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Age: 39 years (May 16, 1932)
Birthplace: Chicago (moved to Massachusetts at early age)
Marital Status: Married, three children
Boston College (1950-1954):
Received B.S. in Business Administration in 1954.
(a) Boston College Law School (1954-57):
Graduated in 1957 with LL.B. degree; honor student; member of the law review for 2 years; first year class president; member of the Board of Governors of the Student Bar Association;
Georgetown University Law Center (1957-58):
Attended evening división and received LL.M.
Admitted to practice in Massachusetts in 1957 and in
(a) Justice Department, Washington, D.C. (June 1957October 1958):
Appointed Trial Attorney, United States Department of Justice, in June 1957. This appointment was made under the Attorney General's Recruitment Program for Honor Law Graduates. Under this
program about 60 honor law graduates were
(b) Justice Department, Chicago, Illinois (October 1958February 1961):
Commissioned Special Attorney in October 1958 (at
(c) Private Practice (February 1961
Pope, Ballard, Kennedy, Shepard & Fowle. Former hiring
on behalf of Federal Savings And Loan Insurance
Teaching Experience (1960-65):
Part-time member of the faculty of Loyola University
Member of the Evanston Human Relations Commission,
Member of the United Republican Fund 500 Club from
(Excerpt from Public Law 92-261-Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972) Sec. 8(e) (1) ***
"(b) (1) There shall be a General Counsel of the Commission appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, for a term of four years. The General Counsel shall have responsibility for the conduct of litigation as provided in sections 706 and 707 of this title. The General Counsel shall have such other duties as the Commission may prescribe or as may be provided by law and shall concur with the Chairman of the Commission on the appointment and supervision of regional attorneys. The General Counsel of the Commission on the effective date of this Act shall continue in such position and perform the functions specified in this subsection until a successor is appointed and qualified.
"(2) Attorneys appointed under this section may, at the direction of the Commission, appear for and represent the Commission in any case in court, provided that the Attorney General shall conduct all litigation to which the Commission is a party in the Supreme Court pursuant to this title."
(The complete text of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 as amended through March 24, 1972, appears as an appendix to this hearing.)
The CHAIRMAN. We are pleased to have our colleague, Senator Percy, here to introduce Mr. Carey to the committee.
STATEMENT OF HON. CHARLES H. PERCY, A U.S. SENATOR FROM THE STATE OF ILLINOIS
Senator PERCY. Mr. Chairman, I am glad that this nomination is not as controversial as another one that has been conducted in the room for the past several months.
I am very pleased by the President's nomination of William A. Carey to be General Counsel of the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
Mr. Carey, whom I have known for many years, is an outstanding attorney in Illinois, with 10 years of experience in trial and appellate work with a major law firm. His previous experience with the Department of Justice both in Washington and Chicago further qualifies him for this appointment.
Of special interest to those of us who are deeply concerned about equal opportunity in American live is his background as a member of the Evanston, Ill., Human Relations Commission and the Evanston Fair Housing Review Board. In these roles he made constructive contributions to the advancement of justice in that city.
I can say that of all the cities I know in Illinois, Evanston has best handled the problem of equal opportunity in housing and education. It has a totally integrated school system of the best possible type. I think it is simply due to the outstanding citizens who are residents who have given their time to make certain their own city is a model. I think for that reason, in addition to his fine legal background and training, it is a great privilege to have this opportunity to present Mr. Carey to the committee this morning.
The CHAIRMAN. Thank you very much, Senator Percy.
The CHAIRMAN. I believe you have a statement, Mr. Carey, that you would like to make?
STATEMENT OF WILLIAM A. CAREY, NOMINATED TO BE GENERAL COUNSEL OF THE EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION
Mr. CAREY. Yes, Mr. Chairman.
I would first like to thank Senator Percy for those flattering remarks and for taking time from his busy schedule to be here to introduce me. I appreciate it very much.
Mr. Chairman, and members of the committee, it is an honor for me to be here this morning. I am particularly grateful to President Nixon for nominating me to be the first Presidentially appointed General Counsel of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
With the passage of the Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972 (amending title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act) by a wide margin, Congress has issued a clear mandate to the EEOC to attempt to bring to an end all forms of employment discrimination based upon race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. To help achieve this end, Congress has armed the Commission with the power to seek the aid of our Federal courts, with their broad remedial powers, to both deter those who violate the act and to redress the injuries done by such violations. I recognize that this new power to bring civil actions in the Federal courts must be exercised fairly and even-handedly; but I also recognize and believe that a true commitment to human rights requires that it be exercised vigorously.
I am also aware that employment discrimination may often be more subtle than direct; and I am also fully aware of the pervasive, albeit sometimes unintentioned, discrimination against women. My point is that the resources of the Commission must be used to combat every form of invidious employment discrimination.
I want to assure you, Mr. Chairman, and the members of this committee, that if confirmed as General Counsel I shall strive by every honorable means at my disposal to make the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission that which you so sincerely want it to be: the bulwark in the fight against employment discrimination in this
That concludes my prepared statement, Mr. Chairman. I will be glad to respond to any questions the committee may have.
The CHAIRMAN. I certainly appreciate your statement. It is a fine statement and you stated it with great conviction.
I think you will certainly agree that the Commission itself should be a model in terms of its employment practices in this area of discrimination.
Mr. CAREY. I would agree to that.
The CHAIRMAN. If any discrimination gets notoriety, the greatest amount of attention would be given here. It has been recently, has it not? Was there not a case recently where there was a claim of discrimination within the Commission?
Mr. CAREY. Yes, sir.
The CHAIRMAN. Well, I am sure within your authority, this would not be a problem-discrimination within the Commission.
Mr. CAREY. I certainly hope not. I cannot imagine it would be any problem at all. Certainly, we must be holier than the employers.
The CHAIRMAN. Let me ask you, have you had time to think through in your mind the organization of the Commission needed to meet the new enforcement responsibilities, and do you see any restructuring of the Commission?