International Science and Technology Co-operation Towards Sustainable Development: Towards Sustainable Development

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OECD Publishing, 2001 M03 7 - 346 pages
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Achieving sustainable development goals at a global level will strongly depend on the rapid technological development and innovation, and the widespread diffusion and application, of cleaner technologies in non-OECD as well as OECD countries. But do the developing countries have the capacity and motivation to take advantage of cleaner technology options? What are their needs? And what are the barriers which must be addressed? Arresting the impending environmental imbalances and ecological instability and moving towards sustainable development call for establishing a new multilateral framework for co-operation in environmental science and technology.

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Page 18 - sustainable development" as "development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs".
Page 258 - Constitution, the principles concerning the fundamental rights which are the subject of those conventions, namely: a. freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining; b.
Page 69 - ... on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms as mutually agreed, taking into account the need to protect intellectual property rights as well as the special needs of developing countries for the implementation of Agenda 21.
Page 258 - ... right to collective bargaining; Principle 4: The elimination of all forms of forced and compulsory labour; Principle 5: The effective abolition of child labour; and Principle 6: The elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation.
Page 258 - Principle 3: freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining; • Principle 4: the elimination of all forms of forced and compulsory labour...
Page 170 - Cooperate in the promotion of effective modalities for the development, application and diffusion of, and take all practicable steps to promote, facilitate and finance, as appropriate, the transfer of, or access to, environmentally sound technologies...
Page 43 - ... 30 to 1 in 1960. By the late 1990s, the fifth of the world's population living in the highest-income countries had: • 86...
Page 18 - OVERVIEW The concept of sustainable development originally derives from the scientific literature, where it implies the management of a natural resource in ways consistent with the preservation of its reproductive capacity. It has now acquired a broader meaning, implying that the objectives of increasing economic efficiency and material wealth must take into account social and environmental concerns within an overall policy framework.
Page 62 - ... should enable transfer of necessary technological know-how as well as building up of economic, technical, and managerial capabilities for the efficient use and further development of transferred technology. Technology cooperation involves joint efforts by enterprises and Governments, both suppliers of technology and its recipients. Therefore, such cooperation entails an iterative process involving government, the private sector, and research and development facilities to ensure the best possible...
Page 170 - Promote and cooperate in the development, application and diffusion, including transfer, of technologies, practices and processes that control, reduce or prevent anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases...

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