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The breakthrough in educational legislation which characterized the work of the 88th Congress was made possible in large part because of the spirit of consensus and conscionable compromise transcending partisan consideration which prevailed during the consideration of education bills.

Areas of legislative agreement which were reached on higher education construction assistance, expansion of vocational education, library services and construction assistance, and National Defense Education Act programs all testify to this spirit. In the best interests of the Nation and the Nation's children, it is my hope that the same factors which have led to the success we have had in this Congress will continue to manifest themselves in future, as we take up and complete the unfinished work which remains.

Certainly, one of our major objectives in the 89th Congress should be the provision of soundly based financial assistance to our young men and women who have the ability to profit from higher education but who lack the financial resources to undertake or complete college work. In order that our Education Subcommittee might have ready access to the factual situation which prevails with regard to the resources under other programs which are available to the potential college student, Senator Prouty and I last spring jointly requested the Legislative Reference Service of the Library of Congress to make the study which follows. I know I speak for our entire subcommittee when I express our sincere appreciation and thanks for a job well done to Dr. Hugh L. Elsbree, the Director of the Legislative Reference Service, and his staff associates led by Miss Helen Miller.

I also am personally greatly indebted to the gracious and distinguished junior Senator from Vermont for his unfailing courtesy, as ranking member of the minority on the subcommittee, in resolving the problems which we faced in our operations. I fully concur in his comments and share the sentiments which he has so well expressed in the concluding paragraphs which follow.

WAYNE MORSE, Chairman, Education Subcommittee.

How can I ever afford to send my children to college?

This is a question that is heard more and more often these days and quite understandably so.

During the last 30 years, college tuition costs have risen nearly 500 percent and the American Council on Education sees no relief in sight. Indeed, the council estimates that tuition will rise by another 50 percent in both private and public institutions over the next decade.

A recent study discovered that 69 percent of parents interviewed expect to send their children to college, but 40 percent of these families feel that they cannot afford to do so. The Education Subcommittee,

. of which I am ranking Republican member, has become convinced that the cost of providing a college education places too heavy a burden on the average American family and the membership, working in a bipartisan spirit, has endeavored constantly to alleviate this major problem.

We have provided substantial fund increases for the national defense student loan program and we have developed legislation designed to encourage part-time employment of college students from low-income families who need additional support in order to stay in college.

Yet these programs, however worthy, are not adequate in themselves to remove the heavy load which the cost of higher education places on the mothers and fathers of this country. Recognizing this, the distinguished senior Senator from Oregon and I requested the Library of Congress to assist the Education Subcommittee in compiling a much-needed volume of information on possible sources of financial assistance for needy and talented young men and women who deserve but cannot afford a higher education.

It is our hope, and indeed the hope of all members of the subcommittee, that this volume will reveal new vistas of opportunity that might not have been discovered without its publication. And we hope too that the volume will serve as a symbol of our belief that every young American should be given a fair chance to succeed.

WINSTON L. PROUTY, Ranking Minority Member, Education Subcommittee.


Guide to Financial Assistance for Education Beyond High School


Because of the numerous inquiries received by Members of Congress for student financial aid information, the Subcommittee on Education of the Senate Committee on Labor and Public Welfare requested that the Legislative Reference Service compile the following booklet. This handbook is an attempt to provide in a single source helpful financial aid information and other guidelines for students throughout the Nation who are seeking to continue their education beyond high school.

In an effort to achieve this purpose, the following methods were used: (1) Letters from the Subcommittee on Education of the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare were sent to the Governor of each State. Enclosed was a questionnaire requesting information concerning State-financed student aid programs. For the most part the information reported in the section entitled "State Financial Assistance Information” was taken directly from answers to these questionnaires. However, because of the diversity among State programs and methods of reporting the information, it was necessary in some cases, to interpret the answers to correspond with the charting format. For example, information concerning type of assistance was interpreted according to the following distinction between general and specialized scholarships: General scholarships—those which are not limited to a specific category of student and do not require designated career plans; specialized scholarships—those intended for a specific type of student (e.g., veterans or their children) or requiring specific eligibility or career plans (e.g., science talent or intention to enter the teaching profession).

When no reply was received from a State by the time of publication, selected information was inserted from State codes and statutes.

(2) The Legislative Reference Service wrote to each State superintendent of education requesting a copy of any available student financial aid publications in order to cite them as sources of information for students in each State.

(3) The selected list of privately financed national student assistance programs was compiled from numerous reference sources and correspondence with certain sponsoring organizations. Since there is no central clearinghouse of information concerning such assistance, this compilation should not be considered a complete list. Moreover, it is especially designed for the student seeking to continue his education beyond high school but not the graduate student, nor the student desiring to study abroad.

(4) In keeping with this design, the section entitled "Other Information for the Student Planning Education Beyond High School,” is included to suggest (a) additional information on student assistance for attending college, and (6) other opportunities for continuing education beyond high school.

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