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Solomons, N. W. and R. A. Jacob. 1981. Studies on the bioavailability of zinc in humans: Effects of heme and non-heme iron on the absorption of zinc. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 34:475-482.
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Spectral elec oencephalographic correlates of iron status: Tired blood revisited. Physiol. Behav. 26:439-449.
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REPORT ON THE EVALUATION OF CLINICAL NUTRITION RESEARCH UNITS, FISCAL YEAR 1982
Under the authority of the Public Health Service Act, Section 301
(amended), the National Institutes of Health (NIH) support Clinical Nutrition Research Units (CNRUS). These Units are designed to
multidisciplinary approach to clinical nutrition, and to
complement NIH-supported project grants and training awards and
relevant activities funded from other sources.
Currently there are
seven CNRUS supported by the National Institutes of Arthritis,
Diabetes, and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIADDK) and the
National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Advances in nutritional sciences are derived from, and thus depen
dent on, many disciplines (such as biochemistry, molecular biology, genetics, and physiology) and medical specialties (such as internal
medicine, obstetrics, pediatrics, and surgery). The dependence upon
the close interaction among research, health services, and education
is evident in each of the CNRUs in operation. Examples of major
efforts of the Units include research in hospital malnutrition and its
prevention; research in the role of nutrition in the etiology and pre
vention of cancer, diabetes, atherosclerosis, cystic fibrosis, and
other diseases; clinical investigations in the nutrition requirements of
infants and children for normal growth and development; and the
development of high quality Nutritional Support Services.
In 1981, site visits were made to each of the four CNRUs funded
in August or September, 1979; in 1982, similar visits were made to
Units initiated in September, 1980.
The purpose of these site visits,
conducted collaboratively by representatives from NIADDK, NCI, and
several non-NIH clinical nutrition scientists, was to evaluate the effec
tiveness of the CNRU mechanism at each site after 20 months of opera
In 1982, scientists from the Veterans Administration and the
United States Department of Agriculture Nutrition Center were also
invited to participate in the evaluation vists.
A continuing goal of NIH is to enhance coordination and cooper
ation among the CNRUs; to stimulate multidisciplinary nutrition research,
nutrition education, and research training in nutrition; and to encourage
the development of Nutritional Support Services in medical centers.
The Comptroller General's Final Report, Progress Made in Federal
Human Nutrition Research Planning and coordination; Some Improve
ments Needed, recommended that the Secretary of Health and Human
Services (HHS) instruct the Director of the National Institutes of
1 u.s. Government Accounting Office. Progress Made in Federal
Human Nutrition Research Planning and Coordination; Some Improvements Needed, Pubn. No. CED-82-56, May 21, 1982.
Health (NIH) to prepare a summary report on the activities of Clinical Nutrition Research Units (CNRUS). This publication has been prepared in response to that recommendation and provides back
ground information about, and highlights of, the CNRU initiative in
nutrition research, training in nutrition research, nutrition support
services, and nutrition education.
The report is intended to be useful
and informative to Federal nutrition research administrators and other
interested parties, including specific Congressional committees and
the scientific community.