« PreviousContinue »
NEW U.S. MEASURES TO MITIGATE CLIMATE CHANGE
The following actions represent measures the United States has begun to take in the areas of energy efficiency, transportation, the use of lower emitting supply technologies, agriculture and natural resources, and technology research and development. Also noted are examples of actions taken by the private sector and by our fifty states:
IMPROVED ENERGY EFFICIENCY
To increase the efficient use of energy in the industrial, commercial and housing sectors we are:
strengthening energy efficiency standards for appliances
partnerships in the areas of lighting, piping, commercial
--for example, over 300 major corporations and
Deserving of special mention are the diverse set of state and utility efforts to cut electricity demand through integrated resource planning and demand side management initiatives.
TRANSPORTATION SECTOR IMPROVEMENTS
To reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the transportation sector
encouraging intermodal shifts through pricing measures,
e.g., expanded use of tolls on Federal highways;
capable of using alternative fuels;
battery technology for electric vehicles through
public-private consortia; and
fuels, such as ethanol from non-food crops and other
SUPPLY SIDE CHANGES TO LOWER EMITTING TECHNOLOGIES
To increase the use of lower emitting supply technologies we
• streamlining natural gas pipeline construction review,
deregulating pipeline sales rates in competitive markets,
and improving gas pipeline transportation access;
developing standardized designs for the next generation
of power plants; • extending the renewable energy tax credit, proposing a
ten million dollar solar bank which will provide
municipal solid waste; and
AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES
In addition to the landfill regulations announced last year that will capture methane, the U.S. will encourage an increase in the capture of methane from coal mines and agricultural sources. In addition, programs exist which provide for:
• replacement of annual crop production systems on highly
erodable lands with perennial vegetation, enhancing soil
carbon reservoirs; and • expanded tree planting programs in forest and urban areas.
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT MEASURES
To facilitate the longer-term market penetration of more efficient and lower-emitting technologies, the U.S. is pursuing vigorous technology research and development programs in the following areas:
high performance aircraft engines, and high speed rail; • intelligent vehicles and highway systems; • building technologies; • industrial waste reduction and recycling; • the next generation of passively safe nuclear
government program with 60% industry funding;
solar and wind energy technologies; and
The Global Change Research Program funding request for FY 93 was expanded by 24% to nearly $1.4 billion.
INDUSTRY PROGRAMS WHICH REDUCE EMISSIONS
U.S industry has a number of domestic and international programs which will have the effect of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and it is studying other opportunities for action. Examples of existing domestic programs include:
• the National Association of Manufacturers, an association
representing 18,000 manufacturing organizations, has an education and action program to incorporate energy
efficiency into all aspects of manufacturing; • the chemical industry's RESPONSIBLE CARE program promotes
both the efficient use of energy and measures to protect
chemicals and has over 300 participating companies. They
250 million pounds. • joint ventures have been established between the utility
and automobile industries to promote the development of
electric vehicles; and
Examples of international cooperation between U.S. industry and their counterparts in other countries include activity in every major industrial sector in all regions of the world. Using joint ventures and cooperative R&D, the U.S. automobile, petro-chemical, utility, mining, and manufacturing industries are promoting the international diffusion of technologies which will lower global greenhouse gas concentrations.
STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACTIONS
State and local governments in the U.S. are taking actions which will have the effect of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. These actions are being carried out independently and/or cooperatively with the Federal Government. We have not yet completed an inventory of measures being taken by our fifty states, but an assessment of state and local programs will be provided later, together with estimates of how these programs will affect greenhouse gas emissions.
What is technology cooperation? How do we integrate development and the environment? What are the needs? What are the barriers? What are the resources?
Dr. Pablo Mulas,
Dr. Michael Gluckman,
Dr. David Jhirad,
Introduction to Panel Il
Panel II: Matching Needs, Resources ang Opportunities --
What are the roles of government and the private sector? How can lending institutions assist? Who owns which piece of the problem and how can barriers be overcome?