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TITLE I-STATEMENT OF FINDINGS AND

PURPOSES

SEC. 101. FINDINGS.-The Congress hereby determines

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(a) shortages of crude oil, residual fuel oil, and refined petroleum products caused by inadequate domestic production, environmental constraints, and the unavailability of imports sufficient to satisfy domestic demand, now exist;

(b) such shortages have created or will create severe economic dislocations and hardships, including loss of jobs, closing of factories and businesses, reduction of crop plantings and harvesting, and curtailment of vital

public services, including the transportation of food and other essential goods;

(c) such shortages and dislocations jeopardize the normal flow of commerce and constitute a national

energy emergency which is a threat to the public health, safety, and welfare and can be averted or minimized most efficiently and effectively through prompt action

by the executive branch of Government;

(d) disruptions in the availability of imported en

ergy supplies, particularly crude oil and petroleum products, pose a serious risk to national security, economic

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well-being, and health and welfare of the American people;

(e) interruptions of energy supplies, both in the near term and in the future, will require emergency measures to reduce energy consumption, increase domestic production of energy resources, and provide for equitable distribution of available supplies to all Americans;

(f) the development of a comprehensive energy policy to serve all of the people of the United States necessitates the regulation of intrastate delivery and use of energy resources in order to insure the effective regulation of interstate and foreign commerce in energy;

(g) because of the diversity of conditions, climate, and available fuel mix in different areas of the Nation, a primary governmental responsibility for developing and enforcing emergency fuel shortage contingency plans lies with the States and with the local governments of major metropolitan areas acting in accord with the provisions of this Act.

SEC. 102. PURPOSES.-The purpose of this Act is to

(a) declare by Act of Congress an energy emer

gency;

(b) grant to the President of the United States,

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and direct him to exercise, specific temporary authority

to deal with shortages of crude oil, residual fuel oil, and refined petroleum products, and other fuels, or dislocations in their national distribution system;

(c) provide a national program to conserve scarce energy resources, through mandatory and voluntary rationing and conservation measures, implemented by Federal, State, and local governments;

(d) protect the public health, safety, and welfare and the national security, and to assure the continuation of vital public services and maximum employment in the face of critical energy shortages;

(e) minimize the adverse effects of such shortages or dislocations on the economy and industrial capacity

of the Nation;

(f) direct the President and State and local governments to develop contingency plans which shall have the practical capability for reducing energy consumption by no less than 10 per centum within ten days and by no less than 25 per centum within four weeks of any

interruption of normal supply.

TITLE II-EMERGENCY FUEL SHORTAGE

CONTINGENCY PROGRAMS

SEC. 201. DECLARATION OF EMERGENCY.-The Con

gress hereby declares that current and imminent fuel short26 ↑ ages have created an energy emergency.

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SEC. 202. PRESIDENTIAL AUTHORIZATION.— (a) 3 The

2 President is hereby authorized to implement emergency fuel

3 shortage contingency programs as provided for in this title.

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(b) For the duration of the energy emergency, the 5 President is further authorized to enter into appropriate 6 understandings, arrangements, or agreements with concerned 7 domestic interests, foreign states, or foreign nationals, or 8 international organizations, to adjust and allocate imports 9 of fossil fuels, or take such other action as he deems neces10 sary, with respect to trade in fossil fuels, in order to achieve 11 the purposes of this Act.

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(c) The declared emergency fuel shortage and the au13 thority granted by this Act shall terminate one year after 14 the date of enactment of this Act.

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SEC. 203. EMERGENCY FUEL SHORTAGE CONTIN16 GENCY PLANS.— (a) Not later than fifteen days after the 17 date of enactment of this Act, the President shall promul18 gate and implement a national emergency energy ration19 ing and conservation program. Such program shall assure 20 that all vital services will be maintained and that unneces21 sary energy consumption will be curtailed.

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(b) The rationing and conservation program provided 23 for in subsection (a) shall include the following:

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(1) an established priority system and a plan for rationing of scarce fuels quantitatively and qualitatively

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among distributors and consumers during periods of criti

cal shortages, and

(2) measures capable of reducing energy consumption in the affected area by no less than 10 per centum

within ten days, and by no less than 25 per centum

within four weeks after implementation. Such measures

shall include, but are not limited to: transportation control plans; restrictions against the use of fuel or energy for nonessential uses such as outdoor advertising and recreational activities; a ban on all advertising encouraging increased energy consumption; limitations on operating hours of commercial establishments and public services, such as schools; temperature restrictions in office and public buildings, including wholesale and retail business establishments; and reductions in speed limits.

(c) Within two weeks of the date of enactment of this 17 Act, the President shall also promulgate requirements for 18 emergency energy conservation and contingency programs 19 to be developed by each State and major metropolitan gov20 ernment, to implement the Federal program described in 21 subsection (a) above. Such programs, which must be devel22 oped and implemented within eight weeks after the date of 23 enactment of this Act, shall include at a minimum the pro24 visions set forth in subsection (b) above.

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(d) In the event that a State or major metropolitan

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