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1. The Parties shall, in accordance with the objective and Principles 2/
stated in the Convention, and particularly in accordance with their common but
differentiated responsibilities, taking into account their specific national
and regional development priorities, objectives and circumstances, commit
themselves to:
(4) Develop, periodically update, publish and make available to the

Conference of the partii nat lönal inventories of sources and
sinks of all greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal
Protocol using comparable methodologies agrood upon by the
Contorence of the Parties;

(b) Formulate, implement, publish, and regularly update national and

whero appropriate regional (strategies andj programos containing (nationally determined) measuros (which the concerned party or Parties consider nocoriary and economically feasible)

to mitigate climate change (through (controll/loffoctivo llaitation of thois (not ! mainions of greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montrol Protocol)

to facilitato adequate adaptation to cllmate change (subject in the case of developing countries to the provision of

( agreed]/[full] Incremental costs by developed country Partioli (Report on the above paragraph 16 provided for in Article on reporting)

(c)

Promote and cooperat. in l. and, as appropriate, adopt (policies
and) practicos rolated toj the dovelopment, application, and
diffusion 1. Including transfor, ) of (environmentally safe and
sound, 1 innovative, officient, state-of-the-art, lower or
non-greenhouse gas emitting technologies, practices and
processo. V in all sectori, (particularly energy ((including
conservation, officiency and low carbon sourcos)j, transport,
industry, agriculture, Corestry and waste management], (subject to
the provision of funding for developing countries of
(agreed]/[full] incremental costo 1, and to the extent that the
phonomana will not affect the economic growth of concerned
Pustioli

2/ Pending a final decision by the Committee on the inclusion of a section on Principles.

1 (Bxplanatory tootnot. (to appear in the explanation of the text, but not ... the definitions): *lower or non-greenhouse gas technologies, processes and practices includes inter alle conservation, energy efficiency, low carbon fuels (..g. natural gas, nuclear), and conewable energy sources (in addition to sustainable lifo itylai.lt

(d)

Promote and cooperate in the conservation, sustainable management
and enhancement, as appropriate, of all sinks and reservoirs of
(all) greenhouse gasos. i This includes sinks for greenhouse gases
other than carbon dioxide in the atmosphere as well as sinks and
roservoirs for greenhouse gases (in particular carbon dioxide), in
all «cosystems, (in particular törrestrial and marino, with a view
to increasing their capacity to act as sinks and reservoirs and
promoting their overall health, and (adopt appropriate policia)
and take nousuros (with the aim to elaborate policies) against the
degradation of ecosystems, including policiei and) measures to
combat drought and desertification (and) against deforestation and
forost destruction, and programmes for iftorustation and
rotorostation)l, promotion and use of biomas (subject to, in the
case of doveloping country Parties, their national development
plans and programmes and the provision of lagrood]/[full]
incremental costs involvedlo

(O)

Cooperate in preparations for adaptation to the impacts of climate chango; dovolop and olaborato appropriate and integrated plans for coustal zone management, water resources and agriculturo including emergency procedures, coustal zone response mechanisms and adaptation strategies in sectors such as land use planning, agriculture and fragile ecosystems and a global observing system; and undertako assessments of the rooillance and adaptability of resources keeping in view the need for poverty eradication in developing countries, taking into account the special situation of loust developed countries on the basis of provision to developing countries of (agreed]/[full] incremental costs involvedlo

(4)

cooperato in preparing for adaptation to the impacts of climate change in order to support drought and desertification attected countries in their efforts to combat these phenomena and their of locts,

(9)

(1) Tako climate change considerations into account, to the

extent possible, in their rolovant social, economic and

environmental policies and actions;
(11) Employ appropriate nationally-formulated and determined

methods, ..g. lmpact usosemonts, with a view to minimizing
adverse effects of projects or measures takon by the parties
to aitigato or adapt to climate change, on the economy.
public health, and quality of the environnant,

(h)

monoto and cooperato in scientific, technological, tochnical,
soolo-econoaic and other research, systematic observation and
development of data archives colated to the climate system and
alaing to further the understanding and to reduce and clarify the
remaining uncertainties regarding causes and offects of climate
change and regarding the economic and social consequences of
alternative response strategies, (in accordance with
Article V.2) Vi
Promote and cooperate in the full, open and timely exchange of
rolovant scientific, tochnological, cechnical, socio-economic and

(1)

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Need to be coordinated with the procedure devised by Working Group II.

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legal Information related to the ci laate system and cllmato
change, and economic and social consequences of alternative
response strategies, (in accordance with Article v.311

(3)

Promote and cooperate in education, training and public awareness rolated to climate change and encourage the widest participation in the process, including by non-governmental organizations, lin accordance with Article v.4);

1(k) Dovolop, coordinato and, as appropriate, harmonizo, (in order to

avoid distortions to international trade and in accordance with
the GATT), rolovant economic and administrative Instrumentol. 1
I such a subsidies, taxes and charges, as well as other relevant
instruments, aimed at (limiting1/(controlling) net emissions of
groonhouse gases; )

(11)

ithin their respective territorios, identify lo (exanine) and
(phas. out]/[ost imatoll the effects of (govornwonej policies and
practices which (protect, subsidize or otherwisel encourage
activities that lead to groater levels of cainions of greenhouse
guses than (necessary 1/I would otherwise occur).)

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(IV.3.1

stabilisation and reduction of fuissions and Enhancuont
of Siaks and losorvoirs)

(a) The developed country Parties (as defined in ....) shall adopt national 2/ policies and tako corresponding measures on (mitigation of climate changol/[the Iloitation of anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases and the protection and enhancement of greenhouse gas sinks and reservoirs). (These Parties shall also uusist other Parties in adopting similar policies and measuro.) (Thoso dovoloped country policies and measures will shave the of tect of]/[be aimed atl, as i first stop. stabilizing individually for jointly, emissions of carbon dioxide)/1the total of all greenhouse gases not covered by the Montrol Protocol S/! iin general by the year 20001/1as soon as feasibio! at (or near) 1990 levoll, (taking into account the differences in their starting points and approaches and the need for equitable contributions of these parties). (Alternative to subparı. (a))

The developed country Parties shall stabilize emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases by 1995 at 1990 levels and theretter progressively reduce emissions in pursuance of the objective of the Convention.

(Purthor alternative to subparı. (a))

The developed country parties, us defined in shall adopt national policies and take corresponding mousures on the limitation of their not anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases. Those Parties shall, as agreed in Section. IV.2.2 and IV.2.3 of this convention, also provide the means to enable the other Parties to adopt nec sary measuros. These developed country policies and morsures shall be aimed at, as a first step, stabilizing individually thoir not waissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases not covered by the Montroal Protocol by the year 2000, at the 1990 level, taking into account the differences in their starting points and approaches and the need for equitable contributions of those parties.

11b) In accordance with procedures and criteria based on the best available scientific knowledge and agreed to and regularly reviewed by the Conference of the parties, (any party which has demonstrated that the (not capacity of greenhouse gai sinks) (within its territory! has increased due to specific neuquros taken by it since (1990) may include a credit equal to thii increase when calculating ito aission level. Il

I(C) In accordance with procedures and criteria based on the best available scientific knowledge and agreed to and regularly reviewed by the Conference ::

1. This term would also covor policies adopted by regional economic integration organizations.

/ The relationship to the Montrol Protocol, in particular its roduction schedules, needs to be further clarified.

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the parties, Partia may implement their (quantitative) commitments under para. (d) in a comprehensive manner that integrates (carbon dioxide and other groonhouse gases not covered by the Montreal Protocol / .)

!1d) Parties undertaking a quantitative commitments under para. (a) may implement these commitments in cooperation with each other, (provided that the criteria for cooperative arrangements (involving Parties falling under Section IV.3.5) are agreed to and regularly reviewed by the Conference of the Parties I/l. The terms of such cooperative arrangements shall be notified to the concerence of the Partiu by sach of the Parties concerned and described in detail in the report of these Partio in pursuance of Article VII.

(The Parties may also Laplanont mousurus to achiove (quantitative) commitments in cooperition with one or more other parties, subject to criteria to be agreed to and regularly reviewed by the Conference of the Partius.lt

((.) The Conference of the Parties shall las early as possible and ) not later than four years after the entry into force of the convention roviow the adequacy and operation of subparıs (8) (d), with a view to taking appropriate decisions on (roductions of anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases and the enhancement of greenhouse gas sinks and reservoirs /and such changes in the list of Partia to which specific commitments apply, that may be appropriate) in the light of now developments.. Such review shall be carried out in the light of the best available scientific information and assessment on climate change and its impacts as well as rolovant technical, social and economic information. Such review shall thereafter take place at regular intervals, determined by the Conference of the parties, until the objective of this convention is not.) (Alternative to subparı. (•))

(Each developed country Party commits itself to progressively reduce its (not) anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, after 2000 A.D. They shall announce time-bound targets for such reduction r.c: later than four yeari after the entry into force of this convention. )

I/ The possibility of such cooperative arrangements has not beon discussed with those Partie.. The language of the second part of the sentence is thorotorproliminary and will have to be considered further.

/ The appropriate manner of obtaining the approval of Parties for such decision, whether by protocol or some other legal instrument, will have to be rovlowed by legal experts.

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