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STATE DEPARTMENT OVERVIEW

United

HEARING

BEFORE THE

COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

ONE HUNDRED FIFTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

MARCH 5, 1998

SERISL NO. 105-75

Printed for the use of the Committee on Science

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

57-717

WASHINGTON : 1999

For sale by the U.S. Government Printing Office
Superintendent of Documents, Congressional Sales Office, Washington, DC 20402

Kr27 539 1998b Pt. 3 COPY

COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE

F. JAMES SENSENBRENNER, JR. Wisconsin, Chairman SHERWOOD L. BOEHLERT, New York GEORGE E. BROWN, JR., California* HARRIS W. FAWELL, Illinois

RALPH M. HALL, Texas CONSTANCE A. MORELLA, Maryland BART GORDON, Tennessee CURT WELDON, Pennsylvania

JAMES A. TRAFFICANT, JR., Ohio DANA ROHRABACHER, California

TIM ROEMER, Indiana JOE BARTON, Texas

JAMES A. BARCIA, Michigan KEN CALVERT, California

EDDIE BERNICE JOHNSON, Texas ROSCOE G. BARTLETT, Maryland

ALCEE L. HASTINGS, Florida VERNON J. EHLERS, Michigan +

LYNN N. RIVERS, Michigan DAVE WELDON, Florida

ZOE LOFGREN, California MATT SALMON, Arizona

MICHAEL F. DOYLE, Pennsylvania THOMAS M. DAVIS, Virginia

SHEILA JACKSON-LEE, Texas GIL GULKNECHT, Minnesota

BILL LUTHER, Minnesota MARK FOLEY, Florida

DEBBIE STABENOW, Michigan THOMAS W. EWING, Illinois

BOB ETHERIDGE, North Carolina CHARLES W. (CHIP) PICKERING,

NICK LAMPSON, Texas Mississippi

DARLENE HOOLEY, Oregon CHRIS CANNON, Utah

LOIS CAPPS, California KEVIN BRADY, Texas

BARBARA LEE, California MERRILL COOK, Utah

BRAD SHERMAN, California
PHIL ENGLISH, Pennsylvania

Vacancy
GEORGE R. NETHERCUTT, JR., Washington
TOM A. COBURN, Oklahoma
PETE SESSIONS, Texas
Vacancy

TODD R. SCHULTZ, Chief of Staff

BARRY C. BERINGER, Chief Counsel
ROBERT E. PALMER, Democratic Staff Director

VIVIAN A. TESSIERI, Legislative Clerk

+ Vice Chairman.
* Ranking Minority Member.

(See “History of Appointments” for further information concerning Membership on the Committee on Science.)

CONTENTS

Page

1

5
7

11

March 5, 1998: The Road from Kyoto Part 3: State Department Overview

Opening Statement by Representative F. James Sensenbrenner, Jr. (WI-

9), Chairman, Committee on Science, U.S. House of Representatives

Opening Statement by Representative George E. Brown, Jr. (CA-42),
Ranking Minority Member, Committee on Science, U.S. House of Rep-

resentatives

Opening Statement by Representative Sheila Jackson Lee (TX-18)

Opening Statement by Representative Eddie Bernice Johnson (TX-30)

Opening Statement by Representative Tim Roemer (IN-3)

The Honorable Stuart E. Eizenstat, Under Secretary of State for Eco-

nomic, Business and Agricultural Affairs, U.S. Department of State,

Washington, DC

Oral Testimony

Prepared Testimony

Biography

Discussion

Changes in the Kyoto Protocol Necessary So the President Can Sign

and the Senate Can Ratify

When Is the Administration Willing to Walk Away from the Protocol

and Declare It Fatally Flawed?

Timing of Administration Signing of the Protocol

What Happens if the U.S. Does Not Sign the Protocol by March

15, 1999?

U.S. Successes at Kyoto

Meaning of “Meaningful Participation"

Key Developing Country Participants and China

Signs of Success

Evidence of Global Warming and Meaning of "Discernible Human

Influence"

Potential Problems of Global Warming and Allocation of FY 1999

Budget Funds

Emissions Trading

Costs of Kyoto Protocol

Costs of Kyoto Protocol To Maryland

Impact of Kyoto Protocol on National Sovereignty

Kyoto Protocol and Role of UN Relative to U.S. Economic Growth

and Foreign Policy

Kyoto Protocol Impact on U.S. Military Missions or National Secu-

rity

Consequences of Failure to Meet Kyoto Protocol Targets

How Do We Know CO2 Causes Global Warming?

How Do We Know That We Are Truly Warming Rather Than Head-

ing Into an Ice Age?

Why Wouldn't We Be Happy With a Modest CO2 Increase?

Economic Impact of Kyoto Protocol on Pennsylvania

Mexico's and Other Developing Countries' Willingness to Participate

in and Share in the Regulatory Burdens

Separating Facts From Conclusions

Are the Global Climate Effects Good or Bad?

Exclusion of Developing countries from Kyoto Protocol Require-

ments ........

Ability to Amend the Kyoto Protocol

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