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erations for mechanical or other reasons, and intensified worldwide competition for scarce petroleum;

(f) because of the diversity of conditions, climate, and available fuel mix in different areas of the Nation, the primary governmental responsibility for developing and enforcing emergency fuel shortage contingency plans lies with the States and with the local governments of major metropolitan areas.

SEC. 102. PURPOSES.-The purpose of this Act is to

(a) grant to the President of the United States, and direct him to exercise, specific temporary authority to deal with shortages of crude oil, residual fuel oil, and refined petroleum products, or dislocations in their na

tional distribution system. The authority granted under this Act shall be exercised for the purpose of minimizing

the adverse impacts of such shortages or dislocations on the American people and the domestic economy;

(b) protect the public health, safety, and welfare and the national security, and to assure the continuation of vital public services and full employment in the face

of critical energy shortages;

(c) provide a national program to conserve scarce energy resources, through mandatory and voluntary rationing and conservation measures, implemented by Federal, State, and local governments;

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(d) direct the President and State and local governments to develop and demonstrate contingency plans which shall have the practical capability of reducing

United States petroleum consumption by 10 per centum

within ten days and by 25 per centum within four weeks

of any interruption of normal supply.

TITLE II-EMERGENCY FUEL SHORTAGE
CONTINGENCY PROGRAMS

SEC. 201. PRESIDENTIAL AUTHORIZATION.-(a) The

10 President is hereby authorized to declare a national or 11 regional emergency requiring implementation of emergency 12 fuel shortage contingency programs as provided for in this 13 title. For the purposes of this Act, the term "emergency fuel 14 shortage" means a disparity of 5 per centum or more between 15 energy requirements and energy supply, or between the avail16 able supply of petroleum and petroleum products and require17 ments for such fuels.

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(b) The President may, at his discretion, extend or renew the declared emergency fuel shortage as long as the 20 shortage conditions, described in subsection (a) above, con21 tinue to exist.

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SEC. 202. EMERGENCY FUEL SHORTAGE CONTIN

23 GENCY PLANS.-(a) Not later than thirty days after the 24 date of enactment of this Act, the President shall promulgate 25 requirements for emergency rationing, conservation, and con

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1 tingency programs to be developed by each State and major 2 metropolitan government, and to be implemented for the 3 President by such State and local governments in the event 4 the President determines there is an emergency fuel short5 age. Such programs, which must be developed within ninety 6 days after the date of enactment of this Act, shall assure the 7 all vital services will be maintained and that unnecessary 8 energy consumption will be curtailed.

9 (b) The rationing and conservation programs provided 10 for in subsection (a) above shall include the following con11 servation measures:

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14.

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(1) an established priority system and plan for rationing of scarce fuels among distributors and consumers

during periods of critical shortages, and

(2) measures to reduce energy consumption in the affected area by 10 per centum within ten days, and by 25 per centum within four weeks after implementation. (c) In the event that a State or major metropolitan area fails to design and implement a contingency program 20 as provided for in subsection (a), the President shall imple21 ment for such State or metropolitan area a Federal rationing 22 and energy conservation program which will include the fol23 lowing mandatory measures:

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(1) reduction in maximum speed limits on all roads

to fifty miles per hour or less;

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(d) direct the President and State and local govern

ments to develop and demonstrate contingency plans which shall have the practical capability of reducing United States petroleum consumption by 10 per centum

within ten days and by 25 per centum within four weeks

of any interruption of normal supply.

TITLE II-EMERGENCY FUEL SHORTAGE

CONTINGENCY PROGRAMS

SEC. 201. PRESIDENTIAL AUTHORIZATION.-(a) The

10 President is hereby authorized to declare a national or 11 regional emergency requiring implementation of emergency 12 fuel shortage contingency programs as provided for in this 13 title. For the purposes of this Act, the term "emergency fuel 14 shortage" means a disparity of 5 per centum or more between 15 energy requirements and energy supply, or between the avail16 able supply of petroleum and petroleum products and require17 ments for such fuels.

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(b) The President may, at his discretion, extend or 19 renew the declared emergency fuel shortage as long as the 20 shortage conditions, described in subsection (a) above, con21 tinue to exist.

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SEC. 202. EMERGENCY FUEL SHORTAGE CONTIN

23 GENCY PLANS.-(a) Not later than thirty days after the 24 date of enactment of this Act, the President shall promulgate 25 requirements for emergency rationing, conservation, and con

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1 tingency programs to be developed by each State and major 2 metropolitan government, and to be implemented for the

President by such State and local governments in the event

the President determines there is an emergency fuel short5 age. Such programs, which must be developed within ninety 6 days after the date of enactment of this Act, shall assure the 7 all vital services will be maintained and that unnecessary 8 energy consumption will be curtailed.

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(b) The rationing and conservation programs provided 10 for in subsection (a) above shall include the following con

11 servation measures:

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(1) an established priority system and plan for rationing of scarce fuels among distributors and consumers during periods of critical shortages, and

(2) measures to reduce energy consumption in the affected area by 10 per centum within ten days, and by 25 per centum within four weeks after implementation. (c) In the event that a State or major metropolitan 19 area fails to design and implement a contingency program 20 as provided for in subsection (a), the President shall imple21 ment for such State or metropolitan area a Federal rationing 22 and energy conservation program which will include the fol23 lowing mandatory measures:

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(1) reduction in maximum speed limits on all roads

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