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Mr. BROWN. That concludes my opening statement, Mr. Chairman.

[The opening statement of Hon. George E. Brown, Jr., follows:]

OPENING STATEMENT

HON. GEORGE E. BROWN, JR.

THE ROLE OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IN HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH

JULY 14, 1983

THE HEARI NGS TODAY ARE A CONTINUATION OF OVERSIGHT BY THE AGRICULTURE

AND SCIENCE COMMITTEES ON HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH. THEY ARE ALSO A PART OF THE DEPARTMENT OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FOREIGN AGRICULTURE

SUBCOMMITTEE'S CURRENT SERIES TO REVIEW THE SCIENCE AND EDUCATION ACTIVITIES OF USDA AND THE INTERRELATIONSHIP OF THOSE ACTIVITIES WITH

PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTORS WHICH SPONSOR AND UTILIZE AGRICULTURE

RESEARCH.

OUR SUBJECT TODAY, "THE ROLE OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IN HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH", WILL SET THE STAGE FOR FUTURE DISCUSSIONS

REGARDING THE ROLE OF OTHER SECTORS OF SOCIETY IN ACHIEVING NUTRITION

RESEARCH GOALS, WHAT THOSE GOALS SHOULD BE, WHO SHOULD AND WILL DEF I NE

THEM, AND HOW THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT SHOULD ORGANIZE TO EFFECTIVELY

MANAGE THEIR RESPONSIBILITY.

CAREFUL DEVELOPMENT, ANALYSIS, AND APPLICATION OF NUTRITION RESEARCH

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STRATEGIC

PLANS

FOR ACHIEVING

SOCIETAL

GOALS WHICH INCLUDE THE

AVAILABILITY OF BOTH QUALITY FOOD AND HEALTH SYSTEMS, INCLUDING HEALTH

PROMOTION.

TO ACHIEVE THESE INTERRELATED GOALS, THERE IS NO QUESTION

THAT NUTRITION CONSIDERATIONS MUST BE A COMPONENT OF AGRICULTURE

RESEARCH AT THE PRODUCTION LEVEL AND BEYOND THE FARM GATE, AS WELL AS

RESEARCH INTERFACING THE BIOMEDICAL, SOCIAL AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES. BUT, THE FEDERAL AGENCIES, INCLUDING NSF AND EPA, WHO CAN

DO

FACILITATE THIS INTERCHANGE AL SO HAVE MECHANISMS IN PLACE TO IMPLEMENT

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REPRESENTATIVES OF THE BROAD RANGE OF DISCIPLINES AND AGENCIES WHICH

ENCOMPASS THE SCIENCE AND APPLICATION OF NUTRITION COULD PLAY A MAJOR

ROLE IN THIS INTERCHANGE.

AN IMPORTANT COMPONENT OF SUCH A PLAN IS

THE OPPORTUNITY FOR PARTICIPATION BY THE ACADEMIC, PRIVATE, AND STATE

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DEL I NEATE THE PRIORITIES OF THESE GROUPS AND IDENTIFY THOSE ACTIVITIES

WHICH THEY CAN PREPARE TO UNDERTAKE TO ACHIEVE NATIONAL GOALS. THIS PROCESS WILL ALSO ASSIST IN GAINING THEIR SUPPORT AND UNDERSTANDING OF THE FEDERAL PLAN AND THE PRIORITIES WHICH ARE IDENTIFIED AS THE NECESSARY AND PROPER ROLE OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IN HUMAN NUTRITION

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EXECUTIVE BRANCH TO MOVE FROM TODAY'S PREOCCUPATION WITH BUDGETS AND

ADMINISTRATION TO THE ROLE OF

SCIENCE

IN ADDRESSING THE NATION'S

ECONOMIC PROBLEMS AND ENHANCING THE QUALITY OF LIFE. THEREFORE, I WAS

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RECOMMENDATION OF THE MAY 1982 GAO REPORT THAT HE "DIRECT THE JOINT SUBCOMMITTEE ON HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH TO DEVELOP A FEDERAL NUTRITION RESEARCH PLAN". HOWEVER, I AM DISTURBED THAT HE TERMINATED

THAT SUBCOMMITTEE LAST MONTH BEFORE EVEN THE FRAMEWORK FOR SUCH A PLAN

OR AN ALTERNATIVE FOR CONSTRUCTING IT WAS IN PLACE.

IN MY

VIEW, THE FUNCTIONS OF THIS SUBCOMMITTEE HAVE NOT BEEN COMPLETED. THE LEGISLATIVE INTENT OF THE FEDERAL COORDINATING COUNCIL FOR SCIENCE, ENGINEERING, AND TECHNOLOGY (FCCSET), UNDER WHICH THIS

JOINT SUBCOMMITTEE WAS ESTABLISHED, WAS THE COORDINATION OF RELATED ACTIVITIES, RESEARCH, AND POLICY RESPONSIBILITIES WHICH FALL UNDER MORE THAN ONE FEDERAL AGENCY. BECAUSE OF THE COMPLEXITY OF THE TASK, AND NO DOUBT THE NEED TO DEFEND BIASES AND TURFS. THE JOINT

SUBCOMMITTEE HAS BEEN BUILDING THE INFRASTRUCTURE FOR COORDINATION.

IT APPEARS TO ME THAT A NUTRITION RESEARCH PLAN IS NECESSARY BEFORE

THIS GROUP, OR ANY ALTERNATIVE, CAN EFFECTIVELY COORDINATE RESEARCH,

NOT TO MENTION POLICY AMONG THE EIGHT FEDERAL AGENCIES INVOLVED.

WE LOOK FORWARD TO THE VIEWS OF OUR WITNESSES TODAY AND THEIR ADVICE ON HOW THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, INCLUDING THE CONGRESS, CAN EFFECTIVELY

DEF I NE, COMMUNICATE, AND COORDINATE ITS ROLE AND RESPONSIBILITIES IN

HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH.

Mr. WALGREN. Thank you, Mr. Brown.

With that, let's turn to the panel from the Department of Health and Human Services. As you gentlemen know, your written statements will be made part of the record, without objection, and reprinted for the review of other members and the public in total.

We would encourage you to summarize or outline your statements in whatever way is most effective to make the points that you would like to underscore to the committees. We are very pleased that you would be here and make yourself available to us. We feel that it is an extremely important process and we appreciate your viewing it in the same light.

Dr. Brandt.

STATEMENT OF HON. EDWARD N. BRANDT, JR., M.D., Ph. D., AS

SISTANT SECRETARY FOR HEALTH, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF
HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, ACCOMPANIED BY JAMES B.
WYNGAARDEN, M.D., DIRECTOR, NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF
HEALTH; MANNING FEINLEIB, M.D., Dr., P. H., DIRECTOR,
NATIONAL CENTER FOR HEALTH STATISTICS, AND STANFORD A.
MILLER, Ph. D., DIRECTOR, BUREAU OF FOODS, FOOD AND
DRUG ADMINISTRATION
Dr. BRANDT. Thank you very much, Mr. Chairman, Mr. Brown.

I appreciate this opportunity to review with you the present and future directions for human nutrition research of the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS], and also to review with you our national efforts to monitor nutritional status.

With me today are several officials of the Department who are closely associated with departmental activities in nutrition research, nutritional assessment and monitoring, and regulation of the food supply. To my far right, Dr. Manning Feinleib, Director of the National Center for Health Statistics; [NCHS) to my near right, Dr. James Wyngaarden, Director of the National Institutes of Health (NIH); and to my left, Dr. Sanford Miller, Director of the Bureau of Foods of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

As you know, our Department has a vast array of activities important to improving our understanding regarding nutrition, as well as for applying that knowledge to efforts designed to enhance the nutritional well-being of the American people.

Last year, my testimony discussed research activities extensively. This year we will provide an overview of the planning and coordination of present and future directions in human nutrition research, including the development of research agendas, and we will emphasize the implementation of the Human Nutrition Research Information and Management System and the National Nutrition Monitoring System.

Turning to nutrition research, in fiscal year 1982, the Department expended $155 million for nutrition research, all of it in the Public Health Service.

In addition to this amount, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) expended $2.6 million and the National Center for Health Statistics estimates an expenditure of $2.8 million on nutrition-related activities.

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