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so Legal and Legislative. A :

More Proposed Label Legislation. or compounds in bulk, to be thereafter placed H. R. 9832.

in containers suitable for the retail trade, with the intent to evade the provisions of

this Act. A bill has been introduced into the House of Representatives at Washington

Sec. 4. That nothing in this State shall be

construed as repealing any of the provisions which is really an amendment to the

of the Act approved June thirtieth, nineteen Food and Drugs Act and seeks to make

hundred and six, entitled "An Act for preventthe labels on all drugs and medicines

ing the manufacture, sale, or transportation shipped in interstate commerce show the true contents and proportions of ingre- foods, drugs, medicines, and liquors, and for

of adulterated or misbranded or deleterious dients, and placing the enforcement in the hands of the Secretary of Agriculture.

regulating traffic therein, and for other purSince this amounts to a straight declar

poses,” or any Act amendatory thereof.

Sec. 5. That the Secretary of Agriculture ation of formula which is the manufacturer's stock in trade, there is little hope

is hereby authorized to prescibe all needful in our opinion that it will become a law

rules and regulations for carrying this Act

into effect, and it shall be unlawful for any in its present form. Laws which have deliberately sought to give to the public person to violate any such regulations, and

upon conviction of such violation shall be trade secrets have rarely been enacted and we do not believe this one will.

punished to the same extent as for the violation The text of the bill is as follows:

of any of the provisions of this Act.

Sec. 6. That any person who shall violate SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate any of the provisions of this act, or any lawful and House of Representatives of the United regulation duly made and promulgated by the States of America in Congress assembled. Secretary of Agriculture hereunder, shall be That it shall be unlawful to introduce into any guilty of a misdemeanor and for each offense State or Territory or the District of Columbia shall, upon conviction thereof, be fined not to from any other State or Territory or the exceed $500, or shall be sentenced to one year's District of Columbia or from any foreign imprisonment, or both sucb fine and imprisoncountry or to ship to any foreign country any ment, in the discretion of the court, and for article of canned food unless a statement shall each subsequent offense and conviction thereof be plainly printed upon the label thereof, shall be fined not less than $1,000 or sentenced showing the year the same was canned and to one year's imprisonment, or both such fine showing also the true contents thereof and the and imprisonment, in the discretion of the proportions of each ingredient therein.

court. SEC. 2. That it shall likewise be unlawful

als to introduce into any State or Territory or the District of Columbia from any other State or Secretary of Agriculture Makes Annual Territory or the District of Columbia or from

Report. any foreign country or to ship to any foreign country any drug or medicinal product or compound inclosed in any bottle or other container

PLAN TO REORGANIZE THE DEPARTMENT. and intended to be sold at retail unless there To promote the condition, allow greater shall be plainly printed upon a label upon such latitude in carrying out of projects, and bottle or other container a statement showing to establish a more logical handling of the true contents thereof and the proportions regulatory work and research, investigaof each ingredient therein.

tion and demonstration work, the SecreSEC. 3. That it shall be unlawful to intro- tary will ask the Congress in the coming duce into any State or Territory or the District

estimates for authority to prepare a plan of Columbia from any other State or Territory for reorganizing, redirecting, and systeor the District of Columbia or from any foreign matizing the work of the Department as country or to ship to any foreign country any the interests of economical and efficient article of food, drugs, or medicinal products administration may require. This plan would be submitted in the fiscal estimates Department in food and drug work, the for 1916. It is believed that the Depart- Secretary called a conference which was ment can best carry on its functions and attended by representatives of 32 states, carry its information to the people it the District of Columbia and Porto Rico. seeks to serve, probably by having its It is believed that this conference has work conducted in five or six main groups promoted much better understanding and such as a research service, a regulatory will lead to a number of specific improveservice, a State relations service, a rural ments. An office which will act as a organization service, a forest service, a clearing house of information among the weather service, and others as special state and federal food and drug officials occasion might warrant.

will be established to prevent duplication

of work and promote harmonious action PROMOTION BASED ON EFFICIENCY. A system of efficiency ratings affecting vealed certain weaknesses in the food and

and co-operation. Experience has reall clerical and subclerical employees, drugs act-notably the lack of provision designed to eliminate all danger of favor- for legal standards, and its failure to itism and to provide for promotion entire- apply to certain external remedies. The ly upon merit, has been established.

Secretary will ask that authority be Increased efficiency and considerable economy, have been gained through granted to prepare and submit such

amendments to this law as may be deemed changes in the handling of fiscal matters.

needful to safeguard the health of the It is recommended that the Depart- people, establish standards, better define ment be given authority to increase the drugs, 'improve the food supply and prominimum salary of $4,000 which now can

mote uniformity in the matter of food be paid to scientific investigators. It is

legislation. pointed out that many of the leaders in the Department could command salaries PROSECUTIONS UNDER FOOD AND DRUGS in many cases more than twice what they ACT AND OTHER REGULATORY ACTS. are receiving

Prosecutions under the Food and Drugs

Act and other regulatory statutes will be COUNTRY TO BE DISTRICTED TO ENFORCE

expedited and made still more effective FOOD AND DRUGS ACT. Certain reorganizations have been ef

through co-operation with the Departfected in the Bureau of Chemistry looking

ment of Justice whereby the Solicitor will toward more effective administration of

prepare cases in the form of criminal in

formations and place at the service of the the Food and Drugs Act and to greater

U. S. District Attorneys in the trial of constructive technological assistance to

cases the Department's attorneys who are manufacturers in avoiding waste, reduc

thoroughly familiar with the highly teching cost of manufacture and to help them

nical and technological aspects of many develop purer products which will comply of these causes. Under the Food and with the law. The country will be divid- Drugs Act, 1048 cases were transmitted ed into several districts each under the direction of a competent official. All amounting to $23, 463.50 were imposed in

to the Department of Justice. Fines branch laboratories and food inspectors 596 criminal cases, and decrees of conwill be under single direction and will work together instead of being indepen- other cases.

demnation and forfeiture entered in 365

Eight hundred and sixtydent of each other, a condition which led

seven Notices of Judgment were publishto lack of coordination in the past.

ed. The courts have evinced a disposiCertain branch laboratories will be con

tion to impose more severe penalties in solidated because the work can be done

food and drug cases. more effectively and more cheaply in the larger central laboratories which are provided with complete equipment and

Putting it up Quick. specializing chemists. Effort will be

William, who was erecting an edifice out of made to make the act more of a hygienic building blocks, showed such unusually bungmeasure through increased attention to ling workmanship that his father, who is a milk, eggs, oysters, and fish, which are

carpenter, took him to task. subject to organic contamination and may “What kind of a shack do you call that?” become carriers of disease.

he asked the boy. To bring about greater harmony in the "Oh, that's all right, papa," replied William, work of the State food officials and the "I'm building it to rent.”The Wasp.

Oils of Birch and Wintergreen Now

Under Surveillance.

Boards of Pharmacy -:

PHARMACISTS.

Twelve shipments of oil purporting to be Oil of Birch or Oil of Wintergreen have Pennsylvania Board of Pharmacy. been seized in interstate commerce. The goods were seized on the allegation,

At the examination given by the State either that they were adulterated and Pharmaceutical Examining Board, in misbranded in being offered for sale as oil Pittsburg and Philadelphia, on Novemof birch or oil of wintergreen when, in

ver 7 and 8, sixty-three persons applied fact, the goods contained added manu

for registration as pharmacists. Thirtyfactured methyl salicylate; or were color

three passed the examinations and thirty ed in a manner to conceal inferiority.

failed. Of the 153 applicants for qualiFederal food and drug inspectors are

fied assistant pharmacist certificates, giving special attention to shipments of

110 were successful and forty-three failed. oil of birch and oil of wintergreen, in

The names of those successful were as order to prevent a widespread practice follows: on the part of shippers of mixing a small quantity of natural oil of birch, which

James C. Alexander, George L. McMillin and costs from $1.50 to $2.00 a pound, or oil

William H. Lysscomb, of Pittsburgh; Albert L. of wintergreen, which is worth $4.25 to Kossler, Crafton; Harry J. Garvey, Charleroi; $4.50 a pound, with synthetically or Walter W. Siegel, Erie; Charles R. George, artifically made methyl salicylate worth

Juniata; Michael Strozzi, Buffalo, N. Y.

George W. Carey, Harry E. Casey, M. only 30 to 33 cents per pound.

Beatrice Comber, Arthur J. Durand, Alfred Those who think they are buying natu- M. Evans, Leonora G. Fetters, Meyer S. ral oils and get the artificial substance Glauser, Ralph A. Hurley, Aaron Lipschutz, in lieu of any part, pay from five to fif

Michael J. Mandarino, Pilibos Movsesian,

Charles A. McBride, all of Philadelphia. teen times the real price of the synthetic

Earle 0. Bong and Alvin H. Kern, of Allendrug.

town; Howard J. Koch, Coopersburg; Agnes In none of these instances has the case Duvoisin, Clifton Heights; Fanny Ferry, been tried, nor has the question of wheth

Freeland; Wilford G. Stauffer, New Holland;

Lloyd P. Griesemer and C. Raymond Moyer, of er the charges are justifiable yet been

Reading, Harold A. McKean, Ridley Park; passed upon by the court.

John J. Bridgeman, Jr., West Chester; Marvin
A. Shales, Wilkes-Barre; John F. Keppler,
Williamsport; Jan. S. Jorczak, Thorndike,

Mass.
Kentucky Legislature to Convene.

QUALIFIED ASSISTANTS.

Arthur L. Baer, Ernest Davies, Lee A. The Kentucky Legislature begins a Donaldson, George M. Gillen, Leo F. Jerome, sixty day session in January and the James J. Klavon, William J. Kirsch, Theodore pharmaceutical brethren are in doubt W. McDermott, John W. Rouzer, Howard A.

Ward, all of Pittsburgh. as to what will be attempted in the way

William H. Seeds, Altoona; Elmer Bierwith, of legislation affecting Pharmacy.

Bellevue; Clyde T. Reed, Butler; Charles H. The trade in Kentucky is very well Lee, Charleroi; Leslie R. Davies, Crafton; organized at present through its state and

Martin Kovacs, S. Potter Brown, Jr., J. V.

Stephenson, Jr., Greensburg; Harold Marsh, local associations and its legislative

Irwin; Guss A. Bitner, Jeannette; Carl J. Committees will be on hand at the Capi- Dumeyer, Johnstown; Henry D. Primas, tol to safeguard its interests.

Lock No. 4. The personel of the legislative Com- George A. Herd, Connellsville; John B.

Torry, Cambridge Springs; Stanley A. Guskea, mittees is as follows: For the Kentucky

Mononga hela; Edward H. Hoak, Elmer Thomas State Association, Robt. J. Frick, Chair- Mekcesport, Daniel Kovacs, McKees Rocks; man, of Louisville; H. K. McAdams, of Cecil Anthony, Natrona; Harry L. Miller, Lexington, and Clyde Grady, of Smith- Washington; Glenn B. Hamilton, Fairmount, mills; for the Louisville Association, Robt.

W. Va.; James A. Archibald, Wheeling, W. Va.

Leon H. Anthony, M. Lewis Augenblick, J. Frick, Chairman, Wm. Votteler and Louis N. Blaustein, J. William Bright, Samuel Emanuel Meyers.

M. Chenkin, Benjamin Cohen, Parker B.

Creep, William Eidelson, Isaac S. Gadol, The Balkan War has brought about a rise

John H. Gralnick, Paul L. Hartnett, William in certain lumber prices of Europe, because of

Hendrie, John W. Holloway, Abraham Hurthe big demand for wood for ammunition

witz, Vorris Kabacoff, Louis Kron, Matthew boxes.

very high in his profession in this state and is the proprietor of two of the leading drug stores in the upper section of the city. In conduct of his office in the enforcement of the State Pharmacy Laws he has adopted the policy of prosecution instead of persecution thereby increasing the efficiency of the druggist through his co-operation rather than antagonism.

Mr. Walsdorf is very active in his profession being a member of the American Pharmaceutical Association, President of the Louisiana State Pharmaceutical Association, member of the Orleans Pharmaceutical Association and a member of the Board of Control of the American Druggist Syndicate and is very active in civic and fraternal circles of the city and state.

I. Lasley, Owen B. Law, Michael Meisel, George N. Netsky, Everett J. Roberts, John A. Ruplis, Harry M. Sagosky, Morris Senn, Robert J. Stewart, Charles F. Siegfried, Harvey A. Shiley, Edith Schofield, David L. Subin, Walter Weidler and Joseph L. Wilder, all of Philadelphia.

Vincent P. "O'Neill, Ashland; Samuel A. Tretheway, Boyertown; Harold' Schoonover, Carbondale; Fred L. Carn, Claysburg; Paul F. Houser and Harry W. Null, Chambersburg, Lester Y. Brendle and Raymond G. Gibney, Coatesville; John E. Collins, Conshohocken; Walter R. Scher, Dushore; Chalmer J. Durand, Easton, Alpheus W. Resser, East Berlin; Earl S. Gottschall, Eddystone; Laroy L. Pennypacker, Fort Washington; John A. Fiscel, Gettysburg; Calvin E. Bell, Huntington; Joshua Israel, Lawndale.

J. William Shaffer, William H. Snyder, Lebanon; Clark M. Miller, Lewiston; C. Paul Mallard, Llanerch; George W. Gerhard, Macungie; William A. Wallace, Charles Whitman, Middletown; Harry L. Guers, Pottsville; Daniel B. Nagel, Henry Mathias, Paul E. Rhoads and C. LeRoy Wall, Reading; Walter W. Rex, Slatington; Člayton H. Mouer, Shippensburg; George W. Samuel, Stroudsburg, Frank J. Reddon, Susquehanna; William M. Kemner, Tamaqua; Robert A. Levy, Trumbauersville; Gerald J. Ruddy, and Martin Y. Smulyan, Wilkes-Barre.

Isaac D. Kinley, Williamsport; Asher M. Hawk, Harold E. Werkheiser, Wind Gap; A. Hastings Fitzskee, Wrightsville; Louis J. Kleinfeld, Alliance, Ń. J.; Harold McAleer, Bridgeton, N. J.; Lawrence G. Beisler, Hilton; N. J.; William J. B. Clymer, Phillipsburg, N. J.; Thomas A. Cramer, Point Pleasant, N. J.; Martin F. Carmody, Syracuse, N. Y.

The next examinations will be held in Harrisburg on March 14, 1914.

Joy Een Da Nose. My nose eet ees a varra funny theeng! Eet always please' me besta een da spreeng, For dat'sa time mos' evra breeze dat blows Eees breeng som’ kind of flower to my nose. So, even een da ceety, evratheeng Dat grows I like da smal of een da spreeng.

Som' smals een summer too, I like, but not So moocha like da spreeng; dey are too hot. An' som' of dem you meet upon da street Dey are too ripe for w'at you calla “sweet;": But steell een summer when ees com’da rose Eet maka moocha pleasure een my nose.

Een fall, w'en com’s da frost upon da breeze,
I smal da leaves dat die upon da trees
An’ flowers dat are een deir graves, an' gat
No pleasure een my nose at all from dat.
But steell we have da fruit, an' best of all,
I like da smal from apples een da fall.

Louisiana State Board of Pharmacy.

Dere ees no sweet perfume een snow an' ice,
An' so to me da weenter ees not nice,
But steell da smal of peanuts w'en dey roast
Ees warm an' sweet een weenter-time. But

most I like dees pipe tobac' beneath my nose, Dat keep do blama theeng from gattin' froze.

T. A. Daly in New York Times.

The results of the examination held November 21 and 22, at the Tulane University, New Orleans, for certificates as registered pharmacists and qualified assistants are as follows: There were eighteen applicants, of which Ralph Donaway of New Orleans was awarded a certificate as registered pharmacist. Those awarded certificates as qualified assistants were George McDuff of New Orleans and B. B. Kennedy, of Pinola, Miss.

Edward H. Walsdorf, Secretary of the Louisiana State Board of Pharmacy, is just in receipt of his commission from Gov. Luther E. Hall reappointing him as a member of the Board to succeed himself. Mr. Walsdorf has been a member of the Board for the last five years and his reappointment comes endorsement of the good services he has rendered for the advancement of the condition of Pgarmacy in this state. Mr. Walsdorf stands

A Good Reformer. “Say, Dad, I'm writing an essay on a man who held the chairs of botany, meteorology, physiology, chemistry, and etomology in a small college. Would you refer to such a man simply as Professor?

“No, Jonnie, I'd call a man who could hold as many chairs as that an acrobat.”

--Woman's IIome Companion.

as

an

Association News and Items.

*

a few

What Caused the Failure of the minor exceptions) illegal if stronger than Montgomery County Branch. ten percent phenol solution. This was

turned down, while had there been the

pressure of such an association as the G. Referring to the demise of the local

D. A., this would now be an ordinance and association, I consider it most disastrous

the public benefitted thereby. to the pharmaceutical life and welfare of

B. G. RIDGEWAY. this locality. It is also unfortunate for the State Association, as if there is no local interest it will be hard to find or create interest in that organization. The Ideal Pharmacist from the PhysiI can attribute the death of the Dayton

cian's Standpoint.* Association to but one of two causes: lack of interest, or gross selfish interest.

These requirements from the standEach could and did cause a small attendance at the meetings for several years

point of the physician, we would like

best to put down in the form of ten comand in the past six months a complete mandments

, which in our opinion ought to absence, even to the Secretary.

be as sacredly observed as those of our Gross selfish interest may have existed

Holy Bible. They are as follows: to the extent that each member was afraid

1. The foundation for the pharmacist to leave his store for fear his neighbor should be laid with a high grade of prewould be benefited by the sale of

liminary education.

He must possess stamps, or a package of Epsom salt or a

more than ordinary every day education $1. article for which he would receive 69

of the average man.

This is necessary cents. No other cause that I can ima

for the more intelligent understanding of agine could have stood in the way, as

the practice of the principles of pharhad any other causes existed, the meeting was the place to discuss and remove them.

macy; it creates a more intelligent work

er, perhaps a broader minded man. The I do not believe reorganization on the pharmacist must also be morally fit for old lines is possible with the present mate- the profession, ready and willing to entail rial. We have in Dayton an organiza- sacrifices; he must not be over-ambitious tion which is a combination of all the

as a business man, but rather inclined organizations including the Chamber of

toward professionalism. Commerce, known as the Greater Dayton

2. The pharmacist should indeed be Association (G. D. A.) sometimes referred

a pharmacist, well trained in his profesto as the Gold Dollar Association.

sion, thoroughly qualified, and able to Many organizations have become a perform the numerous techniques in part of this and are the better for it as the pharmacy, and not to be dependant solely G. D. A. will have 10,000 members all upon ready made products of the factory. working together and taking up and work- He must be a prescriptionist, able to read ing for the betterment of each branch. and interpret a prescription; able to

; Should any one branch, trade or profes- criticize it, to detect incompatibilities. sion have a plan that is for its betterment He must be familiar with the doses of the and for the general good and welfare, it ingredients, well versed in pharmaceutical can be taken up by the whole association arithmetic, to be able to make correct and stands more chance of being put over computations, and last, but surely not than in a small organization of a few members. For instance, the Retail Drug

Abstract of a paper read at the Joint

Meeting between physicians and pharmacists gists Association several years ago drafted

held on October 6th, at the New Grand Central and endeavored to have passed by the Palace, New York City, in connection with City Council a carbolic acid ordinance, the First Annual Drug Trade Exhibition, and making the sale of carbolic acid in the city reprinted from the Bulletin of the New Jersey

State College of Pharmacy. (except on prescriptions and on other

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