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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE, Juanita M. Kreps, Secretary

Dr. Sidney Harman, Under Secretary

Jordan J. Baruch, Assistant Secretary for Science and Technology

NATIONAL BUREAU OF STANDARDS, Ernest Ambler, Acting Director

Issued February 1978


Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data
Cali, J. Paul.

Guide to United States reference materials.

(Standard reference materials) (National Bureau of Standards special publication ; 260-57)

Supt. of docs. no.: C13.10:260-57.

1. Materials--Standards—United States. 2. Physical measurements.
3. Chemical tests and reagents—Specifications—United States. I.
Plebanski, Tomasz, joint author. I. Title. II. Series: United States.
National Bureau of Standards. Standard reference materials. III.
Series: United States. National Bureau of Standards. Special publica-
tion ; 260-57.
QC100.U57 no. 260-57 (TA404.5) 602”. Is [602'.1] 77-28819

National Bureau of Standards Special Publication 260-57
Nat. Bur. Stand. (U.S.), Spec. Publ. 260-57, 55 pages (Feb. 1978)




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 (Order by SD Catalog No. C13.10:260–57). Stock No. 003-003-01883-0 Price $2.20

(Add 25 percent additional for other than U.S. mailing).

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Standard Reference Materials (SRM's) as defined by the National Bureau of Standards are "well-characterized materials, produced in quantity, that calibrate a measurement system to assure compatibility of measurement in the nation." SRM's are widely used as primary standards in many diverse fields in science, industry, and technology, both within the United States and throughout the world. In many industries traceability of their quality control process to the national measurement system is carried out through the mechanism and use of SRM's. For many of the nation's scientists and technologists it is therefore of more than passing interest to know the details of the measurements made at NBS in arriving at the certified values of the SRM's produced. An NBS series of papers, of which this publication is a member, called the NBS Special Publication - 260 Series is reserved for this purpose.


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This 260 Series is dedicated to the dissemination of information on all phases of the preparation, measurement, and certification of NBS-SRM's. In general, much more detail will be found in these papers than is generally allowed, or desirable, in scientific journal articles. This enables the user to assess the validity and accuracy of the measurement processes employed, to judge the statistical analysis, and to learn details of techniques and methods utilized for work entailing the greatest care and accuracy. It is also hoped that these papers will provide sufficient additional information not found on the certificate so that new applications in diverse fields not foreseen at the time the SRM was originally issued will be sought and found.

Inquiries concerning the technical content of this paper should be directed to the author(s). Other questions concerned with the availability, delivery, price, and so forth will receive prompt attention from:

Office of Standard Reference Materials
National Bureau of Standards
Washington, D.C. 20234

J. Paul Cali, Chief
Office of Standard Reference Materials

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Catalog of NBS Standard Reference Materials Yakowitz, H., Vieth, D. L., Heinrich, K. F. J., and

(1975-76 edition), R. W. Seward, ed., NBS Michaelis, R. E., Standard Reference Materials: Spec. Publ. 260 (June 1975). $1.50* SN003-003- Homogeneity Characterization on NBS Spectro01445-1

metric Standards II: Cartridge Brass and LowMichaelis, R. E., and Wyman, L. L., Standard Alloy Steel, NBS Misc. Publ. 260-10 (December

Reference Materials: Preparation of White Cast 1965). COM74-11064**
Iron Spectrochemical Standards, NBS Misc. Napolitano, A., and Hawkins, E. G., Standard
Publ. 260-1 (June 1964). COM74-11061**

Reference Materials: Viscosity of Standard Michaelis, R. E., Wyman, L. L., and Flitsch, R., Lead-Silica Glass, NBS Misc. Publ. 260-11

Standard Reference Materials: Preparation of (November 1966). NBS Misc. Publ. 260-11** NBS Copper-Base Spectrochemical Standards, Yakowitz, H., Vieth, D. L., and Michaelis, R. E., NBS Misc. Publ. 260-2 (October 1964). COM74

Standard Reference Materials: Homogeneity 11063**

Characterization of NBS Spectrometric StandMichaelis, R. E., Yakowitz, H., and Moore, G. A., ards III: White Cast Iron and Stainless Steel

Standard Reference Materials: Metallographic Powder Compact, NBS Misc. Publ. 260-12 Characterization of an NBS Spectrometric Low- (September 1966). NBS Misc. Publ. 260-12** Alloy Steel Standard, NBS Misc. Publ. 260-3 Spijkerman, J. I., Snediker, D. K., Ruegg, F. C., (October 1964). COM74-11060**

and DeVoe, J. R., Standard Reference MateHague, J. L., Mears, T. W., and Michaelis, R. E., rials: Mossbauer Spectroscopy Standard for the

Standard Reference Materials: Sources of Chemical Shift of Iron Compounds, NBS Misc. Information, NBS Misc. Publ. 260-4 (February Publ. 260-13 (July 1967). NBS Misc. Publ. 1965). COM74-11059

260-13** Alvarez, R., and Flitsch, R., Standard Reference Menis, O., and Sterling, J. T., Standard Reference

Materials: Accuracy of Solution X-Ray Spectro- Materials: Determination of Oxygen in Ferrous metric Analysis of Copper-Base Alloys, NBS Materials - SRM 1090, 1091, and 1092, NBS

Misc. Publ. 260-5 (March 1965). PB168068** Misc. Publ. 260-14(September 1966). NBS Misc. Shultz, J. I., Standard Reference Materials: Publ. 260-14**

Methods for the Chemical Analysis of White Passaglia, E., and Shouse, P. J., Standard ReferCast Iron Standards, NBS Misc. Publ. 260-6 ence Materials: Recommended Method of Use (July 1975). COM74-11068**

of Standard Light-Sensitive Paper for CalibratBell, R. K., Standard Reference Materials: ing Carbon Arcs Used in Testing Textiles for Methods for the Chemical Analysis of NBS

Colorfastness to Light, NBS Misc. Publ. 260-15 Copper-Base Spectrochemical Standards, NBS (June 1967). (Replaced by NBS Spec. Publ. Misc. Publ. 260-7 (October 1965). COM74

260-41.) 11067**

Yakowitz, H., Michaelis, R. E., and Vieth, D. L., Richmond, M. S., Standard Reference Materials: Standard Reference Materials: Homogeneity

Analysis of Uranium Concentrates at the Characterization of NBS Spectrometric StandNational Bureau of Standards, NBS Misc. Publ. ards IV: Preparation and Microprobe Charac260-8 (December 1965). COM74-11066**

terization of W-20% MO Alloy Fabricated by Anspach, S. C., Cavallo, L. M., Garfinkel, S. B., Powder Metallurgical Methods, NBS Spec.

Hutchinson, J. M. R., and Smith, C. N., Stand- Publ. 260-16 (January 1969). COM74-11062** ard Reference Materials: Half Lives of Materials Catanzaro, E. J., Champion, C. E., Garner, E. L., Used in the Preparation of Standard Reference Marinenko, G., Sappenfield, K. M., and Shields, Materials of Nineteen Radioactive Nuclides W. R., Standard Reference Materials: Boric Issued by the National Bureau of Standards, Acid; Isotopic and Assay Standard Reference NBS Misc. Publ. 260-9 (November 1965).

Materials, NBS Spec. Publ. 260-17 (February COM74-11065**

1970). Out of Print


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G., Standard Reference Materials: Calibra- “Process A-Model 2,” NBS Spec. Publ. 260-29 tion of NBS Secondary Standard Magnetic Tape (June 1971). COM71-50282** (Computer Amplitude Reference) Using the Gorozhanina, R. S., Freedman, A. Y., and Reference Tape Amplitude Measurement Shaievitch, A. B. (translated by M. C. Selby), "Process A,” NBS Spec. Publ. 260-18 (November Standard Reference Materials: Standard 1969). (See NBS Spec. Publ. 260-29.)

Samples Issued in the USSR (A Translation Paule, R. C., and Mandel, J., Standard Reference from the Russian), NBS Spec. Publ. 260-30 (June

Materials: Analysis of Interlaboratory Measure- 1971). COM71-50283** ments on the Vapor Pressure of Gold (Certifica- Hust, J. G., and Sparks, L. L., Standard Reference tion of Standard Reference Material 745), NBS Materials: Thermal Conductivity of Electrolytic

Spec. Publ. 260-19 (January 1970). PB190071** Iron SRM 734 from 4 to 300 K, NBS Spec. Publ. Paule, R. C., and Mandel, J., Standard Reference 260-31 (November 1971). COM71-50563**

Materials: Analysis of Interlaboratory Measure- Mavrodineanu, R., and Lazar, J. W., Standard ments on the Vapor Pressures of Cadmium and Reference Materials: Standard Quartz Cuvettes, Silver, NBS Spec. Publ. 260-21 (January 1971). for High Accuracy Spectrophotometry, NBS COM74-11359**

Spec. Publ. 260-32 (December 1973). 55 cents* Yakowitz, H., Fiori, C. E., and Michaelis, R. E., SN003-003-01213-1

Standard Reference Materials: Homogeneity Wagner, H. L., Standard Reference Materials: Characterization of Fe-3 Si Alloy, NBS Spec. Comparison of Original and Supplemental

Publ. 260-22 (February 1971). COM74-11357** SRM 705, Narrow Molecular Weight DistriNapolitano, A., and Hawkins, E. G., Standard bution Polystyrene, NBS Spec. Publ. 260-33

Reference Materials: Viscosity of a Standard (May 1972). COM72-50526** Borosilicate Glass, NBS Spec. Publ. 260-23 Sparks, L. L., and Hust, J. G., Standard Reference (December 1970). COM71-00157**

Materials: Thermoelectric Voltage, NBS Spec. Sappenfield, K. M., Marineko, G., and Hague, J. Publ. 260-34, (April 1972). COM72-50371**

L., Standard Reference Materials: Comparison Sparks, L. L., and Hust, J. G., Standard Referof Redox Standards, NBS Spec. Publ. 260-24 ence Materials: Thermal Conductivity of (January 1972). COM 72-50058**

Austenitic Stainless Steel, SRM 735 from 5 Hicho, G. E., Yakowitz, H., Rasberry, S. D., and to 280 K, NBS Spec. Publ. 260-35 (April 1972.)

Michaelis, R. E., Standard Reference Materials: 35 cents* COM72-50368**
A Standard Reference Material Containing Cali, J. P., Mandel, J., Moore, L. J., and Young, D.
Nominally Four Percent Austenite, NBS Spec. S., Standard Reference Materials: A Referee

Publ. 260-25 (February 1971). COM 74-11356** Method for the Determination of Calcium in Martin, J. F., Standard Reference Materials: Serum, NBS SRM 915, NBS Spec. Publ. 260-36

National Bureau of Standards-US Steel Corpor- (May 1972). COM72-50527** tion Joint Program for Determining Oxygen and Shultz, J. I., Bell, R. K., Rains, T. C., and Menis, Nitrogen in Steel, NBS Spec. Publ. 260-26 0., Standard Reference Materials: Methods of

(February 1971). 85 cents* SN003-003-00786-2 Analysis of NBS Clay Standards, NBS Spec. Garner, E. L., Machlan, L. A., and Shields, W. R., Publ. 260-37 (June 1972). COM72-50692**

Standard Reference Materials: Uranium Richmond, J. C., and Hsia, J. J., Standard ReferIsotopic Standard Reference Materials, NBS ence Materials: Preparation and Calibration of Spec. Publ. 260-27 (April 1971). COM74- Standards of Spectral Specular Reflectance, 11358**

NBS Spec. Publ. 260-38 (May 1972). COM72Heinrich, K. F. J., Myklebust, R. L., Rasberry, S. 50528**

D., and Michaelis, R. E., Standard Reference Clark, A. F., Denson, V. A., Hust, J. G., and Materials: Preparation and Evaluation of Powell, R. L., Standard Reference Materials: SRM's 481 and 482 Gold-Silver and Gold- The Eddy Current Decay Method for Resistivity Copper Alloys for Microanalysis, NBS Spec. Characterization of High-Purity Metals, NBS

Publ. 260-28 (August 1971). COM71-50365** Spec. Publ. 260-39 (May 1972). COM72-50529** Geller, S. B., Standard Reference Materials: Cali- McAdie, H. G., Garn, P. D., and Menis, O., Stand

bration of NBS Secondary Standard Magnetic ard Reference Materials: Selection of Thermal Tape (Computer Amplitude Reference) Using Analysis Temperature Standards Through a

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