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COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY
S. Res. 173 and S. Res. 303
INVESTIGATION OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY IN THE
DECEMBER 17 AND 18, 1956
Printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary
Cunningham, George W., Deputy Commissioner of Narcotics, Federal
Bureau of Narcotics, Treasury Department, Washington, D. C...---
Neeb, Robert A., Jr., attorney at law, Beverly Hills, Calif., and chair-
Chapman, Dr. Kenneth, consultant, Narcotic Drug Addiction,
National Institutes of Health, Department of Health, Education,
and Welfare, Washington, D. C.
Driscoll, Inspector John F., detective division, Philadelphia County
Police Department, accompanied by Lt. Glasgow Driscoll, Phila-
Emerick, Chester A., Deputy Commissioner of Customs in charge of
Mitler, Ernest A., special counsel, United States Senate Subcommittee
Strubinger, David R., Deputy Commissioner of Customs, Treasury
Terranova, Peter E., former head, New York City Police Department
3. Copy of the Assembly Bill No. 2334, California State Legislature. -
5. Article submitted by Dr. Cherles Winick
6. The British System of Narcotics Control by Dr. Alfred R. Lindesmith_
NUMBER AND SUMMARY OF EXHIBIT continued
7. Traffic In Dope by Dr. Alfred R. Lindesmith___
8. Material submitted by Dr. James V. Lowry-
9. Material submitted by Dr. John D. Schulz...
10. The Narcotics Bureau and the Harrison Act: Jailing the Healers and
the Sick by Rufus King, an article appearing in volume 62:736 of the
11. Let's Stop This Narcotics Hysteria by Dr. Lawrence Kolb, an article
appearing in the July 28, 1956, issue of the Saturday Evening Post__
TREATMENT AND REHABILITATION OF JUVENILE
MONDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1956
UNITED STATES SENATE,
SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY,
TO INVESTIGATE JUVENILE DELINQUENCY,
Washington, D. C.
The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 10: 10 a. m., in the caucus room, Senate Office Building, Senator Estes Kefauver (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.
Present: Senators Kefauver and Langer.
Also present: James H. Bobo, general counsel; Ernest Mitler, special counsel; and Peter N. Chumbris, associate counsel.
Chairman KEFAUVER. We are here today to learn what constructive steps can be taken to improve our treatment program for juvenile drug addiction.
I am glad that our very faithful member of this subcommittee, Senator Langer, is with us today.
This, of course, is the subcommittee of the United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary To Investigate Juvenile Delinquency. In addition to Senator Langer and myself as chairman, the subcommittee is composed of Senators Thomas C. Hennings, Jr., of Missouri, Alexander Wiley, of Wisconsin, and Price Daniel, of Texas.
We were given the responsibility by the Senate of studying the extent and character of juvenile delinquency in the United States and (1) its causes and contributing factors; (2) the adequacy of existing law in dealing with youthful offenders of Federal laws; and (3) the problem of juvenile drug addiction.
The subcommittee has been in existence more than 3 years. During the first year, the subcommittee focused its attention on the overall environmental factors leading to the increase of juvenile delinquency at that time.
Hearings were held in many of the major cities throughout the United States, and local officials were given an opportunity to testify as to the problems in their area and their preventative programs.
After these initial hearings, studies and further hearings were held on specific problems relating to the juvenile delinquency problem. An exhaustive and complete study of the comic book industry was conducted and hearings were held.
As a result of these hearings, many of the extremes in brutality and cruelty which had been commonplace in comic books have been reduced. In addition, a self-regulatory body was established within the comic-book industry to set standards.