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Mr. BROWN. That concludes my opening statement, Mr. Chairman.
[The opening statement of Hon. George E. Brown, Jr., follows:]
HON. GEORGE E. BROWN, JR.
THE ROLE OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IN HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH
JULY 14, 1983
THE HEARI NGS TODAY ARE A CONTINUATION OF OVERSIGHT BY THE AGRICULTURE
AND SCIENCE COMMITTEES ON HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH. THEY ARE ALSO A PART OF THE DEPARTMENT OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FOREIGN AGRICULTURE
SUBCOMMITTEE'S CURRENT SERIES TO REVIEW THE SCIENCE AND EDUCATION ACTIVITIES OF USDA AND THE INTERRELATIONSHIP OF THOSE ACTIVITIES WITH
PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTORS WHICH SPONSOR AND UTILIZE AGRICULTURE
OUR SUBJECT TODAY, "THE ROLE OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IN HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH", WILL SET THE STAGE FOR FUTURE DISCUSSIONS
REGARDING THE ROLE OF OTHER SECTORS OF SOCIETY IN ACHIEVING NUTRITION
RESEARCH GOALS, WHAT THOSE GOALS SHOULD BE, WHO SHOULD AND WILL DEF I NE
THEM, AND HOW THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT SHOULD ORGANIZE TO EFFECTIVELY
MANAGE THEIR RESPONSIBILITY.
CAREFUL DEVELOPMENT, ANALYSIS, AND APPLICATION OF NUTRITION RESEARCH
GOALS WHICH INCLUDE THE
AVAILABILITY OF BOTH QUALITY FOOD AND HEALTH SYSTEMS, INCLUDING HEALTH
TO ACHIEVE THESE INTERRELATED GOALS, THERE IS NO QUESTION
THAT NUTRITION CONSIDERATIONS MUST BE A COMPONENT OF AGRICULTURE
RESEARCH AT THE PRODUCTION LEVEL AND BEYOND THE FARM GATE, AS WELL AS
RESEARCH INTERFACING THE BIOMEDICAL, SOCIAL AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES. BUT, THE FEDERAL AGENCIES, INCLUDING NSF AND EPA, WHO CAN
FACILITATE THIS INTERCHANGE AL SO HAVE MECHANISMS IN PLACE TO IMPLEMENT
REPRESENTATIVES OF THE BROAD RANGE OF DISCIPLINES AND AGENCIES WHICH
ENCOMPASS THE SCIENCE AND APPLICATION OF NUTRITION COULD PLAY A MAJOR
ROLE IN THIS INTERCHANGE.
AN IMPORTANT COMPONENT OF SUCH A PLAN IS
THE OPPORTUNITY FOR PARTICIPATION BY THE ACADEMIC, PRIVATE, AND STATE
DEL I NEATE THE PRIORITIES OF THESE GROUPS AND IDENTIFY THOSE ACTIVITIES
WHICH THEY CAN PREPARE TO UNDERTAKE TO ACHIEVE NATIONAL GOALS. THIS PROCESS WILL ALSO ASSIST IN GAINING THEIR SUPPORT AND UNDERSTANDING OF THE FEDERAL PLAN AND THE PRIORITIES WHICH ARE IDENTIFIED AS THE NECESSARY AND PROPER ROLE OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IN HUMAN NUTRITION
EXECUTIVE BRANCH TO MOVE FROM TODAY'S PREOCCUPATION WITH BUDGETS AND
ADMINISTRATION TO THE ROLE OF
IN ADDRESSING THE NATION'S
ECONOMIC PROBLEMS AND ENHANCING THE QUALITY OF LIFE. THEREFORE, I WAS
RECOMMENDATION OF THE MAY 1982 GAO REPORT THAT HE "DIRECT THE JOINT SUBCOMMITTEE ON HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH TO DEVELOP A FEDERAL NUTRITION RESEARCH PLAN". HOWEVER, I AM DISTURBED THAT HE TERMINATED
THAT SUBCOMMITTEE LAST MONTH BEFORE EVEN THE FRAMEWORK FOR SUCH A PLAN
OR AN ALTERNATIVE FOR CONSTRUCTING IT WAS IN PLACE.
VIEW, THE FUNCTIONS OF THIS SUBCOMMITTEE HAVE NOT BEEN COMPLETED. THE LEGISLATIVE INTENT OF THE FEDERAL COORDINATING COUNCIL FOR SCIENCE, ENGINEERING, AND TECHNOLOGY (FCCSET), UNDER WHICH THIS
JOINT SUBCOMMITTEE WAS ESTABLISHED, WAS THE COORDINATION OF RELATED ACTIVITIES, RESEARCH, AND POLICY RESPONSIBILITIES WHICH FALL UNDER MORE THAN ONE FEDERAL AGENCY. BECAUSE OF THE COMPLEXITY OF THE TASK, AND NO DOUBT THE NEED TO DEFEND BIASES AND TURFS. THE JOINT
SUBCOMMITTEE HAS BEEN BUILDING THE INFRASTRUCTURE FOR COORDINATION.
IT APPEARS TO ME THAT A NUTRITION RESEARCH PLAN IS NECESSARY BEFORE
THIS GROUP, OR ANY ALTERNATIVE, CAN EFFECTIVELY COORDINATE RESEARCH,
NOT TO MENTION POLICY AMONG THE EIGHT FEDERAL AGENCIES INVOLVED.
WE LOOK FORWARD TO THE VIEWS OF OUR WITNESSES TODAY AND THEIR ADVICE ON HOW THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, INCLUDING THE CONGRESS, CAN EFFECTIVELY
DEF I NE, COMMUNICATE, AND COORDINATE ITS ROLE AND RESPONSIBILITIES IN
HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH.
Mr. WALGREN. Thank you, Mr. Brown.
With that, let's turn to the panel from the Department of Health and Human Services. As you gentlemen know, your written statements will be made part of the record, without objection, and reprinted for the review of other members and the public in total.
We would encourage you to summarize or outline your statements in whatever way is most effective to make the points that you would like to underscore to the committees. We are very pleased that you would be here and make yourself available to us. We feel that it is an extremely important process and we appreciate your viewing it in the same light.
STATEMENT OF HON. EDWARD N. BRANDT, JR., M.D., Ph. D., AS
SISTANT SECRETARY FOR HEALTH, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF
I appreciate this opportunity to review with you the present and future directions for human nutrition research of the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS], and also to review with you our national efforts to monitor nutritional status.
With me today are several officials of the Department who are closely associated with departmental activities in nutrition research, nutritional assessment and monitoring, and regulation of the food supply. To my far right, Dr. Manning Feinleib, Director of the National Center for Health Statistics; [NCHS) to my near right, Dr. James Wyngaarden, Director of the National Institutes of Health (NIH); and to my left, Dr. Sanford Miller, Director of the Bureau of Foods of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
As you know, our Department has a vast array of activities important to improving our understanding regarding nutrition, as well as for applying that knowledge to efforts designed to enhance the nutritional well-being of the American people.
Last year, my testimony discussed research activities extensively. This year we will provide an overview of the planning and coordination of present and future directions in human nutrition research, including the development of research agendas, and we will emphasize the implementation of the Human Nutrition Research Information and Management System and the National Nutrition Monitoring System.
Turning to nutrition research, in fiscal year 1982, the Department expended $155 million for nutrition research, all of it in the Public Health Service.
In addition to this amount, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) expended $2.6 million and the National Center for Health Statistics estimates an expenditure of $2.8 million on nutrition-related activities.