Strange Creatures: Anthropology in Antiquity
Bloomsbury Academic, 2006 M06 8 - 256 pages
Traces the anthropological and ethnological theories of the ancient Greeks and Romans from the creation of the world to the invention of the Americas. In ancient Greek and Roman thinking, whether the world is flat or spherical it will have imaginary boundaries and liminal areas where the norms of nature and culture are thought to break down. Analogies are constantly drawn between 'primitive' peoples at the 'edges of the world' and 'primitive' people in prehistory. Distance, both in time and space, leads to difference, and the idea that strange things happen out there or happened back then dominates Greek and Roman thinking on other cultures. This book examines ancient ideas of the creation of the world, the beginnings of life and origin of species, humans and animals, utopias and blessed islands, and 'barbarian' cultures beyond the Mediterranean world, before going on to trace the influence of ancient anthropological and ethnological thought on the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.We begin with primordial chaos and end with the invention of the Americas, taking in on the way many strange creatures, among them the noble or ignoble savages of Britain, Gaul and Ireland, the Man-faced Ox-creatures of Empedocles, the Dog-heads of India, the Amazons, Centaurs, Columbus, and the Tupinamba of Brazil.
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... Léry's Tupinamba anthropology One need not go beyond one's own country , nor as far as America , to see such monstrous and prodigious things . ( Jean de Léry , History of a Voyage to the Land of Brazil , ch . 15 ) I have space here for ...
... Léry's best efforts , some of the people resorted to cannibalism . These events , years after the abortive expedition to Brazil , drew de Léry's mind back to the time he had spent among the Tupinamba people there . When he had fled ...
... Léry's problem is more acute and more fundamental . It is not simply that there are too many variations from European norms for them all to be found taxonomic boxes and given labels , but that there are no European taxonomic boxes into ...
The Origin of Life and the Origin of Species
Ancient Theories of Prehistory and the Evolution of Society
Blessed Islands and Blessed Lands
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