Protecting the Commons: A Framework For Resource Management In The Americas
Joanna Burger, Elinor Ostrom, Richard Norgaard, David Policansky, Bernard D. Goldstein
Island Press, 2001 - 360 pages
Commons—lands, waters, and resources that are not legally owned and controlled by a single private entity, such as ocean and coastal areas, the atmosphere, public lands, freshwater aquifers, and migratory species—are an increasingly contentious issue in resource management and international affairs.
Protecting the Commons provides an important analytical framework for understanding commons issues and for designing policies to deal with them. The product of a symposium convened by the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) to mark the 30th anniversary of Garrett Hardin's seminal essay “The Tragedy of the Commons” the book brings together leading scholars and researchers on commons issues to offer both conceptual background and analysis of the evolving scientific understanding on commons resources. The book:
Contributors include Alpina Begossi, William Blomquist, Joanna Burger, Tim Clark, Clark Gibson, Michael Gelobter, Michael Gochfeld, Bonnie McCay, Pamela Matson, Richard Norgaard, Elinor Ostrom, David Policansky, Jeffrey Richey, Jose Sarukhan, and Edella Schlager.
Protecting the Commons represents a landmark study of commons issues that offers analysis and background from economic, legal, social, political, geological, and biological perspectives. It will be essential reading for anyone concerned with commons and commons resources, including students and scholars of environmental policy and economics, public health, international affairs, and related fields.
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... the influence of humans on their environment , as well as the effects of these environmental changes on people's health and welfare , with particular attention to influences and effects that are global or shared by several nations .
Arctic Contaminants and Human Health 241 John P. Middaugh Chapter 12. Medical Care as a Commons 253 Michael Gochfeld , Joanna Burger , and Bernard D. Goldstein Part IV . Decision - making Tools Chapter 13.
... but difficult to foresee , specificity of impacts of new technologies on ecosystem functioning ; and • greater cumulative effects of human activity and hence tighter regional and global linkages between ecosystem impacts .
Effective rules help humans cope with the complex characteristics of the resources themselves . The enrichments in our understanding of common - pool resources and commons institutions , as well as property rights regimes more broadly ...
One is the increase in human population , the driver that was the focus of the early commons work and continues to be important . The second critical mechanism is the development of new technologies that change the impacts of ...
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Reformulating the Commons
When the Commons Become Less Tragic Land Tenure Social Organization and Fair Trade in Mexico
Forest Resources Institutions for Local Governance in Guatemala
Wildlife Resources The Elk of Jackson Hole Wyoming
Cooperative and Territorial Resources Brazilian Artisanal Fisheries
Regional and CrossBoundary Commons
Water Resources The Southwestern United States
The Atmospheric Commons
Arctic Contaminants and Human Health
Medical Care as a Commons
Spatial Techniques for Understanding Commons Issues
Integrating Scale and Social Justice in the Commons