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(2) a program to require regular engine tuneups for all automotive vehicles;

(3) discontinuation of all advertising encouraging increased energy consumption;

(4) regular inspection and maintenance of commercial and industrial heating and air-conditioning units; (5) maximum winter thermostat settings of not more than sixty-five degrees Fahrenheit and minimum summer settings of not less than eighty degrees Fahrenheit in all buildings owned or leased by the Federal Government;

(6) increased average occupancy of private auto

mobiles through the use of carpools. During commuter

14 rush hours and at other specified times, parking and

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access in certain critical areas may be limited to cars

with three or more occupants;

(7) a program of public education to encourage energy conservation measures in private homes and in the private sector, including:

(A) regular inspection and maintenance of

home heating and air-conditioning units, and

(B) reductions in heating, hot water, and elec

tricity consumption.

SEC. 203. MANDATORY FEDERAL ACTION FOR FUEL

25 CONSERVATION.-Notwithstanding any action taken on the

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1 part of State or local governments pursuant to section 202, 2 the President shall in time of actual or impending emergency

3 fuel shortage

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(a) require that existing electrical powerplants which now burn petroleum or natural gas and which

have the capability to reconvert to coal shall convert the necessary plant equipment and revert to burning coal as their primary energy source. If necessary, the President may grant temporary variances from air quality emissions standards on a plant-by-plant basis, for the dura

tion of the emergency fuel shortage only, to permit the

burning of coal if the only available coal, when burned, will exceed established air quality standards.

(b) authorize independent regulatory authorities, such as the Civil Aeronautics Board and the Interstate Commerce Commission, to permit variances from existing schedules and routings to increase load factors, reduce the number of scheduled trips, or shorten distances traveled, in order to conserve fuel. In particular, airlines

shall be required to operate at maximum capacity whereever possible.

(c) develop and implement federally sponsored incentives for the use of public transportation, including priority rationing of fuel for mass transit systems, and

Federal subsidies for reduced fares and additional ex

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penses incurred because of increased service, for the du

ration of the emergency fuel shortage.

SEC. 204. MANDATORY FEDERAL ACTIONS TO IN4 CREASE AVAILABLE DOMESTIC PETROLEUM SUPPLIES.5 In the event an emergency fuel shortage is declared pursuant 6 to section 201, the President shall also initiate the following 7 measures to supplement domestic energy supplies for the du8 ration of the emergency:

9 (a) Require production of certain designated existing 10 domestic oil fields at rates in excess of their current estab11 lished maximum efficient rates (MER). Fields to be so des12 ignated, by the appropriate State governments or by the 13 Office of Oil and Gas, shall be those where the types and 14 quality of reservoirs are such as to permit production at rates 15 in excess of the currently assigned sustainable MER for pe16 riods of ninety days or more without excessive risk of losses *17 in recovery.

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(b) Authorize the Office of Oil and Gas to require:

(1) a program of mandatory allocations of crude supplies to insure that all refineries are operating at maximum possible capacity, and

(2) the adjustment of processing operations of domestic refineries to produce refined products in proportions commensurate with national needs and con

sistent with the priorities established in accordance with

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section 202. The Office of Oil and Gas shall make projections of anticipated product requirements and mandate

the necessary adjustments in domestic refinery runs accordingly.

SEC. 205. EXTENSION AND DEVELOPMENT OF CONTINGENCY SUPPLIES.-The President is hereby authorized

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(a) (1) require production of oil and gas from currently developed resources of the Naval Petroleum Reserves numbered 1, 2, 3, and 4; and

(2) require expeditious exploration and further development of these reserves to

(A) determine the full extent of the oil and gas reserves located thereon; and

(B) make possible the production of oil and gas from the reserves at or in excess of their maximum efficient rate.

(b) require electric powerplants in the planning

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process or under construction, which are designed to burn oil or gas, to be designed and constructed with the

ready capability to burn coal as well as oil and gas as a primary fuel;

(c) develop and implement such plans and programs as may be necessary to facilitate and expedite

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the greatest possible expansion of existing domestic pro

duction and refinery capacity.

TITLE III-ADMINISTRATION AND

AUTHORIZATIONS

SEC. 301. CONGRESSIONAL APPROVAL.-Within thirty

6 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the President 7 shall submit to Congress requirements for the emergency 8 fuel shortage contingency programs provided for in title II 9 of this Act. These requirements will be approved by Con10 gress unless, within fifteen days of such submission, seven of 11 which must have been in legislative session, the Congress 12 specifically disapproves of all or part of the program, and 13 concurrently offers specific alternative provisions for those 14 portions disapproved.

15 SEC. 302. ECONOMIC INCENTIVES.-The Cost of Living 16 Council is hereby authorized and directed to develop incen17 tives to encourage private industry and individual persons 18 to subscribe to the goals of this Act and to comply with the 19 requirements of programs developed and implemented pur20 suant to this Act.

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SEC. 303. STATE LAWS.-(a) No State law or program 22 in effect on the date of enactment of this Act, or which may 23 become effective thereafter, shall be superseded by any pro24 vision of this Act or any program issued pursuant thereto

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