Fighting for Survival: Environmental Decline, Social Conflict, and the New Age of Insecurity

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W. W. Norton & Company, 1996 - 239 pages
In the aftermath of the Cold War, it has become clear to citizens everywhere that it is not the march of armies that is the clearest threat to peace and stability but rather the disaster of pervasive resource loss, refugees who are forced across borders, and social instability that makes war primarily an action within, rather than between, states. Renner argues that global leaders and citizens must find a new sense of mission and destiny, and must reclaim the security terminology from war-making institutions. He shows that social, economic, and environmental stresses and pressures on societies worldwide call for a new definition of security, and hence for a new set of priorities. Poverty, unequal distribution of land, and the degradation of ecosystems are among the most pressing issues undermining security. Soldiers and tanks are at best irrelevant and at worst an obstacle to solving such problems. An understanding of security that fits today's world will require a shift from conflicts of national security to cooperation for global security. Instead of defense of the status quo, sustainable security calls for change and adaption, instead of "green-helmet" intervention forces, we will need to transform war-making institutions and create new priorities for sustainable development.

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Contents

Acknowledgments
7
The Transformation of Security
17
Environmental Stress
35
Conflict Over the Environment
52
Inequality and Insecurity
76
Security in
133
Enhancing International Peace Capacity
154
A Human Security Budget
173
A Global Partnership for Human Security?
189
Notes
199
Index
231
Copyright

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About the author (1996)

Michael Renner, a senior researcher at Worldwatch, lives in New York City.

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