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This tenth edition of the United States Code, prepared and published pursuant to section 285b of Title 2 of the Code, is a consolidation and codification of all the general and permanent laws of the United States in force on January 14, 1983. By statutory authority, this edition may be cited “U.S.C. 1982 ed.”. Previous editions were published in 1926, 1934, 1940, 1946, 1952, 1958, 1964, 1970, and 1976.

Because many of the general and permanent laws that are required to be incorporated in the Code are inconsistent, redundant, and obsolete, the Office of the Law Revision Counsel of the House of Representatives has been engaged in a continuing, comprehensive project authorized by law to revise and codify, for enactment into positive law, each title of the Code. When this project is completed, all the titles of the Code will be legal evidence of the general and permanent laws and recourse to the numerous volumes of the United States Statutes at Large for this purpose will no longer be necessary. Titles 1, 3, 4, 5, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 17, 18, 23, 28, 31, 32, 35, 37, 38, 39, 44, and 49 have been revised, codified, and enacted into positive law and the text thereof is legal evidence of the laws therein contained. The matter contained in the other titles of the Code is prima facie evidence of the laws.

The title and chapter structure of the 1976 edition, together with Supplement V thereto, has been substantially preserved, the only changes made having been necessitated by the enactment of legislation since 1976.

This edition was prepared and published under the supervision of Edward F. Willett, Jr., Law Revision Counsel of the House of Representatives, with the assist ance of the West Publishing Company of St. Paul, Minnesota, which assisted in preparing all prior editions and supplements of the Code. Grateful acknowledgment is made to the staffs of the Office of the Law Revision Counsel, the West Publishing Company, and the Government Printing Office for their untiring efforts to make this edition as nearly perfect as possible.

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Thomas Pfeille te


Speaker of the House of Representatives

WASHINGTON, D.C., January 14, 1983.

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ERNMENT, AND THE STATES 1. The Flag. 2. The Seal. 3. Seat of the Government. 4. The States. 5. Official Territorial Papers.

TITLE 2–THE CONGRESS 1. Election of Senators and Representatives. 2. Organization of Congress. 3. Compensation and Allowances of Mem

bers. 4. Officers and Employees of Senate and

House of Representatives. 5. Library of Congress. 6. Congressional and Committee Procedure;

Investigations. 7. Contested Elections (Repealed). 8. Federal Corrupt Practices (Repealed). 8A. Regulation of Lobbying. 9. Office of Legislative Counsel. 9A. Office of the Law Revision Counsel. 9B. Legislative Classification Office. 9C. Office of the Parliamentarian of the

House of Representatives. 9D. Office of Senate Legal Counsel. 10. Classification of Employees of House of

Representatives. 10A. Payroll Administration in House of Rep

resentatives. 11. Commission on Executive, Legislative, and

Judicial Salaries. 12. Contested Elections. 13. Joint Committee on Congressional Oper

ations. 14. Federal Election Campaigns. 15. Office of Technology Assessment. 16. Congressional Mailing Standards. 17. Congressional Budget Office. 17A. Congressional Budget and Fiscal Oper

ations. 17B. Impoundment Control. 18. Legislative Personnel Financial Disclosure

Requirements. 19. Congressional Award Program.

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SUBPART C-EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE Training. Performance Appraisal. Incentive Awards. Personnel Research Programs and Dem

onstration Projects.





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RELATIONS 71. Labor-Management Relations. 72. Antidiscrimination; Right to Petition Con

gress. 73. Suitability, Security, and Conduct. 75. Adverse Actions. 77. Appeals. 79. Services to Employees.

SUBPART G-INSURANCE AND ANNUITIES 81. Compensation for Work Injuries. 83. Retirement. 85. Unemployment Compensation. 87. Life Insurance. 89. Health Insurance.



Chap. 20. Dumping or Destruction of Interstate

Produce. 20A. Perishable Agricultural Commodities. 21. Tobacco Statistics. 21A. Tobacco Inspection. 21B. Tobacco Control. 22. Agricultural Marketing (Omitted


Foreign Agricultural Service (Repealed). 24. Perishable Agricultural Commodities

[Transferred to Chapter 20A).

Export Standards for Apples and Pears. 25A. Export Standards for Grapes and Plums. 26. Agricultural Adjustment. 26A. Agricultural Marketing Agreements.

Cotton Marketing. 28. Tobacco Industry (Repealed). 29. Potato Act of 1935 (Repealed). 30. Anti-Hog-Cholera Serum and Hog-Chol

era Virus. 31. Rural Electrification and Telephone Serv


Peanut Statistics. 33. Farm Tenancy. 34. Sugar Production and Control (Omitted

or Repealed).

Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938. 35A. Price Support of Agricultural Commod


Crop Insurance. 37. Seeds. 38. Distribution and Marketing of Agricultur

al Products. 39.

Stabilization of International Wheat

Market. 40.

Halogeton Glomeratus Control. 41. Agricultural Trade Development and As

sistance. 42. Agricultural Commodity Set-Aside. 43.

Agricultural Attachés. 44. Wool Program. 45.

Soil Bank Program. 46. Surplus Disposal of Agricultural Com

modities. 47. Interchange of Department of Agricul.

ture and State Employees (Repealed). 48. Humane Methods of Livestock Slaughter. 49. Consultation on Agricultural Programs. 50. Agricultural Credit. 51. Food Stamp Program. 52. Farm Labor Contractor Registration (Re

pealed). 53. Cotton Research and Promotion. 54. Transportation, Sale and Handling of Cer.

tain Animals. 55. Department of Agriculture. 55A. Department of Agriculture Advisory Com

mittees. 56. Unfair Trade Practice Affecting Produc

ers of Agricultural Products. 57. Plant Variety Protection. 58. Potato Research and Promotion.


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TITLE 7-AGRICULTURE 1. Commodity Exchanges. 2. Cotton Standards. 3. Grain Standards. 4. Naval Stores. 5. Importation of Adulterated Seeds (Re

pealed). 6. Insecticides and Environmental Pesticide

Control. 7. Insect Pests Generally. 7A. Golden Nematode. 7B. Plant Pests. 8. Nursery Stock and Other Plants and

Plant Products. 8A. Rubber. 9. Packers and Stockyards. 10. Warehouses. 11. Honeybees. 12. Associations of Agricultural Products Pro

ducers. 13. Agricultural and Mechanical Colleges. 14. Agricultural Experiment Stations. 15. Bureau of Animal Industry. 16. Bureau of Dairy Industry. 17. Miscellaneous Matters. 18. Cooperative Marketing. 19. Cotton Statistics and Estimates.

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