« PreviousContinue »
time. Their labors are now resulting in a series of distinctive exhibits and features which should command the interest of every visitor. Consideration is being given by the experts to the exhibit possibilities in education, child welfare, recreation, health, criminology, insurance, taxation, advertising, economics, and other subjects.
Back of the scientific discovery, back of its industrial and social applications, is man himself—the theme of the anthropological section. With the development of man and his culture on American soil as the example, the exhibits are calculated to raise many interesting problems on human life and institutions. The. Eskimo, the Northwest, the Southwest, the Eastern Indians, and the Mound Builders will be shown. The greatest achievement of early man in America-a Mayan temple-is planned. Working drawings of the Nunnery of Uxmal, completed several months ago, indicate space within the temple for strictly scientific exhibits depicting the life of man from the embryo to adult life. Here the visitor will see the races of man, the effects of race crossing, problems of growth and other more technical subjects. Here, also, will appear a section of one of the great prehistoric caves of France, so excavated that the growth of human culture and the changes in man's body can be traced over a period of more than 50,000 years.
The emphasis on the development of special features will be placed in 1932 rather than now. However, several phases requiring a longer period of time for completion have already been undertaken.
Music.-A music committee, under the chairmanship of Herbert Witherspoon, vice president of the Chicago Civic Opera, has been formed. It is the present thought that music activities be divided into professional, educational, and communal. For the presentation of professional programs, it is proposed to organize a symphony orchestra for the duration of the exposition, to be composed of the best musical material available. A permanent conductor and distinguished guest conductors from the music world invited for occasional performances would lead this orchestra. Symphony concerts, interspersed with concerts of more popular character, are planned. The “professional program" also contemplates the presentation of chamber music as well as of some of the distinguished choirs of the country.
The Music Supervisors' National Conference has agreed to cooperate in a practical demonstration of the development of music in the public schools, colleges and universities, and schools of music. Russell V. Morgan, president of the conference, has appointed a committee, of which Joseph E. Maddy, of the University of Michigan, is chairman, to formulate a general plan for the appearance at the exposition of school and college bands, school orchestras, choruses, and glee clubs, and, in addition, to arrange for demonstrations of group teaching and similar activities.
Communal activity contemplates massed choruses, choirs, and community singing on a vast scale. They should illustrate convincingly the progress made in musical practice and musical appreciation in this country in recent years,
Sports.--The sports committee, under the chairmanship of George F. Getz, has established contact with more than 30 governing sports bodies with a view to securing their events for the exposition program. It is found that few of these events are definitely fixed earlier than a year before they are staged, but the replies to overtures are exceedingly favorable and indicate that we shall be in the situation of choosing such events as we can accommodate.
Pageants.- Mr. Thomas Woods Stevens, considered by the history committee as being the most eminent producer of pageants in the country, has been engaged to make a preliminary survey of our pageantry needs. It is expected that when this report is received definite commitments will be made along this line.
A Century of Progress will take advantage of new developments in illumination to provide many unusual color effects. Visitors may expect to see a treInendous area of misty light in rainbow hues close to the ground, interrupted by special lighting effects at strategic positions, such as dancing and scintillating colors, color-shadow effects, color transparencies, electrical cascades, luminescent and iridescent features of all kinds.
An experimental electrical laboratory is now in operation in the administration building and experiments in booth lighting are being conducted in the travel and transport building. The fact that the exhibit buildings are windowless gives an unprecedented opportunity for controlled lighting of exhibits.
The exposition is indebted to the Commonwealth Edison Co. for the contribution of the illumination section of the staff.
All activities on the exposition grounds for which visitors will be charged a fee are being classed as concessions. They include the dispensing of foods and refreshments, the providing of transportation and rest areas, the sale of souvenirs and goods, and the development of amusements.
Plans now rapidly maturing will provide for comfortably transporting, feeding, and amusing an average daily attendance of 350,000 visitors.
Two contracts of primary importance have already been signed. One is for the placing of about 75 light-refreshment stands throughout the grounds. The second is to supply toilet facilities in consideration of certain advertising privileges, by which the exposition will save a large expenditure for such installations.
It is planned to have an outstanding exhibit of wild animals, an Indian show of approximately 500 representatives of about 50 of the principal North American tribes, a colony of African pygmies, representatives of the fire-walking peoples of the South Sea Islands, villages of Algerians, Moroccans, Arabians, and other countries of the Near East, and a large variety of new and spectacular rides and amusement devices.
TRAFFIC AND TRANSPORTATION
These problems include the drawing up of flow charts; the design of terminals for buses, street cars, and elevated lines; the selection of tourist camps and parking areas outside the grounds; air traffic; and traffic over the fixed lines of transportation.
The general designs for the terminal facilities are completed. Considerable progress has been made in developing plans for the construction of a group of tourist camps surrounding the metropolitan area. These tourist camps will be of an attractive design, located near interurban transportation systems. They will offer the automobile tourist economical accommodations, without the difficulty of driving into the business section of the city, and, at the same time, will eliminate the danger of stifling traffic in the congested parts of the city, where the addition of the large number of out-of-town cars would cause serious traffic congestion. In order to make known the facilities available for automobile tourists, preliminary arrangements have been made with the American Automobile Association and other automobile clubs for the broadcasting of information and distribution of a large number of automobile maps.
Contacts have been made with all fixed transportation systems on general plans for the handling of the exposition visitors. Plans are being made for a comprehensive system of intra-fair transportation.
Freight rate reduction for shipping exhibits, varying from 25 per cent to 50 per cent, has been secured from practically all steamship lines operating from United States ports. For railroad transportation within the United States, the “Chicago rate has been procured for the exposition, and exhibits will be returned free of charge by the railroads. Designs have been made for the receiving depot and the storage facilities for both bonded and domestic exhibits.
The Zurich General Accident and Liability Insurance Co. will provide an emergency hospital, to be constructed by the exposition.
The hospital will be fully staffed and equipped. Completion is planned at the earliest possible moment in order to take care of accident cases which may occur on the grounds while the exposition is being constructed and also for welfare work of the exposition staff. It is anticipated that the medical staff will render first aid and all necessary medical service during the postfair period, the fair period, and the postfair period, when demolition is under way.
There are within a 672 mile radius of the exposition grounds a number of firstclass hospitals, and it is planned that the emergency hospital will transfer to these hospitals the cases which are more serious.
It is the desire of the exposition to utilize to the largest extent the regularly established agencies in the city of Chicago which have so freely offered their facilities to the exposition. Therefore, the convention bureau of the Association of Commerce has been the active agent in inducing organizations to hold their 1933 meetings in Chicago. That office report that several hundred organizations are now making plans through the Association of Commerce for Chicago meetings in 1933. To those invited by the association, A Century of Progress has extended a welcome, but has consciously refrained from making promises of special privileges or accommodations within the grounds, though it is the intention to extend every possible courtesy to group gatherings.
One of the conventions coming to Chicago in 1933 is the American Association for the Advancement of Science. When this group assembles it will include not only the leading men of science from America, but also a large number of distinguished foreign guests, each one a recognized authority in his line. Part of the plan is for these foreign guests to be available for one or more public lectures upon some of the different phases of science. In providing for this international participation, our trustees have made certain that the 1933 meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science will be a memorable scientific occasion.
A CENTURY OF PROGRESS SCIENCE SERIES
The Queen of the Sciences, the first book in the exposition's series of scientific publications is off the press. Written by Dr. E. T. Bell, professor of mathematics at the California Institute of Technology, the book deals with the vital interest of the subject and traces to it many of the intellectual advances of the past century.
The series will comprise about 20 books, prepared on scientific fields in nontechnical style by distinguished authors. Williams & Wilkins Co., of Baltimore, are the publishers.
Releases to publications of all kinds are being confirmed to established facts rather than hopes not yet realized.
A 4-page bulletin is sent each week to a selected list, including the various State commissions, foreign consuls, advisory committees, exhibitors, and others.
The Chicago newspapers are fully represented among the exposition's trustees and guarantors, and have been more than generous in their support of the project, as have the various wire press services which reach daily newspapers throughout the United States.
Following the work of the exhibits department, the promotion department is in the midst of its program of cooperation and the furnishing of interesting publicity matter to the industrial and trade press.
In increasing numbers, organized groups within the metropolitan area are visiting the grounds and buildings. In the past week 865 people have been escorted through.
Requests for volunteer speakers average 10 a week. Radio stations WGN and WMAQ run regular world's fair periods, and station WCFL is sending out a series of short-wave length programs. The other local stations have been generous in affording special programs. In addition, radio programs telling the story of the exposition's progress have been carried by many stations outside Chicago on chain broadcasts.
Several hundred business concerns in the city are regularly using their publicity avenues as part of the recognized exposition promotion.
There is every indication that the interest created is steadily rising, and it is our thought that its peak will be reached a few months preceding the opening.
Mr. McNARY, from the Committee on Commerce, submitted the
(To accompany $. 718]
The Committee on Commerce, to whom was referred the bill (S. 718) authorizing a survey of Coquille River, Oreg., have considered the same and report thereon with amendments and, as so amended, recommend that the bill do pass.
The amendments referred to therein have been incorporated in the bill as reported, and are as follows:
Line 6, after the word "such”, strike out the words “examination and”
Line 8, after the word "examinations”, insert a comma, and strike out the word “and”. Line 8, after the word "surveys”, change the period to a comma, and
" add the following: "and contingencies of rivers and harbors."
The bill thus amended has the approval of the Department of War, as will appear by the annexed communication.
WAR DEPARTMENT, December 24, 1931. Respectfully returned to the chairman, Committee on Commerce, United States Senate.
This department is not aware of any objection to the enactment of Senate bill No. 718, “Authorizing a survey of Coquille River, Oreg." It is recommended, however, that the bill be amended as indicated on the accompanying copy thereof.
PATRICK J. HURLEY,
Secretary of 'War. O
72D CONGRESS 1st Session
SURVEY OF COLUMBIA RIVER FROM TONGUE POINT
TO THE SEA
JANUARY 15, 1932.—Ordered to be printed
Mr. Johnson, from the Committee on Commerce, submitted the
[To accompany S. 719)
The Committee on Commerce, to whom was referred the bill (S. 719) authorizing a survey of Columbia River from Tongue Point to the sca, having considered the same, report favorably thereon and recommend that the bill do pass without amendment.
The bill has the approval of the Department of War, as will appear by the annexed communication.
War DEPARTMENT, December 22, 1931. Respectfully returned to the chairman Committee on Commerce, United States Senate.
I know of no objection to the passage by Congress of the bill S. 719, “Authorizing a survey of Columbia River from Tongue Point to the sea.”
PATRICK J. HURLEY,
Secretary of War.