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to reconsider it. If, after such reconsideration, two thirds of that House shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other House, by which it shall likewise be re-considered, and, if approved by two thirds of that House, it shall become a law. But in all such cases, the votes of both Houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting for and against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each House respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the President within ten days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had signed it, unless Congress, by their adjournment, prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a law.

3. Every order, resolution or vote, to which the concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary, (except on a question of adjournment) shall be presented to the President of the United States, and, before the same shall take effect, shall be approved by him, or, being disapproved by him, shall be re-passed by two thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, according to

the rules and limitations prescribed in the case of a bill.

SECT. VIII. Congress shall have power

1. To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts, and excises, to pay the debts, and provide for the common defence and general welfare of the United States; but all duties, imposts and excises, shall be uniform throughout the United States; [See 5 Wheat. 317.]

2. To borrow money on the credit of the United States;

3. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian tribes; [See 9 Wheat. 1. 2 Hall's Am. L. Jour. 255, 272. 17 Johns. 488.]

4. To establish an uniform rule of naturalization, and uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the United States; [See 4 Wheat. 122, 192, 209. 2 Wheat. 269. 20 Johns. 693.]

5. To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures;

6. To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and current coin of the United States;

7. To establish post offices and post roads ;

8. To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing, for limited times, to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries; [See 3 Wheat. App. n. 2, p. 13. 7 Wheat. $56.]

9. To constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court;

10. To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas, and offences against the laws of nations; [5 Wheat. 184, 153, 76. 3 Wheat. 336.]

11. To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and make rules concerning captures on land and water; [8 Cranch, 110, 154.]

12. To raise and support armies ; but no appropriation of money to that use shall be for a longer term than two years;

13. To provide and maintain a navy; [See 1 Mason, 79, 81. 4 Binn. 487.]

14. To make rules for the government and regulation of the land and naval forces;

15. To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws of the Union, suppress insurrections, and repel invasions; [5 Wheat. 1. 19 Johns 7.]

16. To provide for organizing, arming and disciplining the militia, and for governing such part of them as may be employed in the service of the United States, reserving to the states, respectively, the appointment of the officers, and the authority of training the militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress; [3 S. and R. 169. 5 Wheat. 1. 19 Johns. 7.]

17. To exercise exclusive legislation, in all cases whatsoever, over such district (not exceeding ten miles square) as may, by cession of particular states, and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the government of the United States; and to exercise like authority over all places, purchased by the consent of the legislature of the state in which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals, dock-yards, and other needful buildings ;-and [See 2 Mason, 60. 5 Wheat. 317, 324. 6 Wheat. 440. Jour. of

Jurisp. 47, 56. 17 Johns. 225.]

18. To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper, for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this constitution in the government

of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof. [4 Wheat. 413. 6 Wheat. 204.]

SECT. IX. 1. The migration or importation of such persons as any of the states now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by Congress, prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight; but a tax or duty may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each per


2. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless, when in cases of rebellion or invasion, the public safety may require it.

3. No bill of attainder, or ex post facto law, shall be passed. [See 3 Dallas, 386, 396. 6 Binn. 271.]

4. No capitation or other direct tax, shall be laid, unless in proportion to the census or enumeration, herein before directed to be taken. [See 5 Wheat. 317. 3 Dall. 171.]

5. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any state. No preference shall be given, by any regulation of commerce or revenue, to the ports of one state over those of another; nor shall vessels bound to or from

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