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28 February 1992
INTERGOVERNMENTAL NEGOTIATING COMMITTEE
REVISED CONSOLIDATED TEXT UNDER NEGOTIATION
Note by the secretaria
The revised consolidated text has been prepared by the secretariat under the guidance of the Chairman of the Committee and the co-Chairman of the Working Groupo. It assemble texts that are, in their view, indicative of the state of negotiation in the two working Groupe. It is based, inter all, upon the consolidated Working Document contained in Annex 11 to document A/AC.237/15 and reflects the work on that document during the first part of the fifth session. It is intended to facilitate completion of work on the framework convention.
An edited version of the document will be published subsequently in ali official languagos as an annex to the report of the committo on the work of the first part of its fifth sousion (to be issued us N/AC. 237/18).
N/AC. 237/Misc. 20
The Parties to this convention,
1. Acknowledging that (adverse] change in the Earth's climate is a common concern of humankind since a sustainable climate is an essential condition that helps to sustain life, 2. concerned that (net) emissions resulting from human activities are substantially increasing the atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases, and that these increases will enhance the greenhouse effect, resulting on average in an additional warming of the Earth's surface and atmosphere and may adversely affect natural ecosystems and humankind, whilst noting that there are many uncertainties in predictions particularly with regard to the timing, magnitude and regional patterns of climate change, 3. Aware that the adverse effects of such (potentialj el laato change (and measures to mitigat. itl could have (serious, social, economic and environmental consequences,
Acknowledaing that the global nature of such climate change calls for the widest possible cooperation by all countries and their participation in an of foctive and appropriat. international response in accordance with (thoir rospective responsibilities and capabilities)/(the nouns at their diiposal and their capabilities) and their social and economic conditions, 5. Recalling the pertinent provisions of the Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm, 1972) and in particular principle 21 (which provides that "states have, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and the principles of international law, the soveroign right to exploit their own resources pursuant to their own environmental policies, and the responsibility to ensure that activities within their jurisdiction or control do not cause damage to the environment of other States or of areas beyond the limits of national jurisdiction“ (and accordingly that environmental considerations should not be used as a pretext for interference in the internal affairs of developing countries]), 6. Recalling ileg the provisions of General Assembly resolution 14/228 of 22 December 1989 on the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, and resolutions 43/53 of 6 December 1988, 44/207 of 22 December 1989 and 45/212 of 21 December 1990 on Protection of global cllmate for prosent and future generations of mankind, 7. Recalling further the provisions of General Assembly resolution 44/206 of 22 Decembar 1989 on the possible adverse effects of sea level rise on islands and coustal arous, particularly low lying coastal areas and the pertinent provisions of General Assembly resolution 44/172 of 19 December 1989 on the impiccantation of the Plan of action to combat Desertification, 8. Noting the Ministerial Declaration of the Second World climate Conference adopted on 7 November 1990,
Same toxt as in N/AC. 237/15, Annex II
19. Noting the significant contribution made towards combating activities
hat result is adverse offects on the Earth's climate by the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layor, adopted on 22nd March 1985, and the Montrol Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layor, adopted on 16th September 1987 and adjusted and amended on 29th June 1990, 1 10. Recomizing the need to strengthen International cooperation in addressing adverse effects of climate change (through the development within a global framework of appropriate policia (including the provision to developing countries of adequat., now and additional financial resources (based on assessed contributions by developed countries, and technology transfer on (proferential, concessional and non-commerciall/ltair and most favourable! torms), (the properation of protocols on specific problems]/[the consideration of additional related instrument, as may be agreed) and by means of increased research into atmospheric, torrustrial and marine ecology sciences as well as into the social and economic impacts of climate change and related response strategies, systematic observations, cooperation on scientific, technical, economic and legal matters and exchange of Information), 11. conscious of the valuable work being conducted by many states on global cllmato change and of the important contributions of the World Hoteorological Organization, organs, organizations and bodies of the United Nations system as well as other international and intergovernmental bodies for the exchange of results of scientific research and coordination of resourch, 12. Recomizing the need for alll countries (with excessively high per capiti ratos of anthropogenic carbon dioxide caissions) to take inmediato action in a flexible mannor on the basis of (short, sodium and long torm)/(clou priorities, us • first step towards ) comprehensive response strategies at the global, national and l, whor, agreed, regional] lovels which take into account all greenhouse gases, with due consideration of their relative contributions to the enhancement of the greenhouse offoct and recognizing also that strategies required to understand and addrou cllmato change will be environmentally, socially and economically most offective 16 they are based on relevant scientific, technical and economic considerations and continually re-evaluated in the light of new findings in these arms, 13.
Aware of the role and importance of sinks und reservoirs in terrestrial and marino ocosystems, inter viu, in the absorption of greenhouse gases, 14. Rocoomizing that action to reduce emissions of groenhouse gases can also help in solving other environmental problcas,' 19. Altiming that response to climate change should be coordinated with social and economic development in an integrated manner with a view to avoiding adverso lapecto on the lattor, taking into full account the legitimate soods of developing countries which have at this time as their priority the levement of sustained economic growth and the eradication of poverty, and it therefore the promotion of economic growth in dovoloping countries to creatial to addrosi the problems related to cllmate change, 16. Recognising that the Laprovement of the international economic environment, thuo promoting the economic growth and sustainable social and economic development, of developing countries, is (ossentiall/1a prerequisite for enabling developing countries to participate of toctively in the International efforts to address climate change,
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17. Racoonising that all countries, especially doveloping countries, need access to (all the) resources required to achieve sustainablo social and economic development and that in order to progress towards that goed, (the energy consumption of developing countries must grow, taking into account the nood for greator energy efficiency]/[ not caissions of developing countries must grow),
Conscious that countries with low lying courtal, urid and seas-urid areas of areas liable to drought and desertiiication, small island countries and countries with fragilo mountainous ecosystems are particularly vulnerable to the potential adverse lapects of clloato change and will thoroforo require special consideration under this convention and its (subsequent protocolo)/1rolated legal instruments), 119. Acknowledaing the specific transitional difficulties of those countries, particularly developing countries, whose economies are particularly dependent on fossil fuel production, use and exportation, as i consequence of action takon on ilmiting greenhouse gas emissions and that these difficulties will
to be recognized in the development of protocols under this convention, ) 20. Barring in mind the Laportance of integrating environmental concerns and considerations into policies and programmos in all countries (without introducing any form of conditionality in aid or dovolopaont činancing or constituting a protext for devising new barriers to trade), 121. Recognizing that cllmate policies should be us cost-effective us possible in order to ensure maximum bonoflts from noisurus undertaken, ) 22. Determined to protect the atmosphere for prosent and future generations (on the basis of intor-generational as well u intrı-generational equity),
Have agreed u follows: