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CONTENTS

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PREFACE

This publication contains the text of title 10, United States. Code ("Armed Forces"), as amended through the end of the 103rd Congress (Public Law 103-465; December 8, 1994).

In the second session of the 103rd Congress, there were two enactments that should be particularly noted: (1) the Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-335), which substantially revised the acquisition provisions of title 10 (and the acquisition laws relating to other agencies), and (2) the Reserve Officer Personnel Management Act (ROPMA) (enacted as title XVI of Public Law 103-335, the FY95 defense authorization Act).

ROPMA establishes, effective October 1, 1996, a new set of officer personnel polices for the reserve components. ROPMA also accomplished a major reorganization of the provisions of title 10 relating to the reserve components by consolidating those provisions into a new subtitle (designated subtitle E) at the end of title 10. Virtually all previous provisions of title 10 that related to the reserve components were transferred to the new subtitle or repealed and restated in the new subtitle. Tables showing the disposition of previous title 10 sections into the new subtitle and showing the source of provisions of the new subtitle are set forth beginning on page lxxix.

Previous editions of this publication included title 32, United States Code (the National Guard), and selected additional provisions of law of interest to different elements of the defense community. Due to the size of this publication, they are now set forth in a separate committee print publication, which also includes title 37, United States Code (Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services)

The Committee on National Security of the House of Representatives also produces a committee print publication captioned "Laws Relating to Federal Procurement" that contains a comprehensive compilation of Federal acquisition statutes. The current edition of that publication reflects the numerous amendments made by the Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act of 1994.

Title 10, United States Code, contains the organic law governing the Armed Forces of the United States and providing for the organization of the Department of Defense, including the military departments and the reserve components. Title 32, United States Code, contains the law relating to the administration of the National Guard. Titles 10 and 32 were enacted into positive law by Act of August 10, 1956 (70A Stat. 1), as a codification of all laws then in existence that were permanent and of general applicability to the Armed Forces and the National Guard. By the same Act, Congress repealed the source laws for the codification.

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Title 10 is divided into five subtitles, as follows:

Subtitle A, General Military Law.

Subtitle B, Army.

Subtitle C, Navy and Marine Corps.

Subtitle D, Air Force.

Subtitle E, Reserve Components.

Subtitle A contains laws applicable to the Department of Defense generally and to all of the Armed Forces, including, in some instances, the Coast Guard. (Laws that are applicable only to the Coast Guard are contained in title 14, United States Code.) Many of the provisions of subtitle A are also applicable to the commissioned corps of the Public Health Service and the commissioned corps of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

Subtitles B, C, and D contain laws that are applicable to only one of the three military departments. Subtitle B contains laws providing for the organization and operation of the Department of the Army and of the Army, subtitle C contains laws providing for the organization and operation of the Department of the Navy and of the Navy and Marine Corps, and subtitle D contains laws providing for the organization and operation of the Department of the Air Force and of the Air Force.

In the 1956 codification of title 10, subtitles B and D were based on laws formerly applicable to the Department of War and to the Army before the establishment of the Department of Defense and the separation of the Air Force from the Army in 1947. Thus, the organization and wording of those two subtitles are in most respects parallel. Subtitle C was based on a separate body of law formerly applicable to the cabinet-level Department of the Navy and to the Navy and Marine Corps before the establishment of the Department of Defense. Thus, it is in many respects not parallel with subtitles B and D. However, the Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-433) standardized many provisions of subtitles B, C, and D to provide uniform statutory provisions for the basic authorities of the Secretaries of the military departments and the uniformed service chiefs.

This committee print publication shows the current text of title 10 and a listing, after each section, of the statutes that added that section to title 10 and that have since amended it. Footnotes in the committee print should not be considered to be an exhaustive compendium of related provisions. The official publication of the United States Code (prepared by the Office of the Law Revision Counsel of the House of Representatives) and commercial publications of the Code include additional reference material after each section, including material showing specific changes made by each amendment and relevant effective date and transition provisions. Commercial publications of the Code also indicate relevant court decisions decided under a section of the Code.

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Title 10 is divided into five subtitles, as follows:

Subtitle A, General Military Law.
Subtitle B, Army.

Subtitle C, Navy and Marine Corps.
Subtitle D, Air Force.

Subtitle E, Reserve Components.

Subtitle A contains laws applicable to the Department of Dee generally and to all of the Armed Forces, including, in some nces, the Coast Guard. (Laws that are applicable only to the It Guard are contained in title 14, United States Code.) Many e provisions of subtitle A are also applicable to the commis ed corps of the Public Health Service and the commissioned 3 of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Subtitles B, C, and D contain laws that are applicable to only of the three military departments. Subtitle B contains laws iding for the organization and operation of the Department of Army and of the Army, subtitle C contains laws providing for organization and operation of the Department of the Navy and e Navy and Marine Corps, and subtitle D contains laws prog for the organization and operation of the Department of the orce and of the Air Force.

In the 1956 codification of title 10, subtitles B and D were don laws formerly applicable to the Department of War and e Army before the establishment of the Department of Defense the separation of the Air Force from the Army in 1947. Thus, organization and wording of those two subtitles are in most res parallel. Subtitle C was based on a separate body of law for y applicable to the cabinet-level Department of the Navy and e Navy and Marine Corps before the establishment of the Denent of Defense. Thus, it is in many respects not parallel with tles B and D. However, the Goldwater-Nichols Department of se Reorganization Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-433) standardmany provisions of subtitles B, C, and D to provide uniform tory provisions for the basic authorities of the Secretaries of ilitary departments and the uniformed service chiefs.

This committee print publication shows the current text of title and a listing, after each section, of the statutes that added that On to title 10 and that have since amended it. Footnotes in the ittee print should not be considered to be an exhaustive comum of related provisions. The official publication of the United Code (prepared by the Office of the Law Revision Counsel e House of Representatives) and commercial publications of ode include additional reference material after each section, ling material showing specific changes made by each amend and relevant effective date and transition provisions. Comal publications of the Code also indicate relevant court decidecided under a section of the Code. wal of an

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Subtitle

A. GENERAL MILITARY LAW
B. ARMY

C. NAVY AND MARINE CORPS
D. AIR FORCE

E. RESERVE COMPONENTS

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TABLE OF CHAPTERS OF TITL

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TITLE 10, UNITED STATES COD

ARMED FORCES

[Subtitles of title 10]

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[Chapters of title 10]

SUBTITLE A-GENERAL MILITARY

PART I-ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL MILITA

Chap. 1.

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Definitions

Department of Defense

General Powers and Functions

Office of the Secretary of Defense

Joint Chiefs of Staff

Combatant Commands

Boards, Councils, and Committees

Defense Agencies and Department of Defens
Activities

Defense Budget Matters

Reserve Components

The Militia
Insurrection

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Arming of American Vessels

Military Support for Civilian Law Enfor

Agencies

Humanitarian and Other Assistance
Department of Defense Intelligence Matters
Miscellaneous Studies and Reports

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1This table of chapters and the following table of sections are not par included for the convenience of the reader.

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