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COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

JAMES 0. EASTLAND, Mississippi, Chairman ESTES KEFAUVER, Tennessee

ALEXANDER WILEY, Wisconsin OLIN D. JOHNSTON, South Carolina WILLIAM LANGER, North Dakota THOMAS C. HENNINGS, JR., Missouri WILLIAM E. JENNER, Indiana JOHN L. MCCLELLAN, Arkansas

ARTHUR V. WATKINS, Utah PRICE DANIEL, Texas

EVERETT MCKINLEY DIRKSEN, Illinois JOSEPH C. O'MAHONEY, Wyoming

HERMAN WELKER, Idaho MATTHEW M. NEELY, West Virginia JOHN MARSHALL BUTLER, Maryland

SUBCOMMITTEE TO INVESTIGATE JUVENILE DELINQUENCY IN THE UNITED STATES

ESTES KEFAUVER, Tennessee, Chairman
THOMAS C. HENNINGS, JR., Missouri WILLIAM LANGER, North Dakota
PRICE DANIEL, Texas

ALEXANDER WILEY, Wisconsin
JAMES H. BOBO, General Counsel
PETER N. CHUMBRIS, A880ciate Counsel

ERNEST A. MITLER, Special Counsel
II

CONTENTS

Pago

15

5

183
55

84

125

111
145

Statement of-

Cunningham, George W., Deputy Commissioner of Narcotics, Federal

Bureau of Narcotics, Treasury Department, Washington, D. C----

Neeb, Robert A., Jr., attorney at law, Beverly Hills, Calif., and chair-

man, southern committee, Citizens' Advisory Committees on Crime

Prevention to the Attorney General, State of California --

Testimony of-

Chapman, Dr. Kenneth, consultant, Narcotic Drug Addiction,

National Institutes of Health, Department of Health, Education,

and Welfare, Washington, D. C.-.

“Joe Dixon”.

Driscoll, Inspector John F., detective division, Philadelphia County

Police Department, accompanied by Lt. Glasgow Driscoll, Phila-

delphia Police Department, Philadelphia, Pa.--
Emerick, Chester A., Deputy Commissioner of Customs in charge of

enforcement, Treasury Department, Washington, D. C.--
Himmelsbach, Dr. Clifton K., medical director, Chief, Division of

Hospitals, United States Public Health Service, Department of

Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, D. C.--

King, Rufus, attorney at law, Washington, D. C.-

Kolb, Dr. Lawrence, former medical director, United States Public

Health Hospital, Lexington, Ky

Lindesmith, Dr. Alfred, professor of sociology, Indiana University,

Bloomington, Ind...

Lowry, Dr. James, medical director, United States Public Health

Service Hospital, Lexington, Ky--

Mitler, Ernest A., special counsel, United States Senate Subcommittee

to Investigate Juvenile Delinquency-

Rosenfeld, Joe, Jr.

Schulz, Dr. John D., chief psychiatrist, D. C. General Hospital,

Washington, D. C.-

Strubinger, David R., Deputy Commissioner of Customs, Treasury

Department, Washington, D. C..
“Paul Taylor”
Terranova, Peter E., former head, New York City Police Department

narcotics squad, New York City--
Winick, Dr. Charles, research director, Narcotic Addiction Research

Project, New York, N. Y.-
Statement submitted by-

Brill, Leon
Howe, Dr. Hubert S.

159

37
139

130

119
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1. Copies of Senate Res sutik. 17; :*

! !!tion 303, 84th

Congress, 2d session

2. Resolution 'adopted by the die inzittee aitasizing the holding of

hearings in Washington, D.

3. Copy of the Assembly Bill No. 2334, California State Legislature.
4. Narcotic Addiction, å report to the Attorney General of California by

the Citizens' Advisory Committee to the Attorney General on Crime

Prevention dated March 26, 1954.

5. Article submitted by Dr. Chorles Winick_

6. The British System of Narcotics Control by Dr. Alfred R. Lindesmith.

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TREATMENT AND REHABILITATION OF JUVENILE

DRUG ADDICTS

MONDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1956

UNITED STATES SENATE,
SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY,
TO INVESTIGATE JUVENILE DELINQUENCY,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 10:10 a. m., in the caucus room, Senate Office Building, Senator Estes Kefauver (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

Present: Senators Kefauver and Langer.

Also present: James H. Bobo, general counsel; Ernest Mitler, special counsel; and Peter N. Chumbris, associate counsel.

Chairman KEFAUVER. We are here today to learn what constructive steps can be taken to improve our treatment program for juvenile drug addiction.

I am glad that our very faithful member of this subcommittee, Senator Langer, is with us today.

This, of course, is the subcommittee of the United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary To Investigate Juvenile Delinquency. In addition to Senator Langer and myself as chairman, the subcommittee is composed of Senators Thomas C. Hennings, Jr., of Missouri, Alexander Wiley, of Wisconsin, and Price Daniel, of Texas.

We were given the responsibility by the Senate of studying the extent and character of juvenile delinquency in the United States and (1) its causes and contributing factors; (2) the adequacy of existing law in dealing with youthful offenders of Federal laws; and (3) the problem of juvenile drug addiction.

The subcommittee has been in existence more than 3 years. During the first year, the subcommittee focused its attention on the overall environmental factors leading to the increase of juvenile delinquency at that time.

Hearings were held in many of the major cities throughout the United States, and local officials were given an opportunity to testify as to the problems in their area and their preventative programs.

After these initial hearings, studies and further hearings were held on specific problems relating to the juvenile delinquency problem. An exhaustive and complete study of the comic book industry was conducted and hearings were held.

As a result of these hearings, many of the extremes in brutality and cruelty which had been commonplace in comic books have been reduced. In addition, a self-regulatory body was established within the comic-book industry to set standards.

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