Protecting the Commons: A Framework For Resource Management In The Americas
Joanna Burger, Elinor Ostrom, Richard Norgaard, David Policansky, Bernard D. Goldstein
Island Press, 2001 - 360 pages
Commons—lands, waters, and resources that are not legally owned and controlled by a single private entity, such as ocean and coastal areas, the atmosphere, public lands, freshwater aquifers, and migratory species—are an increasingly contentious issue in resource management and international affairs.
Protecting the Commons provides an important analytical framework for understanding commons issues and for designing policies to deal with them. The product of a symposium convened by the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) to mark the 30th anniversary of Garrett Hardin's seminal essay “The Tragedy of the Commons” the book brings together leading scholars and researchers on commons issues to offer both conceptual background and analysis of the evolving scientific understanding on commons resources. The book:
Contributors include Alpina Begossi, William Blomquist, Joanna Burger, Tim Clark, Clark Gibson, Michael Gelobter, Michael Gochfeld, Bonnie McCay, Pamela Matson, Richard Norgaard, Elinor Ostrom, David Policansky, Jeffrey Richey, Jose Sarukhan, and Edella Schlager.
Protecting the Commons represents a landmark study of commons issues that offers analysis and background from economic, legal, social, political, geological, and biological perspectives. It will be essential reading for anyone concerned with commons and commons resources, including students and scholars of environmental policy and economics, public health, international affairs, and related fields.
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With these changes , there are more users , and more uses , of resources held in common . While there are many paradigms for thinking about resource use , the “ commons ” paradigm made popular by Garrett Hardin in his influential ...
To the extent that these resources were sustained rather than environmentally degraded , it was because their common users agreed on the nature of the problem and established and adhered to responsibilities , rights , and other rules .
Fisheries , on the other hand , are much more difficult if not impossible to divide up between users and require some form of collective management . The resource characteristics of anadromous , coastal , lake , and stream fisheries ...
Communal property ( res communes ) : Resource held by community of users ; user community excludes outsiders ; users may self - regulate ; appropriate uses may still be defined by larger society or external power .
with the capacity of local users to self - organize and the success or failure of their efforts . Our understanding of the commons has also been enriched by other lines of research . Insights on the emergence of cooperation have been ...
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Reformulating the Commons
When the Commons Become Less Tragic Land Tenure Social Organization and Fair Trade in Mexico
Forest Resources Institutions for Local Governance in Guatemala
Wildlife Resources The Elk of Jackson Hole Wyoming
Cooperative and Territorial Resources Brazilian Artisanal Fisheries
Regional and CrossBoundary Commons
Water Resources The Southwestern United States
The Atmospheric Commons
Arctic Contaminants and Human Health
Medical Care as a Commons
Spatial Techniques for Understanding Commons Issues
Integrating Scale and Social Justice in the Commons