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- 7

Conclusions

Bearing in mind that oil-fired power plants maintain on the average a 30-day supply of oil and assuming further that, as soon as an oil-supply emergency is declared, the Nation will at once:

1.

2.

3.

4.

Initiate measures for the conservation of all forms
of energy;

Initiate special measures for the conservation of
fuels derived from crude oil;

Initiate measures for maximizing the use of coal in
all segments of the economy;

Develop a working mechanism for rationing, allocating,
and transporting fuels so as to assure continuity of
operation of the electric power plants.

it appears that the nation's electric power generating industry could, within three weeks, absorb a cut in residual oil supply of perhaps 2.2 million barrels per week (annual rate of 114 million barrels equivalent to 18.9 percent of 1972 residual imports). 1/ At the end of six months the electric power industry could theoretically accept a cut of 3.5 million barrels per week (annual rate of 182 million barrels equivalent to 28.6 percent of 1972 residual oil imports) and at the end of one year 3.8 million barrels per week (annual rate of 198 million barrels equivalent to 31.0 percent of 1972 residual oil imports).

Because of the concentration of oil burning power plants in certain areas, the above requirements to permit continued operations under a severe reduction in availability of fuel oil would create strenuous problems of supply which could not be solved on short notice and would require comprehensive advance planning if serious disruption of area power supplies were to be avoided.

As evident from Table 8, even after allowing one year to maximize the use of coal in steam-electric power plants, electric power generation in the east and west coast regions would remain heavily dependent on residual oil. It appears, therefore, that in the event of a severe cut-back in the supply of residual oil from abroad, it will become necessary to institute a comprehensive fuel allocation program if electric utilities in the coastal regions are to continue to serve their customers reliably.

1/ A 2.0 million barrel equivalent of new coal entering the system and perhaps another 10%, or a 0.2 million barrel equivalent load to be picked up by coal-fired plants.

PSA 9/73

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TABLE 2 (A)

FOSSIL STEAM GENERATION CAPACITY AND FUEL CONSUMPTION OF UNITS REPORTING ON FPC FORM 36, BY RELIABILITY COUNCIL AREA, 1972

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*FPC News Release No. 19370 of June 27, 1973, reports fuel consumption under steam-electric boilers in the contiguous United States as: 350.78 million tons

Coal

011

-

-

432.32 million barrels (including distillate oil used under steam-electric boilers) 3,763.74 million Mcf

*** Based on average 1971 heating values of fuels burned by electric utilities:

Gas

-

** Includes distillate oil used under steam-electric boilers

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TABLE 2 (B)

FOSSIL STEAM GENERATION CAPACITY AND FUEL CONSUMPTION OF UNITS REPORTING ON FPC FORM 36 BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION

1972

Nameplate Capacity (MW)

Fuel Burned in 1972*

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* FPC News Release No. 19370 of June 27, 1973, reports fuel consumption under steam-electric boilers in the contiguous United States as: Coal 350.78 million tons

-

011 -- 432.32 million barrels (including distillate oil used under steam-electric boilers) 3,763.74 million Mcf.

*** Based on average 1971 heating values of fuels burned by electric utilities:

Gas

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** Includes distillate oil used under steam-electric boilers

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