Resources and Land Use
42
25 Impacts on Soils
43
26 Basic Questions and Key Issues
46
THE COASTAL ECOSYSTEM
51
32 The Abiotic Niche
53
33 The Biotic Community
60
34 The Ecosystems of the Coastal Area
63
35 The Large and Coastal Mediterranean Ecosystem
65
36 The Coastal Mediterranean Ecosystems
68
37 Basic Questions and Key Issues
71
38 Focus on Principal Lines of Inquiry
72
ADMINISTRATIVE AREAS AND JURISDICTIONAL ZONES
75
42 The Baselines and the Internal Waters
78
43 The Territorial Sea
82
44 The Contiguous Zone
85
45 The Continental Shelf
87
46 The Exclusive Economic Zone and Exclusive Fishery Zone
91
47 Archipelagic Waters
93
48 The Mediterranean Jurisdictional Framework
94
49 Coastal Management Facing Jurisdictional Zones
96
THE COASTAL ECONOMIC ORGANISATION
99
52 A Methodological Route
100
53 The Time and Geographical Scales of Reference
102
A Detailed View
104
56 The Economic Organisation Model of the Coastal Area
113
57 Key Issues and Basic Options
116
THE ECONOMIC ORGANISATION OF ANTALYA COASTAL AREA
118
Theory and Practice
146
74 The Coastal Use Framework
149
75 The UseUse Matrix
152
A Crucial lssue
156
78 The Coastal Use Structure Facing Options
158
79 The Coastal Use Structure Facing ICM
160
CONFLICTS BETWEEN COASTAL USES
163
82 The MultiNational Scale International Conflicts
165
Focus on Uses
166
Focus on Users
170
85 Causes of Conflict
173
86 Relevance of the Jurisdictional Zones
174
87 Tractability and Management of Conflicts
176
88 How to Present Conflicts
178
89 A Guideline for Managers and Planners
180
THE COASTAL DECISIONMAKING SYSTEM
183
92 Final and Contingent Objectives
184
93 The Legal Framework
187
94 The Role of DecisionMaking Systems
189
95 Integration of DecisionMaking Systems
191
96 MatrixBased Assessment of the DecisionMaking System
196
97 DecisionMaking Processes
201
98 A Tentative Agenda for Managers and Planners
202
INTEGRATED COASTAL MANAGEMENT PROGRAMMES
203
102 The ICAM Process
204
103 A Political Concern
232
CONCLUSION
233
ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
235
REFERENCES
237
The Mediterranean
246
INDEX
255
Author Index
256
Subject Index
258
NOTES
262
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