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1. The Parties shall, in accordance with the objective and Principles 2/
stated in the convention, and particularly in accordance with their common but
differentiated responsibilities, taking into account their specific national
and regional development priorities, objectives and circumstances, commit
themselves to:
(a) Dovolop, periodically update, publish and make available to the

conference of the Parties national inventories of sourcos and
sinks of all greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal
Protocol using comparable methodologia agreed upon by the
Contorence of the Parties;

(b) formulato, implement, publish, and regularly update national and

whero appropriate regional (strategies and programmes containing (nationally determined) measur.. (which the concerned Party or Partia consider nocessary and economically feasible)

to mitigate climate change (through (controll/loffective Iloitation) of thois (not! maissions of greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol)

to facilitate adequate adaptation to cllnato change (subject in the case of developing countries to the provision of

(agreed]/[full] incremental costo by developed country Partiesli (Report on the above paragraph if provided for in Article ... on reporting)


Promote and cooperate in l. and, as appropriate, adopt (policies
and) practices related toj the development, application, and
diffusion 1. including transfor, ) of ( environmentally safe and
sound, 1 innovative, ofticiont, state-of-the-art, lower or
non-greenhouse gas emitting technologies, practices and
procisso. V in all sectors, (particularly energy ((including
conservation, officiency and low carbon sources)], transport,
industry, agriculturo, Corestry and waste management ), (Bubject to
the provision of funding for developing countries of
lagrood)/[full] incremental costol I. and to the extent that the
phenomena will not affect the economic growth of concerned

2/ Pending a final decision by the Committee on the inclusion of a section on Principles. 21 (Bxplanatory tootnote (to appear in the explanation of the text, but not 10 the definitions): "lower or non-greenhouse gas technologies, processes and practices includes inter illa conservation, energy efficiency, low carbon fuels (e.g. natural gas, nuclear), and conewable energy sources (In addition to sustainable life styles. ) 1



Promote and cooperate in the conservation, sustainable management
and enhancement, as appropriate, of all sinks and reservoiri of
(all) greenhouse gases. (This includes sinks for greenhouse gases
other than carbon dioxide in the atmosphere us well as sinks and
ruservoirs for greenhouse gasos (in particular carbon dioxide), in
all ecosystems, (in particular torruitrial and marino, with a view
to increasing their capacity to act us sinks and reservoirs and
promoting their overall health, and (adopt appropriate policies)
and take morsures (with the aim to olaborato policies) against the
degradation of ecosystems, including policies and) measures to
combat drought and desertification (and) against deforestation and
forost destruction, and progrunnes for irtorontation and
reforestation)l, promotion and use of biomass (subject to, in the
cuse of developing country Parties; their national development
plans and programmes and the provision of (agreed]/[full]
incrementai costs involvedli


cooperate in preparations for adaptation to the impacts of climate chango; develop and olaborate appropriate and integrated plans for coastal zone management, water resources and agriculturo including emergency procedures, coustal zone response mechanisms and adaptation strategies in sectors such as land use planning, agriculture and fragile ecosystems and a global observing system; and undertake assessments of the resilience and adaptability of resources keeping in view the need for poverty eradication in developing countries, taking into account the special situation of least developed countries on the basis of provision to developing countries of lagreed]/[full] incremental coits involved),


cooperate in preparing for adaptation to the capacts of climate change in order to support drought and desertification attected countries in their efforts to combat these phenomena and their effects,



Take climate change considerations into account, to the
extent possible, in their relevant social, economic and

environwontal policies and actions;
(11) Employ appropriate nationally-formulated and determined

methods, o.g. Lopact assessments, with a view to minimizing
adverse effects of projects or musuros taken by the Parties
to aitigato or adapt to climate change, on the iconomy,
public health, and quality of the environment,


Manoto and cooperate in scientific, technological, technical,
wee10-economic and other research, systematic observation and
development of data archives colated to the climate system and
waing to further the understanding and to reduce and clarify the
remaining uncertainties regarding causes and effects of climate
change and regarding the economic and social consequences of
alternative response strategies, (in accordance with
Article V.2) Vi
Promote and cooperate in the full, open and timely exchange of
relevant scientific, technological, cechnical, socio-economic and


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Need to be coordinated with the procedure devised by Working Group 11.


legal information rolated to the climato system and cl laat.
change, and economic and social consequences of alternative
torponse strategies, (in accordance with Articl. V.310


Promote and cooperate in education, training and public awareness related to climate change and encourage the widest participation in the process, including by non-governmental organizations, lin accordance with Article V.413

1(k) Dovelop, coordinate and, as appropriate, harmonizo, (in order to

avoid distortions to international trade and in accordance with
the GATT), rolovant economic and administrative Instrumentol.1
lo such a subsidies, taxes and charges, as well as other relevant
instruments) elmed at [limiting1/[ controlling) net emissions of
greenhouse gasosi)


Within their respective territorio, idontify 1. (examine) and
(phase out!!!ustimatoll the effects of (government policies and
practices which (protect, subsidizo or otherwisel encourage
activities that lead to greator levels of caissions of greenhouse
gases than (necessary 1/I would otherwise occur).1



(IV.3.1 Stabilisation and Reduction of baissions and

of slaks and Reservoirs)

(a) The developed country Partie (as defined in ...) shall adopt national 3/ policies and take corresponding measures on (mitigation of cllmate change]/[the Iloitation of anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases and the protection and enhancement of greenhouse gas sinks and reservoirs). (These Parties shall also assist other Parties in adopting similar policies and measurus.) (These doveloped country policies and measures will I have the effect of]/!be aimed atl, us i first stop: stabilizing individually for jointly, emissions of (carbon dioxide/1the total of all greenhouse gases not covered by the Montreal Protocol 4/1 (in general by the year 2000/!as soon us feasibi.! at (or nour) 1990 lovoil. Itaking into account the differences in their starting points and approaches and the need for equitable contributions of these parties). (Alternativet

to subparı. (a)) The developed country Parties shall stabilize emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases by 1995 at 1990 levels and thereafter progressively reduce emissions in pursuance of the objective of the Convention.

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(Purthor alternative to subpara. (a))

The developed country Parties, us defined in • shall adopt national policies and take corresponding measures on the limitation of thoir not anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases. Thes. Parties shall, as agreed in Sections IV.2.2 and IV.2.3 of this convention, also provide the means to enable the other Parties to adopt necessary measuros. Those developed country policies and measures shall be ilmed at, as a first step, stabilizing individually their not caissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases not covered by the Montroal Protocol by the year 2000, at the 1990 level, taking into account the differences in their starting points and approaches and the need for equitable contributions of those parties.

[(b) In accordance with procedures and criteria based on the best available scientific knowledge and agreed to and regularly reviewed by the Conference o! the Parties, (any Party which has demonstrated that the (not capacity of greenhouse gai sinks] (within ito territory! has increased due to specific neapures taken by it sinco (1990) may include a credit equal to this increase when calculating its caission lovel. Il

(1c) In accordance with procedures and criteria based on the best available scientific knowledge and agreed to and regularly reviewed by the Conference o:

u This term would also covor policies adopted by regional economic Integration organizations.

&/ The rolationship to the Montreal Protocol, in particular its reduction schedules, needs to be further clarified.


the parties, Parties may implement their ( quantitative commitments under para. (a) in a comprehensive manner that integrates (carbon dioxide and other! groenhouse gases not covered by the Montreal Protocol &/ .)

!1d) Parties undertaking a quantitative commitments under parı. (a) may implement there commitments in cooperation with each other, (provided that the criteria for cooperative arrangements (involving Parties falling under Section IV.3.5) are agreed to and regularly reviewed by the Conference of the Parties 1/1. The terms of such cooperative arrangements shall be notified to the Conierence of the Parties by each of the parties concerned and described in detail in the report of these parties in pursuance of Article VII. (The Partiou may also implement measures to achieve a quantitative) commitments in cooperation with one or more other Parties, subject to criteria to be agreed to and regularly reviewed by the Conference of the Partios.11

(16) The Conference of the Parties shall (as warly as possible and not later than four years after the entry into force of the convention roviow the adequacy and operation of subparu (2) (d), with 1 view to taking appropriate decisions on (roductions of anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases and the enhancement of greenhouse gas sinks and reservoirs 8/. and such changes in the list of Parties to which specific commitments apply, that may be appropriate) in the light of new developments.. Such review shall be carried out in the light of the best available scientific information and assessment on cllmate change and its impacts as well as rolovant technical, social and economic information. Such review shall thereafter take place at regular intervals, determined by the Conference of the parties, until the objective of this convention is not.)

(Alternative to subparı. ())

(Each developed country Party commits itself to progressively reduce its (net) anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, aftor 2000 A.D. They shall announce time-bound targets for such reduction ric: later than four years after the entry into force of this convention. )

Il The possibility of such cooperative arrangements has not been discussed with those parties. The language of the second part of the sentence is therefore proliminary and will have to be considered further. & The appropriate manner of obtaining the approval of Parties for such decision, whether by protocol or some other legal instrument, will have to be roviowed by legal experts.

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