Protecting the Commons: A Framework For Resource Management In The Americas
Joanna Burger, Elinor Ostrom, Richard Norgaard, David Policansky, Bernard D. Goldstein
Island Press, 2001 - 360 pages
Commons—lands, waters, and resources that are not legally owned and controlled by a single private entity, such as ocean and coastal areas, the atmosphere, public lands, freshwater aquifers, and migratory species—are an increasingly contentious issue in resource management and international affairs.
Protecting the Commons provides an important analytical framework for understanding commons issues and for designing policies to deal with them. The product of a symposium convened by the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) to mark the 30th anniversary of Garrett Hardin's seminal essay “The Tragedy of the Commons” the book brings together leading scholars and researchers on commons issues to offer both conceptual background and analysis of the evolving scientific understanding on commons resources. The book:
Contributors include Alpina Begossi, William Blomquist, Joanna Burger, Tim Clark, Clark Gibson, Michael Gelobter, Michael Gochfeld, Bonnie McCay, Pamela Matson, Richard Norgaard, Elinor Ostrom, David Policansky, Jeffrey Richey, Jose Sarukhan, and Edella Schlager.
Protecting the Commons represents a landmark study of commons issues that offers analysis and background from economic, legal, social, political, geological, and biological perspectives. It will be essential reading for anyone concerned with commons and commons resources, including students and scholars of environmental policy and economics, public health, international affairs, and related fields.
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Through extensive case studies , we now realize how the emergence and maintenance of such local and regional commons institutions depend on the coincidence of particular environmental characteristics , social conditions , and ...
... and assess the changing nature of common - pool resources and how well developments in our understanding of common - pool resources and commons institutions are helping us meet the social and environmental challenges we face .
This confusion stimulated a collaborative research effort by social and natural scientists to elaborate the range of environmental circumstances associated with common - pool resources as well as social circumstances affecting the ...
Of course , such perfect conditions have never existed , yet the prototype still serves as a conceptual anchor to much of our understanding about commons . Other social factors being equal , the farther we move from these idealized ...
Insights on the emergence of cooperation have been gained through repeated Prisoner's Dilemma games , a line of research conducted by both biological and social scientists ( Axelrod and Hamilton 1981 ; Axelrod and Dion 1988 ) .
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