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Messrs. CAPPER and WHEELER, from the Committee on Agriculture

and Forestry, submitted the following

REPORT

[To accompany S. J. Res. 60)

The Committee on Agriculture and Forestry, to whom was referred the joint resolution (S. J. Res. 60) authorizing the distribution of Government-owned wheat to States or organizations for relief of people in distress, and the bill (S. 1580) to authorize the distribution of 50,000,000 bushels of surplus wheat for relief purposes, having considered the same, recommend that the resolution do pass with the following amendments (which are in the nature of a substitute for the substance of both S. J. Res. 60 and S. 1580):

Strike out all after the resolving clause and insert in lieu thereof

the following:

That the Federal Farm Board is authorized and directed to take such action as may be necessary to make immediately available forty million bushels of the wheat of the Grain Stabilization Corporation, or so much thereof as in the judgment of the President may be needed, for the use of the American National Red Cross, and/or for the use of such other organization or organizations as the President, or such person

or persons as he may designate to pass upon the matter, may deem advisable, in providing food for the needy and distressed people of the United States. It is expressly understood that no organization receiving wheat under the provisions of this resolution shall discriminate against any person who is in distress regardless of the causes of such distress. In the delivery of such wheat or any part thereof to any organization or organizations as provided herein, the Federal Farm Board shall be at no expense, and all expense incident to the receipt or distribution of such wheat shall be borne by the organization or organizations to which said wheat is delivered.

Sec. 2. The Federal Farm Board shall keep account of all wheat furnished and delivered as provided herein and shall keep a record of the average cost of such wheat to the board as a credit against its revolving fund.

Amend the title so as to read:

Joint resolution authorizing the distribution of Government-owned wheat to the American National Red Cross and other organizations for the relief of people in distress.

The country faces the anomalous situation of having a surplus of wheat beyond the ability of the consumers of the Nation to purchase; at the same time there are thousands and hundreds of thousands of hungry persons sadly in need of bread. There are bread lines in all our big cities. Whole families are suffering from malnutrition in the droughts tricken agricultural areas; some of them actually face starvation, according to reliable reports.

The Red Cross reports the scarcity of food and the need of immediate relief much more serious than was understood even a few weeks ago.

This measure simply authorizes and directs the Federal Farm Board, with the approval of the President, to take such action as may be necessary to make immediately available 40,000,000 bushels of the surplus wheat now owned by the Grain Stabilization Corporation for emergency relief. It also provides that the Farm Board's revolving fund shall be credited with the average cost of so much of the 40,000,000 bushels as is withdrawn through such agency or agencies as may be designated by the President.

Adoption of the resolution will provide means for immediate relief for thousands of hundry persons in this country. The committee believes this action will be an act of humanity, and also that such action is justified in face of conditions that prevail in the country at the present time.

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Mr. Dill, from the Committee on Interstate Commerce, submitted

the following

REPORT

[To accompany S. 1037]

The Committee on Interstate Commerce, to whom was referred the bill (S. 1037) to amend the radio act of 1927, approved February 23, 1927, and for other purposes, having considered the same, report the same favorably and recommend that the bill do pass.

This bill is intended to effect the transfer of the radio inspection service now in the Department of Commerce to the control of the Radio Commission. This particular proposal has twice passed the Senate and has once passed the House of Representatives, but the bills in which it was contained were not reported from conference.

Under the radio act of 1927 the Radio Commission was given control of radio generally, but this remnant of control by the Department of Commerce has never been transferred. It consists entirely of an inspection force and its work is entirely for the assistance of the commission in its control of radio. This transfer is recommended by the Radio Commission and will make for greater efficiency and a more unified administration of the radio law.

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SENATE

720 CONGRESS 1st Session

{

REPORT
No. 26

FIXING THE COMMENCEMENT OF THE TERMS OF THE PRESIDENT AND VICE PRESIDENT AND MEMBERS OF CONGRESS

JANUARY 4, 1932.-Ordered to be printed

Mr. NORRIS, from the Committee on the Judiciary, submitted the

following

REPORT

(To accompany S. J. Res. 14)

The Committee on the Judiciary, having had under consideration the joint resolution (S. J. Res. 14) proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States fixing the commencement of the terms of President and Vice President and Members of Congress and fixing the time of the assembling of Congress, report the same to the Senate with the recommendation that the same do pass.

This resolution is in exactly the same form as it passed the Senate in the Seventy-first Congress and in practically the same form as it passed the Senate in five preceding Congresses. There is practically unanimous sentiment in the country in favor of this amendment. No logical objection has ever been made to the constitutional changes suggested, and its passage again by the Senate will be only a response to a patriotic sentiment, country-wide, for the proposed amendment.

In practically the same form as here reported this resolution passed the Senate the first time on February 13, 1923 (S. J. Res. 253, 67th Cong.). On the 22d day of February, 1923, it received a favorable report from the House committee and was placed on the House Calendar. No action was taken by the House, and it died on the 4th day of March, 1923, because of the adjournment of Congress. It passed the Senate the second time on the 18th day of March, 1924 (S. J. Res. 22, 68th Cong.), and on the 15th day of April, 1924, it was favorably reported by the House committee. It remained on the calendar of the House, without any action being taken thereon, from the 15th day of April, 1924, until the expiration of the Sixty-eighth

on the 4th day of March, 1925. It again passed the Senate in the Sixty-ninth Congress (S. J. Res. 9) on February 15, 1926. It was again favorably reported by the House committee on the 24th day of February, 1926, and remained on the House Calendar, without

Congress

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