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4.4 11: Ag 4
RESEARCH IN AGING AND NUTRITION PROGRAMS

FOR THE ELDERLY, 1971

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S. 887
TO AMEND THE PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE ACT TO PROVIDE
FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF

GERONTOLOGY

S. 1925

TO PROMOTE THE ADVANCEMENT OF RESEARCH IN AGING
THROUGH A COMPREHENSIVE AND INTENSIVE PROGRAM FOR
THE SYSTEMATIC STUDY OF THE AGING PROCESS IN HUMAN

BEINGS

S. 1163

TO AMEND THE OLDER AMERICANS ACT OF 1965 TO PROVIDE
GRANTS TO STATES FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT, MAINTE-
NANCE, OPERATION, AND EXPANSION OF LOW-COST MEAL
PROGRAMS, NUTRITION TRAINING AND EDUCATION PRO-
GRAMS, OPPORTUNITY FOR SOCIAL CONTACTS, AND FOR

OTHER PURPOSES

JUNE 1, 2, AND 14, 1971

Printed for the use of the
Committee on Labor and Public Welfare

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

88–179 O

WASHINGTON : 1971

COMMITTEE ON LABOR AND PUBLIC WELFARE

HARRISON A. WILLIAMS, JR., New Jersey, Chairman JENNINGS RANDOLPH, West Virginia JACOB K. JAVITS, New York CLAIBORNE PELL, Rhode Island

WINSTON PROUTY, Vermont EDWARD M. KENNEDY, Massachusetts PETER H. DOMINICK, Colorado GAYLORD NELSON, Wisconsin

RICHARD S. SCHWEIKER, Pennsylvania WALTER F. MONDALE, Minnesota

BOB PACKWOOD, Oregon THOMAS F. EAGLETON, Missouri

ROBERT TAFT, JR., Ohio
ALAN CRANSTON, California

J. GLENN BEALL, JR., Maryland
HAROLD E. HUGHES, Iowa
ADLAI E. STEVENSON III, Illinois

STEWART E. MCCLURE, Staff Director

ROBERT E. NAGLE, General Counsel
Roy H. MILLENSON, Minority Staff Director

EUGENE MITTELMAN, Minority Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE ON AGING

THOMAS F. EAGLETON, Missouri, Chairman
ALAN CRANSTON, California

J. GLENN BEALL, JR., Maryland
EDWARD M. KENNEDY, Massachusetts WINSTON PROUTY, Vermont
JENNINGS RANDOLPH, West Virginia RICHARD S. SCHWEIKER, Pennsylvania
HARRISON A. WILLIAMS, JR., New Jersey ROBERT TAFT, JR., Ohio
HAROLD E. HUGHES, Iowa

BOB PACKWOOD, Oregon
ADLAI E. STEVENSON III, Illinois

JAMES J. MURPHY, Counsel
MICHAEL S. GORDON, Minority Counsel

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CONTENTS

CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF WITNESSES

TUESDAY, JUNE 1, 1971

Williams, Hon. Harrison A., Jr., a U.S. Senator from the State of New

Jersey, Chairman, Senate Committee on Labor and Public Welfare---

Church, Hon. Frank, a U.S. Senator from the State of Idaho..

Cruikshank, Nelson H., president, National Council of Senior Citizens,

accompanied by Miss Dorothy McCamman...

Sinex, Dr. F. Marott, professor and chairman of the biochemistry depart-

ment, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Mass---

Hettinger, William P., Jr., Ph. D., private citizen, physical chemist, and

former advanced training grantee, NIH, National Institute of Child

Health and Human Resources.-

Eisdorfer, Dr. Carl, professor of psychiatry, and director, Center for Study

of Aging and Human Development, Duke University -

Harman, Dr. Denham, chairman, American Aging Association, and pro-

fessor of medicine and of biochemistry at University of Nebraska College

of Medicine, Omaha, Nebr.--

WEDNESDAY, JUNE 2, 1971

Eagleton, Hon. Thomas F., a U.S. Senator from the State of Missouri,

Chairman, Senate Subcommittee on Aging--

Kennedy, Hon. Edward M., a U.S. Senator from the State of Massachu-

setts, Chairman, Senate Subcommittee on Health..

Reason, Mrs. Ella, project director, Nutrition for the Elderly, Council of

Elders, Roxbury, Mass.-

Drucker, Edward M., vice president of marketing, Pronto Food Corp.,

Chicago, Ill..

Walters, Thomas G., president, National Association of Retired Federal

Employees, accompanied by Clarence M. Tarr, vice president.

Holmes, Douglas, Ph. D., director, Center for Community Research, New

York, N.Y...

Brickfield, Cyril, legislative counsel, National Retired Teachers Associa-

tion, American Association of Retired Persons, accompanied by Peter W.

Hughes, legislative representative, National Retired Teachers Associa-

tion, American Association of Retired Persons.-

Donnelly, Mrs. Marjorie, president, American Dietetic Association,

North Carolina State University, Raleigh, N.C.---

MONDAY, JUNE 14, 1971

Kurzman, Stephen, Assistant Secretary for Legislation, Department of

Health, Education, and Welfare, accompanied by John B. Martin,

Commissioner, Administration on Aging, and Dr. Robert Marston,

Director, National Institutes of Health -

Percy, Hon. Charles H., a U.S. Senator from the State of Illinois.-

(III)

245

265

234

172

113

77

83

138

STATEMENTS

Brickfield, Cyril, legislative counsel, National Retired Teachers Associa-

tion, American Association of Retired Persons,

accompanied by Peter W.

Hughes, legislative representative, National Retired Teachers Associa-

tion, American Association of Retired Persons.-

Prepared statement.-

Church, Hon. Frank, a U.S. Senator from the State of Idaho..

Cruikshank, Nelson H., president, National Council of Senior Citizens,

accompanied by Miss Dorothy McCamman

Prepared statement...

Donnelly, Mrs. Marjorie, president, American Dietetic Association, North

Carolina State University, Raleigh, N.C.
Drucker, Edward M., vice president of mareting, Pronto Food Corp.,

Chicago, Ill..
Eagleton, Hon. Thomas F., a U.S. Senator from the State of Missouri,

Chairman, Senate Subcommittee on Aging ---
Eisdorfer, Dr. Carl, professor of psychiatry, and director, Center for Study

of Aging and Human Development, Duke University-
Harman, Dr. Denham, chairman, American Aging Association, and pro-

fessor of medicine and of biochemistry at University of Nebraska College

of Medicine, Omaha, Nebr.---

Hettinger, William P., Jr., Ph. D., private citizen, physical chemist, and

former advanced training grantee, NIH, National Institute of Child

Health and Human Resources..

Holmes, Douglas, Ph. D., director, Center for Community Research,

New York, N.Y..

Prepared statement.

Kennedy, Hon. Edward M., a U.S. Senator from the State of Massachu-

setts, Chairman, Senate Subcommittee on Health.

Kurzman, Stephen, Assistant Secretary for Legislation, Department of

Health, Education, and Welfare, accompanied by John B. Martin, Com-

missioner, Administration on Aging, and Dr. Robert Marston, Director,

National Institutes of Health -

National Institutes of Health, prepared statement-
Pepper, Hon. Claude, Member of Congress from the State of Florida, pre-

pared statement..

Percy, Hon. Charles H., a U.S. Senator from the State of Illinois.

Prepared statement..

Reason, Mrs. Ella, project director, Nutrition for the Elderly, Council

of Elders, Roxbury, Mass-

Richardson, Eliot L., Secretary, Department of Health, Education, and

Welfare, prepared statement-

Sinex, Dr. F. Marott, professor and chairman of the biochemistry de-

partment, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Mass.

Prepared statement.

Strehler, Bernard L., Ph. D., professor of biology, University of Southern

California, Los Angeles, Calif., prepared statement.

Walters, Thomas G., president, National Association of Retired Federal

Employees, accompanied by Clarence M. Tarr, vice president....

Prepared statement..

Williams, Hon. Harrison A., Jr., a U.S. Senator from the State of New

Jersey, Chairman, Senate Committee on Labor and Public Welfare ----

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Articles, publications, etc.:

"Developments In Aging-1970," Chapter V, Nutrition and Other

Consumer Issues, from the annual report of the Senate Special

Committee on Aging-
"Nutrition for Older Americans: Demonstration Program Expe-

rience," a position paper published by Department of Health,
Education, and Welfare, Social and Rehabilitation Service, Admin-
istration on Aging, by Jeanette Pelcovits, M.A., and Douglas
Holmes, Ph. D....

245

286

19

141

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Page

235

201

290

236

107

131

Articles, publications, etc.-Continued

Policy statement of the American Dietetic Association (excerpt from

the Journal of the American Dietetic Association)-----
"Position Paper—Socialization Through Nutrition for the Elderly,”
prepared by Douglas Holmes, Ph. D.,

Director, Center for Research,
New York, N.Y., at the request of Commissioner John B. Martin,
Administration on Aging, Department of Health, Education, and

Welfare...
"Slowing the Clock," from the June 11, 1971, issue of News Focus,

by Charles Bartlett. “The American Dietetic Association Position Paper on Nutrition and

Aging," from Journal of the American Dietetic Association... "The Health of the Aged,” by Paul Dudley White, M.D., Boston,

Mass... “White House Conference on Food, Nutrition, and Health,” (final

report). Communications to:

Eagleton, Hon. Thomas Francis, a U.S. Senator from the State of
Missouri, chairman, Senate Subcommittee on Aging, from:
Brown, George H., Director, Bureau of the Census, U.S. Depart-

ment of Commerce, Washington, D.C., July 1, 1971.-
Martin, John B., Commissioner, Administration on Aging, De-
partment of Health, Education, and Welfare, July 22, 1971.--
Response to questions submitted by Senator Kennedy con-

cerning the Administration on Aging's position on Š. 887,

S. 1163, and S. 1925, July 23, 1971.
Walters, Thomas G., president, National Association of Retired

Federal Employees, July 22, 1971, with enclosure.
White, Paul D., M.D., Boston, Mass., June 25, 1971, with en-

closure (address delivered at Duke University)--
Harman, Dr. Denham, chairman, American Aging Association, de-

partment of biochemistry, University of Nebrak from Gerald D.
LaVeck, M.D., Director, National Institute of Child Health and

Human Development, April 8, 1971.--
Selected tables:

171

257

275

184

106

280

Cumulative analysis by program, NICHD.-
Historical analysis by program, NICHD.
NICHD budgets.
NICHD Research Grants in Aging-
NIH funding history -
Summary of aging research at NICHD.

218
217
216

60 213 59

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