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than 32,000 license applications waiting for processing. We now have that backlog down to, I would say, in the neighborhod of 20,000 to 25,000, and we are able to get out about 15,000 applications a week. So that, in terms of time, it is not a great backlog.

We are able to put a little more time on serious consideration of each application; so, although we are still somewhat hanging by our toes on this job, we feel we are doing a much better job than we were able to do about a year ago.

Mr. BECKWORTH. Do you run frequently into new companies that are taking to exporting of sulfur?

Mr. MACY. Specifically on sulfur I would like to have Mr. Brooks answer that question.

Mr. BROOKS. I do not think to any great extent, Mr. Chairman. We anticipated that there might be some new companies coming into the field, but that has not developed to any great extent yet.

Mr. BECKWORTH. Most of the companies you are dealing with are old-established companies about whom you know something? Mr. BROOKS. To the best of my knowledge, that is so.

Mr. WOLVERTON. Could you supply for the committee the export statistics on raw sulfur and crushed sulfur, sulfates, sulfuric acid, and other sulfur derivatives for the past 3 years and for the first quarter of 1951 by the country of destination?

Mr. MACY. You are asking for the exports from the United States to those countries?

Mr. WOLVERTON. Yes.

Mr. MACY. Yes, sir; we can do that very quickly.

(The information is as follows:)

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Mr. WOLVERTON. What was the basis for setting up the second quarter of 1951 quota on exports of raw sulfur?

Mr. BROOKS. The basis for setting up that quota was a screening of the individual amounts sent in by the countries who require sulfur from the United States. The figures submitted by each country were screened against their past takings from the United States, information that they submitted about their present stock position, and estimates that we made as to how long that stock might be expected to last if the shipments were currently reduced to them.

Mr. WOLVERTON. What was the purpose of your screening? What were you seeking to ascertain?

Mr. BROOKS. We were seeking to ascertain the minimum amount which it will be necessary for the United States to export for them to continue their operations at a level which would be comparable, in the reduction that had to be achieved, to the reductions which are currently found necessary in the United States.

Mr. WOLVERTON. Did you do any screening from the standpoint of end use of the sulfur and, as a result, grant priorities?

Mr. BROOKS. To the extent possible, sir, but sulfur does not lend itself in terms of export control to that type of screening particularly well, because the sulfur enters into the economy of the country to which it goes in the majority of cases as broadly as it does here in the United States.

Mr. WOLVERTON. A short supply necessitated your screening the applications. Then I do not quite understand the purpose to be served by the screening.

Mr. BROOKS. The purpose to be served is indicated by the fact that the total of requests that we received from foreign countries for sulfur were at an annual rate of 1,400,000 tons. By analyzing each country's requirements they were screened down to where it was possible to set the export quota finally at an annual rate of 960,000 tons.

Mr. WOLVERTON. Did you study the individual purposes to which the sulfur was to be put or did you just screen it from the standpoint of the over-all demand?

Mr. BROOKS. We were supplied with information from the majority of countries as to the types of uses which they generally made of the sulfur.

Mr. WOLVERTON. What, if any, recommendation was made by the interagency committee with respect to your granting quotas on the amount to be sent to each country? Did the interagency committee make any suggestions or recommendations or was it left entirely to the discretion of the authorities within the Department of Commerce? Mr. MACY. The Secretary of Commerce in making the allocation in each case did follow the recommendation of his interagency committee. Mr. WOLVERTON. What were those recommendations?

Mr. MACY. Originally that 200,000 tons be established for the first quarter of 1951, that later a supplemental allocation be added thereto because of the drastic need in the amount of 30,000 tons. Then in the second quarter the recommendation of the committee and the allocation by the Secretary upon recommendation of the committee was for 250,000 tons, which made the total 480,000 tons the first 6 months. Mr. WOLVERTON. What was the reason for the special additional allotment?

Mr. MACY. Mr. Congressman, it is on the basis that by the process of cutting down the stated requirements to the low figure of 200,000 for the first quarter, it was fairly easy for the various countries to demonstrate that it was interfering with essential production in those countries and therefore necessary to raise that amount by 30,000 tons. Mr. WOLVERTON. What was the quota for the third quarter?

Mr. MACY. The third quarter has not been set, to my knowledge, as of this time. That will be the quarter for July, August, and September.

Mr. WOLVERTON. Are the indications that it will be larger or less? Mr. BROOKS. It is too soon to tell yet. I would say personally I do not look for too much change.

Mr. WOLVERTON. Have requests been made exceeding those that had previously been made?

Mr. BROOKS. The requests from abroad are just now coming in, Mr. Congressman. I have not seen them yet.

Mr. WOLVERTON. On what particular quotas did you grant an increase?

Mr. BROOKS. I do not have the list here, but my recollection is that the United Kingdom, France, Belgium, Brazil, and India are the principal countries.

Mr. WOLVERTON. What representations were made by the United Kingdom, for instance, to justify its request?

Mr. BROOKS. To the best of my knowledge, the United Kingdom would have actually had an interruption of its supply of sulfur. They were down to a boat-to-boat basis for a while there during March and

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