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under the direction of personnel of agencies regularly responsible for those functions.
JOB CORPS CENTERS
SEC. 107. (a) The Director may make agreements with Federal, State, or local agencies, or private organizations for the establishment and operation of Job Corps centers. These centers may be residential and/or nonresidential in character and shall be designed and operated so as to provide enrollees, in a wellsupervised setting, with education, vocational training, work experience (either in direct program activities or through arrangements with employers), counseling, and other services 42 USC appropriate to their needs. The centers shall include conservation
2717 centers, to be known as Civilian Conservation Centers, to be located primarily in rural areas and to provide, in addition to
her training and assistance, programs of work experience focused upon activities to conserve, develop, or manage public natural resources or public recreational area's or to assist in developing community projects in the public interest. They shall also include men's and women's training centers to be located in either urban or rural areas and to provide activities which shall include training and other services appropriate for enrollees who can be expected to participate successfully in training for specific types of skilled or semiskilled employment.
(b) To the extent feasible, men's and women's training centers shall offer education and vocational training opportunities, together with supportive services, on a nonresidential basis to participants in programs described in part B of this title. Such opportunities may be offered on a reimbursable basis or through such other arrangements as the Director may specify.
PROGRAM ACTIVITIES SEC. 108. (a) Each Job Corps center shall be operated so as to provide enrollees with an intensive, well-organized and fully supervised program of education, vocational training, work experience, planned avocational and recreational activities, physical 42 USC rehabilitation and development, and counseling. To the fullest
2718 extent feasible, the required program for each enrollee shall include activities designed to assist him in choosing realistic career goals, coping with problems he may encounter in his home community or in adjusting to a new community, and planning and managing his daily affairs in a manner that will best contribute to long-term upward mobility Center programs shall include required participation in center maintenance support and related work activity as appropriate to assist enrollees in increasing their sense of contribution, responsibility, and discipline.
(b) To the extent practicable, the Director may arrange for enrollee education and vocational training through local public or private educational agencies, vocational educational institutions, or technical institutes where these institutions or institutes
can provide training comparable in cost and substantially equivalent in quality to that which he could provide through other means.
(c) Arrangements for education shall, to the extent feasible, provide opportunities for qualified enrollees to obtain the equivalent of a certificate of graduation from high school; and the Director with the concurrence of the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, shall develop certificates to be issued to enrollees who have satisfactorily completed their services in the Job Corps and which will reflect the enrollee's level of educational attainment.
(d) The Director shall prescribe regulations to assure that Job Corps work-experience programs or activities do not displace presently employed workers or impair existing contracts for service and will be coordinated with other work-experience programs in the community.
ALLOWANCE AND SUPPORT SEC. 109. (a) The Director may provide enrollees with such personal, travel, and leave allowances, and such quarters, subsistence, transportation, equipment, clothing, recreational services, and other expenses as he may deem necessary or appropriate to their needs. Personal allowances shall be established at a rate not to exceed $35 per month during the first six months of an
enrollee's participation in the program and not to exceed $50 42 USC per month thereafter, except that allowances in excess of $35 2719
per month, but not exceeding $50 per month, may be provided from the beginning of an enrollee's participation if it is expected to be of less than six months' duration and the Director is authorized to pay personal allowances in excess of the rates specified herein in unusual circumstances as determined by him. Such allowances shall be graduated up to the maximum so as to encourage continued participation in the program, achievement and the best use by the enrollee of the funds so provided and shall be subject to reduction in appropriate cases as a disciplinary measure. To the degree reasonable, enrollees shall be required to meet or contribute to costs associated with their individual comfort and enjoyment from their personal allowances.
(b) The Director shall prescribe specific rules governing the accrual of leave by enrollees. Except in the case of emergency, he shall in no event assume transportation costs connected with leave of any enrollee who has not completed at least six months service in the Job Corps.
(c) The Director may provide each former enrollee, upon termination, a readjustment allowance at a rate not to exceed $50 for each month of satisfactory participation in the Job Corps. No enrollee shall be entitled to a readjustment allowance, however, unless he has remained in the program at least ninety days, except in unusual circumstances as determined by the Director. The Director may, from time to time, advance to or on behalf of an enrollee such portions of his readjustment allowance as
the Director deems necessary to meet extraordinary financial 42 USC obligations incurred by that enrollee; and he may also, pursuant
2719 to rules or regulations, reduce the amount of an enrollee's readjustment allowance as a penalty for misconduct during participation in the Job Corps. In the event of an enrollee's death during his period of service, the amount of any unpaid readjustment allowance shall be paid in accordance with the provisions of section 5582 of title 5, United States Code.
(d) Under such circumstances as the Director may determine, a portion of the readjustment allowance of an enrollee not exceeding $25 for each month of satisfactory service may be paid during the period of service of the enrollee directly to a spouse or child of an enrollee or to any other relative who draws substantial support from the enrollee, and any sum so paid shall be supplemented by the payment of an equal amount by the Director.
STANDARDS OF CONDUCT SEC. 110. (a) Within Job Corps centers, standards of conduct and deportment shall be provided and stringently enforced. In the case of violations committed by enrollees, dismissals from 42 USC the Corps or transfers to other locations shall be made in every
2720 instance where it is determined that retention in the Corps, or in the particular Job Corps center, will jeopardize the enforce ment of such standards of conduct and deportment or diminish the opportunity of other enrollees.
(b) In order to promote the proper moral and disciplinary conditions in the Job Corps, the individual directors of Job Corps centers shall be given full authority to take appropriate disciplinary measures against enrollees including, but not limited to, dismissal from the Job Corps, subject to expeditious appeal procedures to higher authority, as provided under regulations set by the Director.
COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION SEC. 111. The Director shall encourage and shall cooperate in activities designed to establish a mutually beneficial relationship between Job Corps centers and surrounding or nearby communi- 42 USC ties. These activities shall include the establishment of community
2721 advisory councils to provide a mechanism for joint discussion of common problems and for planning programs of mutual interest. Whenever possible, such advisory councils shall be formed by and coordinated under the local community action agency. Youth participation in advisory council affairs shall be encouraged and where feasible separate youth councils may be established, to be composed of representative enrollees and representative young people from the communities. The Director shall establish necessary rules and take necessary action to assure that each center is operated in a manner consistent with this section with a view to achieving, so far as possible, objectives which shall include: (1) giving community officials appropriate advance notice of changes in center rules, procedures, or activities that
may affect or be of interest to the community; (2) affording the community a meaningful voice in center affairs of direct concern to it, including policies governing the issuance and terms of passes to enrollees; (3) providing center officials with full and rapid access to relevant community groups and agencies, including law enforcement agencies and agencies which work with young poeple in the community; (4) encouraging the fullest practicable participation of enrollees in programs or projects for
community improvement or betterment, with adequate advance 42 USC consultation with business, labor, professional, and other inter2721
ested community groups and organizations; (5) arranging recreational, athletic, or similar events in which enrollees and local residents may participate together; (6) providing community residents with opportunities to work with enrollees directly, as parttime instructors, tutors, or advisers, either in the center or in the community; (7) developing, where feasible, job or career opportunities for enrollees in the community; and (8) promoting interchanges of information and techniques among, and cooperative projects involving, the center and community schools, educational institutions, and agencies serving young people.
COUNSELING AND JOB PLACEMENT
SEC. 112. (a) The Director shall provide for the counseling and testing of each enrollee at regular intervals to follow his pro gress in educational and vocational programs.
(b) The Director shall counsel and test each enrollee prior
to his scheduled termination to determine his capabilities and 42 USC shall seek to place him in a job in the vocation for which he is 2723 trained and in which he is likely to succeed, or shall assist him
in attaining further training or education. In placing enrollees in jobs, the Director shall utilize the United States Employment Service to the fullest extent possible.
(c) The Secretary of Labor shall make arrangements to determine the status and progress of terminees and to assure that their needs for further education, training, and counseling may be met.
(d) Upon termination of an enrollee's training, a copy of his pertinent records, including data derived from his counseling and testing, other than confidential information, shall be made available immediately to the Department of Labor and the Office of Economic Opportunity.
(e) The Director shall, to the extent feasible in accordance with section 637(b) of this Act, arrange for the readjustment allowance provided for in section 109(c) of this Act, less any sums already paid pursuant to subsection (d) of that section, to be paid to former enrollees (who have not already found employment) at the public employment service office nearest the home of any such former enrollee, if he is returning to his home, or at the nearest such office to the community in which the former enrollee has indicated an intent to reside. The Secretary of Labor shall make arrangements by which public employment
service officers will maintain records regarding former enrollees who are thus paid at such offices including information as to
(1) the number of former enrollees who have declined the offices' help in finding a job;
(2) the number who were successfully placed in jobs without further education or training;
(3) the number who were found to require further training before being placed in jobs and the types of training programs in which they participated; and
(4) the number who were found to require further remedial or basic education in order to qualify for training programs, together with information as to the types of programs for which such former enrollees were found unquali
fied for enrollment. If the Director deems it advisable to utilize the services of any other public or private organization or agency in lieu of the public 42 USC employment office, he shall arrange for that organization or 2723 agency to make the payment of the readjustment allowance and maintain the same types of record's regarding former enrollees as are herein specified for maintenance by public employment service offices, and shall furnish copies of such records to the Secretary of Labor. In the case of enrollees who are placed in jobs by the Director prior to the termination of their participation in the Job Corps, the Director shall maintain records providing pertinent placement and follow-up information.
EVALUATION: EXPERIMENTAL AND DEVELOPMENTAL PROJECTS
SEC. 113. (a) The Director shall provide for the careful and systematic evaluation of the Job Corps program, directly or by contracting for independent evaluations, with a view to meas- 42 USC uring specific benefits, so far as practicable, and providing infor- 2724 mation needed to assess the effectiveness of program procedures, policies, and methods of operation. In particular, this evaluation shall seek to determine the costs and benefits resulting from the use of residential as opposed to nonresidential facilities, from the use of facilities combining residential and nonresidential components from the use of centers with large as opposed to small enrollments, and from the use of different types of program sponsors, including public agencies, institutions of higher education, boards of education, and private corporations. The evaluation shall also include comparisons with proper control groups composed of persons who have not participated in the program. In carrying out such evaluations, the Director shall arrange for obtaining the opinions of participants about the strengths and weaknesses of the program and shall consult with other agencies and officials in order to compare the relative effectiveness of Job Corps techniques with those used in other programs, and shall endeavor to secure, through employers, schools, or other Government and private agencies specific information concerning the residence of former enrollees, their employment status, compensation, and success in adjusting to community life. He shall also