Biodiversity Conservation, Law and Livelihoods: Bridging the North-South Divide: IUCN Academy of Environmental Law Research Studies

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Michael I. Jeffery, Jeremy Firestone, Karen Bubna-Litic
Cambridge University Press, 2008 M01 7
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The IUCN Academy of Environmental Law Research Studies' third colloquium of 2005 brought together more than 130 experts from 27 nations on nearly every continent. This book brings together a number of the papers presented there and offers a global perspective on biodiversity conservation and the maintenance of sustainable cultures. It addresses issues from international, regional, and country-specific perspectives. The book is organized thematically to present a broad spectrum of issues, including the history and major governance structures in this area; the needs, problems, and prerequisites for biodiversity; area-based, species-based, and ecosystem-based conservation measures; the use of components of biodiversity and the processes affecting it; biosecurity; and access to and sharing of benefits from components of biodiversity and their economic value.

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Looking Back and Looking Ahead
Historical Perspectives and Present
Some Observations on the IUCN the Earth Charter and Global Governance
The Changing Role of Law in the Pursuit of Sustainability
Section A Needs Problems Prerequisites
A Sequence
Section B Implementation of the
National and Regional Legal and Institutional Tools
Bridging the Gap between the North
Section A Global Warming
A Fantasy for China to Combat Global Warming?
Section B Land Management
Ecological Function Zoning
The Successful Ecograss Project and the Policy and Legal Issues

Section A AreaBased Measures
Local Peoples Perceptions and Attitudes towards the Management
Nomination of Shiretoko for World
Section B SpeciesBased Measures
Sanctuaries Protected Species and Politics How Effective Is Australia
The Emerging Ecoregime
Section B Genetically Modified Organisms
The Reality and Effect of Advance Informed Agreement
Section A The Situation in Antarctica
Section B Indigenous Intellectual and Cultural Property Rights
The Challenge of Legal Recognition of Indigenous

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Page 106 - Ten years ago, at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, held in Rio de Janeiro...
Page 540 - In order to promote international cooperation in scientific investigation in Antarctica, as provided for in Article II of the present Treaty, the Contracting Parties agree that, to the greatest extent feasible and practicable: (a) information regarding plans for scientific programs in Antarctica shall be exchanged to permit maximum economy and efficiency of operations; (b) scientific personnel shall be exchanged in Antarctica between expeditions and stations; (c) scientific observations and results...
Page 181 - Biological diversity" means the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part: this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems.
Page 100 - We abuse land because we regard it as a commodity belonging to us. When we see land as a community to which we belong, we may begin to use it with love and respect.
Page 38 - Subject to its national legislation, respect, preserve and maintain knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities embodying traditional lifestyles relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity...
Page 133 - In order to protect the environment, the precautionary approach shall be widely applied by States according to their capabilities. Where there are threats of serious or irreversible damage, lack of full scientific certainty shall not be used as a reason for postponing cost-effective measures to prevent environmental degradation.
Page 520 - Measures taken to combat climate change, including unilateral ones, should not constitute a means of arbitrary or unjustifiable discrimination or a disguised restriction on international trade.
Page 310 - The lands of the state, now owned or hereafter acquired, constituting the forest preserve as now fixed by law, shall be forever kept as wild forest lands. They shall not be leased, sold or exchanged, or be taken by any corporation, public or private, nor shall the timber thereon be sold, removed or destroyed.
Page 15 - An owner of land has no absolute and unlimited right to change the essential natural character of his land so as to use it for a purpose for which it was unsuited in its natural state and which injures the rights of others.
Page 117 - In those States in which ethnic, religious or linguistic minorities exist, persons belonging to such minorities shall not be denied the right, In com^munity with the other members of their group, to enjoy their own culture, to profess and practice their own religion, or to use their own language.

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