International Conventions on Protection of Humanity and Environment
The forty-eight documents specifically selected for this volume from the many international treaties in existence share a number of common features. They are multilateral international treaties open to universal adoption. They are primarily intended to safeguard certain human interests - basic human rights, humanitarian needs in armed conflicts, and the human environment - rather than to regulate the relations between subjects of international law, usually nation states. The concept of human protection is the unifying theme of the material presented.
The treaties reproduced here in their entirely clearly demonstrate that the nation state is no longer universally perceived as an absolute end in itself, and that the power of international law not only to govern relations among states, but to affect their internal affairs, is increasing. An indication of the growing interdependence among national states and the enhanced significance of international law in areas previously the sole domain of national states, these treaties exemplify in content, though not in theory, the evolution of inter-state law into international public law. Public opinion in individual countries as well as international world opinion have embraced the issues addressed in these treaties as major challenges of our time, especially when the treaties are seen as strongly binding, globally-valid guarantees of moral values, violation of which is no longer acceptable.
This timely volume offers working material from three important domains of international law that are of growing interest to the public and of increasing significance to the individual. The international conventions presented here comprise a valuable resource for lawyers and diplomats, administrators, employees of international organizations, journalists, historians, political scientists, teachers and students, and for anyone concerned with an understanding of a world that has grown in complexity and that is viewed more and more as a single entity.
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a Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Politi
Genocide December 9 1948 BGBI 1954 II 730 78 U N T S 278
Treatment or Punishment December 10 1984 BGBI 1990 II 247
against Women December 18 1979 BGBI 1985 II 648 1249
a Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees January 31 1967 BGBI
Poisonous or other Gases and of Bacteriological Methods of War
August 12 1949 75 U N T S 135
Wounded Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea
Wastes and Other Matter December 29 1972 BGBI 1977 II 180
a Amendments to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollu
a Protocol of 1978 Relating to the International Convention for
Resources May 20 1980 BGBI 1982 II 421 19 I L M 837 1980
Flora and Fauna March 3 1973 BGBI 1975 II 777 12 I L M 1085
June 23 1979 BGBl 1984 II 571 19 I L M 151980
Time of War August 12 1949 75 U N T S 287
relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Con
Conventional Weapons which may be deemed to be Excessively
Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction
September 16 1987 BGBl 1988 II 1015 26 I L M 1550 1987
Radiological Emergency September 26 1986 BGBl 1989 II 441
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acceptance accession accordance activities acts adopted adverse agree agreement aircraft amendment Annex Antarctic apply appropriate approval armed armed forces Article assistance authorities carry chemical weapons circumstances civilian Commission committed Committee communication concerned Conference conflict consider Council deposit Depositary designated Detaining Power effect ensure enter into force entry established facilities functions Government High Contracting Parties hostilities human implementation matter means measures meeting military months necessary needs neutral notification objects obligations occupied operations organizations paragraph particular period permit personnel persons population possible present Convention prisoners prisoners of war procedure production prohibited proposed Protecting Power Protocol provisions punishment ratification reasons received recognized referred regard relating relevant representatives request respect responsible rules scientific Secretariat Secretary-General ships sick signed species substances taken territory tion treatment Treaty United Nations unless wastes wounded