Negotiating Survival: Four Priorities After Rio
Council on Foreign Relations, 1992 - 90 pages
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able accepted accordance achieve action plan activities additional administration agencies Agenda 21 agreed appropriate areas Assembly assistance Bank basis billion biodiversity bodies chapter climate change Commission commitments Conference conservation consider consideration contributions controlled Convention cooperation coordination Council decisions devel developing country Parties donor economic effective efforts emissions ensure environment and development environmental established financial resources follow-up foreign forest funding given global governments greenhouse gases groups implementation of Agenda important increase institutions integrated intergovernmental issues major means measures mechanism meeting ment negotiations non-governmental objectives organizations participation particular period population programmes promote protection question reach regard regional relevant reports require respect role scientific secretariat Secretary-General social sources strengthened successful sustainable development taking into account tion tional transfer treaty UNDP UNEP United Nations system
Page 75 - States should cooperate to promote a supportive and open international economic system that would lead to economic growth and sustainable development in all countries, to better address the problems of environmental degradation.
Page 37 - Convention, stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.
Page 75 - The Parties should protect the climate system for the benefit of present and future generations of humankind, on the basis of equity and in accordance with their common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities. Accordingly, the developed country Parties should take the lead in combating climate change and the adverse effects thereof.
Page 81 - Convention related to financial resources and transfer of technology and will take fully into account the fact that economic and social development and eradication of poverty are the first and overriding priorities of the developing country Parties.
Page 85 - Establish or maintain means to regulate, manage or control the risks associated with the use and release of living modified organisms resulting from biotechnology which are likely to have adverse environmental impacts that could affect the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, taking also into account the risks to human health: (h) Prevent the introduction of. control or eradicate those alien species which threaten ecosystems, habitats or species...
Page 78 - These policies and measures will demonstrate that developed countries are taking the lead in modifying longer-term trends in anthropogenic emissions consistent with the objective of the Convention, recognizing that the return by the end of the present decade to earlier levels of anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol would contribute to such modification.
Page 75 - In order to protect the environment, the precautionary approach shall be widely applied by States according to their capabilities. Where there are threats of serious or irreversible damage, lack of full scientific certainty shall not be used as a reason for postponing cost-effective measures to prevent environmental degradation.
Page 80 - ... above, a certain degree of flexibility shall be allowed by the Conference of the Parties to the Parties included in annex I undergoing the process of transition to a market economy, in order to enhance the ability of these Parties to address climate change, including with regard to the historical level of anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol chosen as a reference.
Page 87 - Articles 20 and 21 with the aim of sharing in a fair and equitable way the results of research and development and the benefits arising from the commercial and other...
Page 76 - A national inventory of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of all greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol, to the extent its capacities permit, using comparable methodologies to be promoted and agreed upon by the Conference of the Parties...